Gaultheria L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 395. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • Wintergreen [For Jean-François Gaulthier, 1708-1756, botanist and physician of Québec]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Gaultheria L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000015402. Accessed on: 21 Sep 2021'

General Information

Shrubs or subshrubs, (sometimes rhizomatous or stoloniferous and rooting at nodes). Stems erect or procumbent; twigs glabrous or hairy. Leaves persistent, aromatic; blade ovate, elliptic, or orbiculate to subcordate or reniform, coriaceous, margins serrate, crenate, or ciliate, plane or revolute, surfaces glabrous or hairy; venation reticulodromous or brochidodromous. Inflorescences axillary, racemes, 2-12-flowered, sometimes flowers solitary; (bracteoles closely subtending flowers). Flowers: sepals (4-)5, connate basally to nearly their entire lengths, (sometimes exceeding petals), ovate, deltate, or cordate; petals (4-)5, connate ca. 1/2 to nearly their entire lengths, white or cream to pink, corolla urceolate to campanulate, lobes much shorter than tube; stamens 8 or 10, included, (inserted at base of ovary); filaments straight, flattened, usually widest proximally, glabrous or hairy, sometimes papillose, without spurs; anthers with 2-4 awns or without awns, dehiscent by pores with ventral slits, (white disintegration tissue present dorsally along connective); pistil 4-5-carpellate; ovary 5-locular; stigma truncate or capitate. Fruits capsular, 5-valved, globose, fleshy, (surrounded by persistent, fleshy calyx). Seeds 20-80+, ovoid; testa smooth. x = 11, 12, 13.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Shrubs evergreen. Stems erect, creeping, or procumbent. Leaves spirally arranged, petiolate; leaf blade serrate or rarely entire. Flower usually 5-merous, sometimes 4-merous, in axillary or terminal racemes or panicles, or solitary; bracteoles variable in position. Calyx deeply divided. Corolla usually white, urceolate, campanulate, or tubular, shallowly lobed. Stamens included; filaments flattened, usually dilated towards base; anthers oblong, dehiscing by terminal pores, with 2–4 awns or minute projections. Ovary superior or semi-inferior, with many ovules per locule. Stigma truncate. Calyx at fruiting accrescent, fleshy; capsule dehiscing loculicidally or sometimes irregularly [fruit a berry]. Seeds small, unwinged.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    GAULTHERIA L.

    Gaultheria erecta Vent., Descr. Pl. Nouv. 5, t. 5. 1800; G. subrotunda Sleumer.

    Arbustos hasta 1.2 m de alto, con tallos débilmente piloso-setosos, glabrescentes. Hojas alternas, suborbiculares, 2–4 cm de largo y 2–3.5 cm de ancho, apicalmente redondeadas o subredondeadas, punta engrosada por glándulas, base subcordado-redondeada, margen serrado denticulado; pecíolo 3–6 mm de largo. Inflorescencias axilares, racemosas, raquis 3–4.5 cm de largo, brácteas florales oblongo-elípticas, 6–9 mm de largo, pedicelos 4–5 mm de largo, grisáceo puberulentos, bibracteolados cerca de la base, bractéolas 2.5–4 mm de largo; lobos del cáliz ovados, agudos a acuminados, 2.5–3 mm de largo, marginalmente pilosos; corola urceolada, 5.5 mm de largo, pilosa, blanca; estambres 4 mm de largo, anteras con 4 aristas distales; ovario débilmente piloso. Cápsula loculicida no vista.

    Conocida en Nicaragua sólo de la colección tipo de G. subrotunda proveniente de la cima de la Isla de Ometepe (Wright s.n.); norcentro de México, Centroamérica, a lo largo de los Andes hasta el norte de Argentina y en el sureste de Brasil. Sólo un isótipo fragmentado ha sido examinado por los autores, el holótipo fue destruido en Berlín. Un género de ca 115 especies ampliamente distribuido en las regiones templadas y las montañas tropicales de ambos hemisferios y del Nuevo y Viejo Mundo.

    J.L. Luteyn. Gaultheria Linnaeus. Ericaceae Part II. The superior-ovaried genera. Fl. Neotrop. 66: 384–488. 1995.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Upright terrestrial or epiphytic shrubs, prostrate undershrubs or rarely small trees. Leaves persistent, short petiolate, usually serrate, pinnately veined. Inflorescences terminal panicles, axillary racemes or rarely solitary in the axils of the leaves; pedicels clearly articulated or jointed below the flower; bracteoles 2 or several, basal, medial or closely subtending the pedicels. Flowers with the calyx (4)5-parted, usually accrescent and becoming somewhat fleshy; corolla campanulate to urceolate, white to pinkish or reddish; stamens (8)10, the filaments distinct, basally expanded, borne on the base of the corolla, the anthers with white tissue on the abaxial side and often with 2, ascendent, terminal awns on each anther sac which open introrsely by a single apical pore; stigma obtuse or truncate, the style straight, the ovary superior or rarely partly inferior, (4)5- locular, ovules 5-10 (or many). Fruit a (4)5-valved, loculicidal capsule en- closed by the usually colored, slightly to conspicuously fleshy calyx and thus sometimes appearing superficially berrylike; seeds usually numerous, small, an- gled, and wingless.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Arbustos, terrestres o epífitos, a veces escandentes. Hojas alternas; lámina usualmente crenada o serrada, pinnadamente nervada. Infls. axilares, racemosas (en CR); brácteas florales inconspicuas, 1 por fl. Fls. con el pedicelo articulado con el cáliz, las bractéolas 2 ó varias, basales a apicales, cilioladas (en CR); cáliz con 5 lóbulos casi separados, agudos a largamente acuminados (en CR), ciliados, usualmente carnosos y acrescentes; corola urceolada o campanulada a urceolado-cilíndrica; estambres 10, ca. 1/2–2/3 tan largos como la corola, iguales entre sí, los filamentos separados; anteras usualmente con 2 aristas distales terminales y ascendentes, las tecas papiladas, dehiscentes por poros apicales introrsos, el conectivo sin espolones; túbulos ausentes; ovario súpero. Frs. capsulares, envueltos por el cáliz negro azulado (en CR), carnoso.

  • Provided by: [C].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • 5
    • ]. 

    "Fls 4–5-merous; cal closely subtended by 2 bracteoles, campanulate to saucer-shaped, deeply divided; cor tubular to campanulate, shallowly lobed; stamens included; filaments short, flat; anthers oblong, the pollen-sacs separate or nearly so, each tipped by 2 erect awns; ovary 4–5-locular, wholly or partly superior; style short, columnar; stigma truncate; capsule thin-walled, completely enclosed in the fleshy, white or colored, accrescent cal, forming a dry or mealy berry-like fr with a characteristic flavor; erect to creeping shrubs with alternate, persistent lvs and usually white fls in racemes or panicles or (in our spp.) solitary in or just above the axils. 150, widespread."

  • Provided by: [H].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    13. Gaultheria L.

    Brossaea L., Brossea Cothen., Epigaea L. sect. Brossaea (L.) DC.

    Por J.L. Luteyn.

    Arbustos erectos, subarbustos postrados, o rara vez árboles pequeños. Hojas alternas, perennes, pecioladas, generalmente coriáceas, pinnatinervias, los márgenes generalmente serrados o crenados. Inflorescencias en racimos axilares, o flores solitarias en las axilas de las hojas, éstas multibracteadas en la base; brácteas florales pequeñas; pedicelos articulados con el cáliz; bractéolas 2 avarias, basales a apicales. Flores 5-meras, sin aroma, la estivación imbricada; cáliz sinsépalo, generalmente volviéndose carnoso y acrescente; corola simpétala, urceolada a campanulada o a veces cilíndrico-urceolada; estambres 10; filamentos distintos, iguales, insertados en la base de la corola; anteras dehiscentes introrsamente por 2 poros apicales, con tejido de desintegración blanco a lo largo del conectivo y normalmente con 2 aristas terminales ascendentes en cada bolsa de la antera; ovario súpero, 5-locular, los óvulos 5-10. Frutos en cápsulas 5-valvadas, loculicidas rodeadas por el cáliz carnoso, acrescente, generalmente blanco o de un negro-azulado oscuro; semillas 1- 1.5 mm, sin alas. x =11, 12, y 13. Aprox. 115 spp. Canadá, Estados Unidos, México, Mesoamérica, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Ecuador, Perú, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Argentina, Antillas, Japón, China, hacia el sur hasta Malasia, S Australia, Nueva Zelanda.

    Bibliografía: Luteyn, J.L. Fl. Neotrop. 66: 384-488 (1995).

  • Provided by: [I].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Habit

      shrubs

    • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 4
      • ]. 

      Distribution

      Gaultheria is a genus of 150 species widespread in temperate regions and extending into the montane tropics. It occurs in both northern and southern hemispheres and in both the New and the Old World.

    • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 4
      • ]. 

      Included Species

      Synonyms

      Other Local Names

      NameLanguageCountry
      Wintergreen [For Jean-François Gaulthier, 1708-1756, botanist and physician of Québec]

       Information From

      Ericaceae
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      MBG Floras Images
      http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
      Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
      • B Missouri Botanical Garden
      Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
      Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
      • C Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora de Panama
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
      Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
      • D Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora de Nicaragua
      http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
      WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
      • E Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora of North America @ efloras.org
      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
      'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • F Flora of North America Association
      Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
      'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • G Missouri Botanical Garden
      New York Botanical Garden
      Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
      • H Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
      Flora Mesoamericana
      http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
      Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
      • I Missouri Botanical Garden
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).