Euonymus L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 197. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • [Greek eu-, good, and onyma, name, apparently applied ironically, the genus having had the bad reputation of poisoning cattle]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Euonymus L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000014199. Accessed on: 25 Oct 2021'

General Information

4. Euonymus L., nom. cons.

Por F.R. Barrie.

Árboles o arbustos, rara vez escandentes, glabros (enMesoamérica) o rara vez pelosos. Hojas opuestas (en Mesoamérica), rara vezverticiladas o alternas, los márgenes enteros, serrados oespinoso-denticulados, cartáceas; estípulas 1-2 mm, aciculares, caducas.Inflorescencias axilares, cimosas o rara vez las flores fasciculadas; floreshermafroditas o rara vez masculinas y pistiladas, las plantas dioicas oginodioicas, 4 o 5-meras (4-meras en Mesoamérica); disco carnoso, anular o 4 o5-lobado, intraestaminal o los estambres insertos en el disco, las anteraslongitudinal u oblicuamente dehiscentes; ovario 3-5-locular, los óvulos erectoso péndulos, 2(-12) por lóculo. Cápsulas subesféricas u obovoides, redondeadas,angulosas y profundamente lobadas o aladas lateralmente, la dehiscencialoculicida, la superficie lisa o equinada; semillas 1 a 3, elipsoidales,ariladas, el arilo basal o parcial a completamente envolviendo a la semilla.Aprox. 130 spp. Norteamérica, Europa, Asia. 4 spp. en Mesoamérica.

Bibliografía: Ma, J.S. Thaiszia11: 1-264 (2001).

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • 2
    • ]. 

    EUONYMUS L.

    Euonymus costaricensis Standl., Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 18: 631. 1937.

    Arbolitos pequeños, 3–5 m de alto, glabros, ramas cuadradas; plantas hermafroditas. Hojas opuestas, lanceoladas a oblongas, 5–12 cm de largo y 2–4.5 cm de ancho, acuminadas en al ápice, cuneadas en la base, margen aserrado excepto en la base, nervios secundarios inconspicuos; pecíolo 3–6 mm de largo, acanalado. Inflorescencia un racimo axilar y congestionado de cimas, cada cima pedunculada, con 3–5 flores, pedicelos 3–8 mm de largo; sépalos 4, 1.5–2.5 mm de largo, redondeados; pétalos 4, 1.8–2.3 mm de largo, redondeados; estambres 4, anteras basifijas, extrorsas, casi terminales; ovario inmerso en el disco y confluente con éste, estilo corto. Fruto una cápsula dehiscente por 4 valvas; semillas 2, arilo anaranjado.

    Se conoce en Nicaragua solamente en nebliselva en el área de Santa María de Ostuma; 1350–1590 m; fl mar, fr ago–dic; Moreno 18935, Stevens 23022; Nicaragua y Costa Rica. Género con ca 180 especies, distribuido en las zonas tropicales y templadas, concentrado en el sureste de Asia, ausente en las Antillas y Sudamérica.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Shrubs, trees, or vines, . Branchlets terete or 4-angled. Leaves deciduous or persistent, opposite; stipules present; petiole present; blade margins entire or toothed; venation pinnate. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, cymes. Flowers bisexual, radially symmetric; perianth and androecium hypogynous; hypanthium absent; sepals 4–5, distinct; petals 4–5, white, green, yellow, red, or purple; nectary intrastaminal, annular, fleshy; stamens 4–5, adnate to nectary margin; staminodes 0; pistil 4–5-carpellate; ovary superior, 4–5-locular, placentation axile; style 1; stigma 1; ovules 2 per locule. Fruits capsules, (1–)2–5-locular, globose, subglobose, or obovoid, unlobed or 2–5-lobed, apex not beaked. Seeds 2 per locule, ellipsoid, ovoid, or subglobose, not winged; aril yellow, orange, or red, completely surrounding seed. x = 16.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Shrubs, sometimes small trees, ascending or clambering, evergreen or deciduous, glabrous, rarely pubescent. Leaves opposite, rarely also alternate or whorled, entire, serrulate, or crenate, stipulate. Inflorescences axillary, occasionally terminal, cymose. Flowers bisexual, 4(or 5)-merous; petals light yellow to dark purple. Disk fleshy, annular, 4- or 5-lobed, intrastaminal or stamens on disk; anthers longitudinally or obliquely dehiscent, introrse. Ovary 4- or 5-locular; ovules erect to pendulous, 2(-12) per locule. Capsule globose, rugose, prickly, laterally winged or deeply lobed, occasionally only 1-3 lobes developing, loculicidally dehiscent. Seeds 1 to several, typically 2 developing, ellipsoid; aril basal to enveloping seed.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    "Fls perfect, 4–6-merous, small, solitary or cymose in the axils; pet widely spreading; stamens very short, inserted at the margin of the broad disk, in which the 3–5-locular ovary is largely immersed; ovules 2–6 per locule, ± ascending; stigma sessile, 3–5-lobed; fr colored, capsular, often 3–5-lobed, with 1–6 seeds per locule, each seed covered by a red or orange aril; shrubs or small trees, prostrate to erect, sometimes climbing by adventitious roots; twigs often 4- angled, sometimes winged; lvs opposite, deciduous in our native spp. 200+, cosmop. Several cult. spp. that only occasionally escape are included in the key, but not numbered or described."

  • Provided by: [F].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Arbustes'dressés, parfois sarmenteux ou arbres inermes; rameaux cylindriques ou anguleux, ou munis d'ailes subéreuses.'Feuilles'opposées, rarement alternes, pétiolées, souvent persistantes; stipules filiformes, caduques.'Inflorescences'en cymes axillaires, pédonculées, rarement fleurs solitaires.'Fleurs'☿ rarement ♂♀ par avortement, 4-5-mères; sépales dressés ou recourbés; pétales imbriqués ou subvalvaires, suborbiculaires, linéaires, entiers ou laciniés; étamines soudées sur le disque ou sur les bords du disque, à filet court ou nul; anthères introrses, déhiscentes par fentes longitudinales ou subtransversales; disque charnu patelliforme et ± 4-5-lobé ou membraneux 1 cupuliforme et 5-lobé; ovaire ± enfoncé dans le disque, 4-5-loculaire ou par avortement 3-loculaire ou moins; style à stigmate 4-5 lobé; ovules 2 (4, 10-12) par loge, dressés ou pendants.'Fruits': capsules loculicides, 3-5-angulaires, lisses épineuses ou ailées, déhiscentes en 2-5 valves, (1-3) 4-5-loculaire, ± charnues ou coriaces.'Graines 1-2 par loge, dressées ou pendantes; arille charnu ou membraneux, généralement rouge; albumen charnu; embryon grand, à cotylédons foliacés.\n\t\t\t\tGenre des régions tropicales, subtropicales et tempérées, surtout d'Asie, groupant'±170 espèces; au Congo belge, 1 espèce.

  • Provided by: [C].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES Blakelock, R. A. 1951. A synopsis of the genus Euonymus L. Kew Bull. 6: 210–290. Ma, J. S. 2001. A revision of Euonymus (Celastraceae). Thaiszia 11: 1–264.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    [Greek eu-, good, and onyma, name, apparently applied ironically, the genus having had the bad reputation of poisoning cattle]

     Information From

    Celastraceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • C http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Flora of North America Association
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • F Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).