Eriocoelum Hook. f.
  • Gen. Pl. 1: 400. 1862.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Eriocoelum Hook. f. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000013826. Accessed on: 28 Nov 2020'

Morphology

Fruit capsular, 3-gonous, 3-locular, loculicidally dehiscent, valves lanuginous at the base within.

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    Seeds 1 per loculus, ellipsoid, with an arillode at the base.

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    Inflorescence a terminal or axillary paniculate or racemoid thyrse.

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    Flowers spuriously polygamous, often monoecious, actinomorphic.

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    Large or small trees or shrubs.

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    Leaves paripinnate, shortly petiolate or sub-sessile; leaflets 2–5-jugate, lowest pair often resembling stipules.

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    Disk patelliform or collar-like with a free scarious margin.

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    Stamens 8; staminodes shorter in the female flowers.

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    Sepals 5, almost free.

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    Petals 5, each with a short broad pilose or pubescent scale.

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    Ovary 3-locular, densely hairy, loculi 1-ovulate; pistillode subglobose in the male flowers.

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    Inflorescences paniculate or sometimes ± simply pseudoracemose, terminal or subterminal, always a few flowers of opposite sex in male and female inflorescences

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    Leaves paripinnate; leaflets in 2–5 pairs, petiolate or sometimes almost sessile with lowest pair ± stipuliform; other leaflets large, opposite or alternate, sometimes with translucent dots

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    Stamens 8, ± as long as petals; filaments ± hairy or glabrous; staminodes 8, shorter than the petals

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    Flowers regular; sepals 5; petals 5, 2–5×as long as sepals; limb narrowly elliptic or lanceolate with a very short claw, scales much shorter than petals and often wider, not adnate, hairy; disk collar- or muff-shaped, funnel-like, often with sinuous margin

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    Monoecious or dioecious trees or shrubs

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    Ovary globose, 3-locular, each locule 1-ovulate; style thick, simple; rudimentary ovary reduced to a few hairs

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    Fruit capsular, ± globose, ± 3-angular, woody, loculicidally dehiscent; endocarp coloured, with tuft of fawn hairs at base of valves

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    Seeds erect, ovoid, smooth, with lobed orange or red arillode.

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    Arbres'ou arbustes ramifiés, monoïques ou dioïques.'Feuilles'paripennées, 2-5-juguées, souvent subsessiles, les 2 folioles inférieures ± stipuliformes; folioles assez grandes, opposées ou alternes, glabres ou peu poilues, présentant, dans nos espèces, des points translucides.'Inflorescences'terminales ou subterminales, en panicules de racèmes spiciformes, rarement simples.'Fleurs'petites, actinomorphes, les ♀ d'apparence ☿, les inflorescences ♂ ou ♀ montrant souvent des fleurs éparses de l'autre sexe; sépales très petits; pétales 2-5 fois plus longs que les sépales, à limbe étroit, ovale ou lancéolé et onglet très court; écailles plus courtes et plus larges que le limbe, couvertes de longs poils; disque en manchon ou collerette, ± évasé, à bord sinueux; étamines 8, à filet ± poilu, aussi longues que les pétales dans la fleur ♂, plus courtes dans la fleur ♀; ovaire globuleux, à 3 loges 1-ovulées; style simple, robuste.'Fruits'capsulaires, globuleux, ± 3-gones, à déhiscence loculicide; endocarpe brillamment coloré, montrant à la base des valves une touffe de longs poils fauves.'Graines dressées, ovoïdes, lisses, pourvues d'un arillode ± lobé, orangé; embryon courbé; cotylédons superposés transversalement, à réserves lipidiques et grains d'aleurone.\n\t\t\t\tGenre d'Afrique tropicale centrale et occidentale, comptant ± 10 espèces dont 4 au Congo belge.

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      Bibliography

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • C http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Sapindaceae
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).