Foeniculum Mill.
  • Gard. Dict. Abr. (ed. 4) vol. 1. 1754. (28 Jan 1754)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Foeniculum Mill. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000014894. Accessed on: 21 Sep 2021'

General Information

11. Foeniculum Mill.

Por L. Constance y J. Affolter.

Hierbas perennes o bianuales, robustas a delgadas, erectas, caulescentes, ramificadas, glabras y algo glaucas, con aroma de anís y robustas raíces axonomorfas. Hojas alternas, pecioladas, pinnadamente compuestas con divisiones posteriores filiformes, membranáceas; pecíolos envainadores, las vainas escarioso-marginadas. Inflorescencia de umbelas laxas compuestas; pedúnculos terminales y laterales; involucro e involucelo ausentes; radios bastante numerosos, desiguales, patente-ascendentes; pedicelos patente-ascendentes. Dientes del cáliz ausentes; pétalos obovados con un ápice inflexo más angosto, amarillos; estilos cortos, el estilopodio bajo cónico. Frutos oblongos a angostamente ovoides, comprimidos lateralmente, glabros; mericarpos subteretes; carpóforo 2-partido; costillas 5, prominentes en los frutos, agudas u obtusas, subiguales; vitas solitarias en los intervalos, 2 en las comisuras; cara de la semilla plana o cóncava. 1 o más spp. Nativa de la región del Mediterráneo, ampliamente cultivada.

La única especie en Mesoamérica es Foeniculum vulgare.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Herbs, annual or perennial, all parts strongly aromatic (anise-scented). Stem erect, terete, gray-green or lurid-green, glabrous. Leaves petiolate, sheaths membranous-margined; blade pinnately decompound; ultimate segments linear. Umbels compound, terminal and lateral; bracts and bracteoles absent; rays numerous, upwards-spreading, unequal. Calyx teeth obsolete. Petals yellow, obovate, mid rib conspicuous, apex with narrowly inflexed lobule. Stylopodium conic; styles very short, reflexed. Fruit oblong, terete, glabrous; ribs 5, acute or round-obtuse; vittae 1 in each furrow, 2 on commissure. Seed face plane or slightly concave. Carpophore 2-cleft to base.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    "Fr oblong, slightly flattened laterally or subterete, the ribs slender but prominent; oil-tubes solitary in the intervals, 2 on the commissure; carpophore bifid to the base; umbels large, compound, on stout peduncles; invol and involucel none; umbellets numerous; sep none; pet yellow; stylopodium conic; coarse perennials with the lvs dissected into linear or filiform segments. 5, Europe and Medit. reg."

  • Provided by: [B].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    It is probably genuinely native in the Mediterranean region.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Umbels compound, numerous, leaf-opposed; involucre and involucel none

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Leaves 3–4-pinnate, continually dissected into fine, capillary segments

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Calyx-teeth absent

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Flowers polygamous

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Fruit oblong-ellipsoid, only slightly compressed laterally, the mericarps scarcely narrowed to the broad commissure; primary ribs pale, conspicuous, stout and prominent, the marginal ribs not or scarcely larger than the dorsals; valleculae each with a single, broad, dark vitta; commissure with 2 vittae equalling or slightly smaller than the dorsal ones; stylopodia conical, somewhat elongating in fruit; carpophore deeply bifid

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Petals yellow, glabrous, strongly incurved at the tip and ± emarginate

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Endosperm depressed-pentagonal, distinctly sulcate below the vittae

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Glabrous, strongly aromatic biennial or perennial

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Sepals absent.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Petals yellow with strongly inturned apices.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Biennial or perennial herbs with pinnately divided leaves, with filiform ultimate segments.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Umbels compound, bracts and bracteoles 0–few.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Vittae solitary in the furrows.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Fruit narrowly ovoid, very slightly laterally compressed; ribs fairly robust and obvious at maturity.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    One polymorphic species widely distributed in Europe, the Mediterranean and SW. Asia; even within this region its native area is blurred by naturalisation from cultivation as a condiment, which is its normal status in tropical Africa

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Apiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).