Gentiana L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 227. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Gentiana L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000015502. Accessed on: 21 Sep 2021'

General Information

Herbs annual, biennial, or perennial. Rootstock with a fibrous primary root and secondary rootlets, with a stout ± fleshy or woody taproot, or with several linear-cylindric roots from a collar. Stems ascending to erect, striate or angled, in perennial species sometimes both flowering and vegetative. Leaves opposite, rarely whorled, sometimes forming a basal rosette. Inflorescences axillary or terminal, 1 to few-flowered cymes, sometimes in terminal clusters and/or axillary whorls. Flowers (4 or) 5- (or 6-8)-merous. Calyx lobes filiform to ovate, with a prominent midvein. Corolla tubular, salverform, funnelform, obconic, or urceolate, very rarely rotate; tube usually much longer than lobes; plicae between lobes. Stamens inserted on corolla tube; filaments basally ± winged; anthers free or rarely contiguous. Glands 5-10 at ovary base. Pistil sessile or on a long gynophore. Style usually short, linear, less often long and filiform; stigma lobes free or connate, recurved, usually oblong to linear, rarely expanded and rounded. Capsule cylindric to ellipsoid and wingless or narrowly obovoid to obovoid (narrowly ellipsoid in G. winchuanensis) and winged, many seeded. Seeds wingless or winged; seed coat minutely reticulate, rugose, simply areolate, or with complex spongy areolation.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    7. Gentiana L. N.v.: genciana

    Por J.S. Pringle.

    Hierbas perennes o anuales, autótrofas. Hojas sésiles, más o menos blanco-marginadas en sect. Chondrophyllae (spp. 3-6). Inflorescencia una flor solitaria o una cima densa, las cimas con un involucro subyacente y las flores individuales con brácteas apareadas subyacentes únicamente en G. laevigata. Flores actinomorfas, 5-meras; tubo del cáliz bien desarrollado, algunas veces hendido y espatáceo en G. laevigata; lobos de la corola más cortos que el tubo, alternando con apéndices salientes; estambres insertados por debajo de la 1/2 del tubo de la corola, sin apéndices, el polen en mónadas; ovario estipitado, el estilo corto o indistinto, persistente, los estigmas 2; nectarios en el estípite del ovario. Cápsulas comprimidas, ovoides a cortamente ovoides; cubierta de la semilla reticulada, alada en sect. Pneumonanthe (spp. 1-2). Aprox. 450 spp. Canadá, Estados Unidos, México, Mesoamérica, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Perú, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, Eurasia, NO. África, y Australia; en regiones tropicales restringida a grandes altitudes.

    Bibliografía: Pringle, J.S. Sida 7: 174-217 (1977); 8: 14-33 (1979).

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Included Species

     Information From

    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Gentianaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).