Fragaria L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 494. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • Strawberry, fraisier [Latin fraga, fragrance, and aria, possession, alluding to sweet-smelling strawberry fruit]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Fragaria L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000014995. Accessed on: 21 Sep 2021'

General Information

6. Fragaria L.

Por F.R. Barrie.

Hierbas perennes, rizomatosas y frecuentemente estoloníferas. Hojas basales, 3-foliadas, estípulas adnatas a los pecíolos. Inflorescencias terminales sobre tallos afilos, cimosas. Flores bisexuales o unisexuales y plantas dioicas o poligamodioicas; hipanto obcónico a pateliforme; bractéolas 5; sépalos 5(-9 F. × ananassa); pétalos 5(-9 F. × ananassa); estambres 20 o más; receptáculo cónico o globoso; ovario súpero; carpelos numerosos, libres; estilo lateral o sub-basal. Frutos formados por numerosos aquenios sobre el receptáculo carnoso agrandado o embebidos en este. Aprox. 10 spp. Eurasia templada y Norteamérica, 1 sp. (Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Mill.) en Sudamérica.

La fresa comercialmente producida es ampliamente cultivada y posiblemente escapa ocasionalmente en Mesoamérica. Es un híbrido entre la especie sudamericana Fragaria chiloensis y la especie norteamericana F. virginiana Mill. desarrollada en Europa en el siglo XVIII (Staudt, 1999).

Bibliografía: Staudt, G. Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 81: 1-162 (1999).

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Herbs, perennial, acaulescent, 0.2–2.8 dm; short-rhizomatous, stoloniferous. Stems 1–10 (crowns), procumbent, ?sympodially branched, stolons not leafy, rooting and producing shoots at every 2d node?, glabrate to densely spreading-hairy or appressed-ascending hairy. Leaves deciduous, basal, alternate, ternate; stipules persistent, basally adnate to petiole, lanceolate, margins entire; petiole present; blade shallowly deltate to widely ovate or widely depressed ovate, 1–6 cm, thin to thick, sometimes leathery, leaflets 3, usually ovate to obovate, sometimes rhombic to roundish, margins flat, serrate to crenate, venation pinnate, abaxial surface sericeous (at least along veins), adaxial mostly glabrate. Inflorescences axillary ?from leaf rosette?, 1–10-flowered, cymes, glabrate to densely spreading-hairy or appressed-ascending-hairy; bracts usually present; bracteoles present, caducous. Pedicels present. Flowers bisexual or unisexual (plants synoecious, gynodioecious, dioecious, or trioecious), 12–29.8 mm diam.; epicalyx bractlets 5; hypanthium saucer-shaped, 9.5–27.8 mm diam., hairy; sepals 5, spreading, broadly lanceolate; petals 5[–9], usually white, rarely pink, orbiculate to ovate or obovate, ?base clawed?; ?sterile staminodia in pistillate flowers?; stamens 15 in 3 whorls, shorter than petals, ?anther thecae 2?; torus globose to conic; carpels 30–150, glabrous, styles basal; ovule 1. Fruits accessory; aggregated achenes, 30 (or less)–150, ?borne on enlarged torus, superficial or embedded in torus flesh?, ovate or ± ovoid, 1–2 mm, glabrous; ?torus usually red, wine red, or carmine, rarely white, globose or subglobose to oblong, conic, or oblate, 9–24(–37) mm, fleshy, apex sometimes pointed?; hypanthium persistent; sepals persistent, spreading, reflexed, or clasping tori; styles deciduous. x = 7.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Herbs perennial, mostly stoloniferous, polygamo-dioecious, usually spreading or appressed hairy. Stolons often rooting at nodes and forming plantlets. Leaves alternate, petiolate; stipules adnate to base of petiole, often membranous, sheathing; leaf blade 3-foliolate or pinnately 5-foliolate. Inflorescence erect, cymose or corymbiform, few flowered, rarely a solitary flower. Hypanthium obconic or turbinate. Sepals 5, valvate, persistent; epicalyx segments 5, alternating with and smaller than sepals, margin entire. Petals 5, white, rarely yellow, broadly obovate or suborbicular. Stamens numerous; anther 2-loculed. Carpels numerous, free, borne on convex receptacle; ovule ascending from middle of locule; style adaxial, short, persistent. Aggregate fruit formed from enlarged receptacle, berry-like, long conic to globose, fleshy. Achenes numerous, seated in pits on surface of aggregate fruit, minute, brittle. Seed testa membranous; cotyledons convex. x = 7.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    "Hypanthium saucer-shaped; sep 5, alternating with foliaceous bracts of nearly equal size; pet 5, white, obovate to subrotund; stamens numerous; with short filaments; pistils numerous, inserted on a prolongation of the receptacle; style slender, lateral; fr of numerous achenes on a greatly enlarged, juicy, edible red receptacle, subtended by the persistent calyx and bracts; perennial herbs, usually spreading freely by runners, with basal, 3-foliolate, serrate lvs and scape-like peduncles bearing few to several fls. 30, N. Temp., S. Amer."

  • Provided by: [E].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Petals and epicalyx present

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Fruit consisting of many, small 1-seeded achenes covering the accrescent, juicy, succulent receptacle.

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Perennial stoloniferous herbs

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Leaves trifoliolate, densely clustered from a basal rosette

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Flowers pentamerous, protogynous

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCE Staudt, G. 1999. Systematics and geographic distribution of the American strawberry species. Taxonomic studies in the genus Fragaria (Rosaceae: Potentilleae). Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 81.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Strawberry, fraisier [Latin fraga, fragrance, and aria, possession, alluding to sweet-smelling strawberry fruit]

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • E Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Rosaceae
    CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0). https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).