Erica L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 352. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • Heath [Greek ereiko, to break, alluding to brittle stems]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Erica L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000013772. Accessed on: 29 Oct 2020'

General Information

Subshrubs or shrubs [trees]. Stems erect, spreading, or creeping, (much-branched); twigs glabrous or hairy. Leaves persistent, whorled; petiole present; blade coriaceous, margins ciliate, prickled, or glabrous. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, umbels, racemes, or panicles, 10-30-flowered; perulae absent; (bracteoles 2-3). Flowers bisexual, radially symmetric; sepals 4-5, distinct, (shorter than petals); petals 4-5, connate nearly their entire lengths [connate ca. 1/2 their lengths], corolla persistent, campanulate; stamens 10, included or exserted; (filaments glabrous); anthers with or without awns, dehiscent through narrowly oblong, subterminal pores; ovary pseudo-10-locular; style (slender, straight), included or exserted, (glabrous); stigma filiform, obconic, or capitate. Fruits capsular [drupaceous], ellipsoid, dehiscence loculicidal [indehiscent]. Seeds ca. 10, ellipsoid to obovoid, not winged, not tailed; testa reticulate or foveolate. x = 12.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    "Fls 4-merous; sep distinct; cor ovoid to campanulate, shallowly lobed; stamens 8; anthers with or without appendages; capsule subglobose, enclosed by the persistent cor; branching shrubs with narrow, whorled, subsessile lvs and pink to purple fls. 600+, Old World. Our spp. all intr. from Europe."

  • Provided by: [D].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Pedicels short and 1–flowered, normally bearing 1 bract and 2 opposite bracteoles, but sometimes either the bract or the bracteoles, very rarely both, missing.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Calyx and corolla actinomorphic and hypogynous.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Calyx segments 4, free or fused to a greater or lesser extent.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Corolla globular to tubular, 4–lobed, the lobes usually appreciably shorter than the tube, in the F.Z. area rather to very small, always less than 1 cm.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Fruit a cartilaginous loculicidal capsule contained within the persistent calyx and corolla.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Seeds several per loculus.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Trees, shrubs, or sub–shrubs, usually much branched with flexuously ascending sterns.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Ovary 4 (8) loculate, placentation axile.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Style 1, more or less expanded at the apex.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Branchlets slender.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Leaves normally in whorls of 3–6 (3–4 in the F.Z. area), or occasionally spirally insertedd, very small, the margins usually revolute and meeting in the centre line on the under side of the leaf to form a sulcus.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Inflorescence normally consisting of capitate clusters of up to 20 flowers on the tips of the branchlets, but sometimes spicate with the flowers in the axils of leaves on branches whose vegetative growth may continue after flowering.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Stamens normally 8, rarely fewer (4–7) or more (12); filaments free, insertedd on a hypogynous disc, often geniculate below the anthers; anthers often with appendages, dehiscing by lateral pores.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Synonyms

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Heath [Greek ereiko, to break, alluding to brittle stems]

     Information From

    Ericaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).