Flacourtia Comm. ex L'Hér.
  • Stirp. Nov. 3: 59. 1786. (Mar 1786)
  • [For Étienne de Flacourt, 1607-1660, Governor of Madagascar]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Flacourtia Comm. ex L'Hér. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000014831. Accessed on: 23 Oct 2021'

General Information

FLACOURTIA L'Hér.

Por Amy Pool

Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch., Nomencl. Bot. 290. 1797; Stigmarota jangomas Lour.

Arboles caducifolios, hasta 5 m de alto, troncos armados con espinas generalmente ramificadas, corteza frecuentemente rojiza, exfoliante en placas; plantas dioicas. Hojas alternas y espiraladas, lanceoladas u oblongas, 7–11 cm de largo y 2–4 cm de ancho, ápice largamente acuminado, base aguda a redondeada, margen subentero, serrado-glandular, con glándulas en el envés, sin marcas pelúcidas, glándulas basales ausentes, glabras, pinnatinervias; pecíolo 4–7 mm de largo, exestipuladas. Inflorescencias racemosas o subcorimbosas, axilares, con pocas flores, las estaminadas de hasta 3.5 cm de largo, las pistiladas hasta 1.5 cm de largo, brácteas estaminadas diminutas, en la base del pedúnculo y pedicelos (aquellas pistiladas no conocidas), pedicelo 5–10 mm de largo, articulado cerca de la base; sépalos 4, casi libres, imbricados, ovados (los estaminados fuertemente reflexos), 2 mm de largo, verdes, pétalos ausentes, disco un anillo suculento; flores estaminadas con más de 50 estambres insertos en un receptáculo hinchado, filamentos libres, 2.5 mm de largo, disco extrastaminal sin ovario rudimentario; flores pistiladas con ovario súpero, 4–6 estilos fusionados en una columna de 1 mm de alto, apenas libres en los ápices, cada uno con estigma 2-lobado y recurvado. Fruto abayado, subgloboso (a veces con 5–6 crestas cuando seco), 1.5–2.5 cm de diámetro, indehiscente, carnoso, columna estilar y estigmas persistentes, verde a rojizo o purpúreo; semillas 4 ó 5, sin arilo.

Cultivada en la zona pacífica; fl jun, fr oct; Grijalva 3848, Salas 3160; no se conoce en estado silvestre, pero posiblemente es originaria de la India. Probablemente cultivada por sus frutos que se dicen son acres cuando frescos pero buenos para hacer mermeladas. Género con ca 15 especies, nativas de las regiones cálidas de Africa y Asia a Polinesia.

H. Sleumer. Flacourtiaceae. Fl. Malesiana, ser. 1, 5: 1–106. 1954.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Trees or shrubs, usually not heterophyllous, not clonal; branching sympodial. Stems usually spinose, sometimes unarmed, spines simple and/or compound. Leaves usually persistent, sometimes deciduous; stipules minute; petiole not glandular. Inflorescences axillary or terminal (on lateral twigs), few-flowered, racemelike cymes [2-flowered fascicles], pistillate flowers sometimes solitary. Pedicels articulate near base. Flowers (unisexual and/or bisexual, fragrant [not]); sepals 4-7; disc lobed; stamens ca. 15-30; filaments distinct; ovary [2-]5-7[-10]-carpellate (and -locular, placentation axile, placentae intruded and fused); styles (persistent) connate basally [entirely and columnar]; stigma notched-capitate or truncate. Fruits drupaceous. Seeds: aril absent. x = 11.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    Morphology

    Seeds obovoid-ellipsoid, somewhat flattened; testa crustaceous.

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    Shrubs or trees, sometimes with spiny branches and/or trunk

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    • 3
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    Flowers dioecious, or rarely bisexual, small, in short axillary racemes, sometimes reduced to a solitary flower

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 3
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    Sepals (3–)4–5(–7), slightly connate at the base, imbricate in bud

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Leaves alternate, entire or serrate-crenate, penninerved, petiolate, exstipulate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Female flowers: sepals as in the ♂ flowers. Receptacle with an entire, crenulate or lobed disk. Ovary sessile, incompletely (2–)4–6(–8)-locular by false septa; placentas 4–8, pluri-ovulate, with 2 ovules per locule one above the other; styles as many as the locules, free or ± connate, persistent; stigmas small, inflated or shortly 2-lobed

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 3
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    Fruit a fleshy drupe with 4–16 seeds usually in pairs one above the other

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    • 3
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    Petals 0

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    • 3
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    Male flowers: stamens 15 to numerous, inserted on a receptacle which bears an extra-staminal annular disk usually broken into ± free glands; filaments filiform; anthers dorsifixed. Rudiment of ovary 0

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Sepals 4–7, slightly connate at the base, imbricate.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 4
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    Petals 0.

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    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Shrubs or trees; branches often spinose, trunk occasionally spinose.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Flowers dioecious, rarely bisexual, small, in short axillary racemes or solitary.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Leaves petiolate, mostly crenate.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Seeds obovoid; cotyledons ± orbicular.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Fruit a fleshy berry with 4–16 seeds usually in pairs one above the other.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Female flowers with a usually entire or crenulate disk, ovary incompletely (2) 4–6 (10)-locular by false septa; ovules 2 per loculus one above the other; styles as many as the loculi, free or connate, persistent.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Male flowers with an extrastaminal disk usually broken into free glands; stamens 15–?, anthers dorsifixed, rudiment of ovary 0.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Arbustes'ou arbres épineux ou inermes.'Feuilles'sans stipules, alternes, subentières à crénelées-dentées, penninerves.'Fleurs'unisexuées, rarement ☿ Fleurs ♂ en racèmes; calice à (3)4-5 sépales ± soudés entre eux à la base, à préfloraison imbriquée; pétales absents; étamines ∞, insérées sur le réceptacle entouré d'un anneau de glandes glabres.'Fleurs'♀ solitaires ou en racèmes; calice à 4-7 sépales ± soudés entre eux à la base, à préfloraison imbriquée; pétales absents; réceptacle entouré d'un anneau de glandes glabres; ovaire supère, imparfaitement 4-8-loculaire, à 4-8 placentas pluriovulés ; styles 4-8, libres ou connés à la base; stigmates enflés et ± bilobés.'Drupes'polyspermes.'Graines ordinairement superposées par 2 dans chaque loge.\n\t\t\t\tGenre paléotropical comprenant environ 15 espèces. Pour la Flore, 2 espèces.\n\t\t\t\tPlusieurs espèces sont cultivées pour leurs fruits dont on fait des confitures.

  • Provided by: [D].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    [For Étienne de Flacourt, 1607-1660, Governor of Madagascar]

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • D http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Flora of North America Association
    Salicaceae
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).