Freesia Eckl. ex Klatt
  • Linnaea 34: 672. 1866.
  • Freesia [for F. H. T. Freese, d. 1876, student of C. F. Ecklon, 1795–1868, who first used the name (as Freesea), although in a different sense]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Freesia Eckl. ex Klatt. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000015033. Accessed on: 23 Sep 2021'

General Information

Herbs, perennial, from corms. Corms tunicate, conic, ca. 10 mm diam.; tunics fibrous; fibers fine, pale, reticulate. Stems simple or branched. Leaves several, sometimes prostrate; blade plane, lanceolate [ensiform or oblong]. Inflorescences spicate, secund, usually strongly flexed basally, ± horizontal, several–many-flowered; bract green [pale straw colored], coriaceous or membranous. Flowers often strongly fragrant, zygomorphic; tepals connate into tube, mostly white or yellow, sometimes pink or red, subequal, outer whorl slightly larger than inner; perianth tube cylindric or funnel-shaped, short or long proximally, abruptly expanded into short to long tube or flared distally; stamens asymmetrically disposed, unilateral; anthers usually parallel; style arching over filaments, dividing into 3 filiform branches. Capsules irregularly globose, usually rugose. Seeds several per locule, globose, without wings; seed coat light to dark brown, hard, shiny. x = 11.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    Morphology

    Perennials with corms with fibrous tunics

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Leaves several, the lower 1-2 entirely sheathing (cataphylls); foliage leaves plane, firm or soft-textured

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    Inflorescence a spike, usually flexed at the base; bracts herbaceous to coriaceous, the inner shorter than the outer, often brown at apex

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Flowers zygomorphic, shades of pink to red, or whitish usually with contrasting darker markings on the lower 3 tepals; perianth-tube well developed, either slender and cylindric throughout or narrowly campanulate; tepals subequal or the upper larger and erect and the 3 lower inclined to horizontal

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Stamens unilateral and arcuate, filaments usually mostly included; anthers parallel and contiguous

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    Ovary globose-oblong; style exserted, the branches filiform, each deeply divided and recurved

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    Capsules globose, coriaceous, usually papillate to rugose

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Seeds few-many per locule, oblong to globose, glossy, smooth or ruminate.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Herbes'à corme globuleux, tuniqué avec des fibres en réseau parallèle; tige simple ou ramifiée.'Feuilles'distiques, planes; cataphylles 2.'Inflorescences'en épis; pédoncule souvent flexueux; spathes absentes; bractées accompagnées d'une bractéole.'Fleurs'sessiles, zygomorphes, les inférieures formant progressivement un angle de 90'avec le rachis; périgone rougeâtre, rose ou blanchâtre; pétales soudés en un tube progressivement évasé, à lobes subégaux ou inégaux; étamines disposées unilatéralement, à filet généralement inclus et à anthère dressée; ovaire globuleux; style exsert, filiforme, divisé en 3 branches; stigmates bifides et recourbés.'Capsules'globuleuses, souvent rugueuses ou papilleuses.'Graines globuleuses ou allongées.\n\t\t\t\tGenre d'Afrique tropicale et australe, comprenant 15 espèces. Pour la Flore : 2 espèces.'Freesia × hybrida Baill. est signalé cultivé au Rwanda.

  • Provided by: [B].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Goldblatt, P. 1982. Systematics of Freesia Klatt (Iridaceae). J. S. African Bot. 48: 39–91. Goldblatt, P. and J. C. Manning. 1995. Phylogeny of the African genera Anomatheca and Freesia (Iridaceae–Ixioideae), and a new genus Xenoscapa. Syst. Bot. 20: 161–178.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Freesia [for F. H. T. Freese, d. 1876, student of C. F. Ecklon, 1795–1868, who first used the name (as Freesea), although in a different sense]

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Flora of North America Association
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • B http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Iridaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).