Shrubs [trees], monoecious [dioecious], hairy [glabrous], hairs simple; branching phyllanthoid. Leaves deciduous [persistent], alternate, simple, scalelike on main stems, well developed on ultimate branchlets; stipules persistent; blade margins entire. Inflorescences unisexual or bisexual, fascicles [cymules], proximal mostly or entirely staminate, distal mostly or entirely pistillate. Pedicels present [absent]. Staminate flowers: sepals [5–]6, distinct; petals 0; nectary absent; stamens 3–4[–8]; filaments and anthers connate; connectives extending beyond anthers as deltoid appendages; pistillode absent. Pistillate flowers: sepals persistent, 6, distinct; petals 0; nectary absent; pistil [3–]5–10[–15]-carpellate; styles [3–]5–10[–15], connate nearly to apex, unbranched. Fruits capsules. Seeds 2 per locule, rounded-trigonous [ellipsoid]; seed coat ± fleshy, smooth; caruncle absent. x = 13, 16.
Trees or shrubs, monoecious, rarely dioecious; indumentum of simple hairs, often absent. Leaves alternate, distichous, or spiral; stipules thick, mostly persistent; petiole short; leaf blade simple, margin entire, venation pinnate. Flowers axillary or supra-axillary, fascicled or in short cymes or umbels, proximal axils with male flowers, distal axils usually with female flowers, usually distinctly pedicellate. Male flowers: pedicels slender or almost absent; sepals 5 or 6, imbricate; petals absent; disk absent; stamens 3-8, connate into an oblong or ellipsoid column, shorter than sepals; anthers 2-locular, extrorse, linear, longitudinally dehiscent, connectives prolonged into an erect acumen; pistillode absent. Female flowers: pedicels stout and short or subsessile; sepals as in male, but slightly thicker; ovary globose, 3-15-locular; ovules 2 per locule; styles connate into a short, thick, cylindric column, apex lobed or toothed, rarely free. Fruit a capsule, globose or depressed globose, ± prominently longitudinally grooved, sunken at apex, dehiscent into 3-15 2-valved cocci when mature, rarely unlobed; exocarp leathery or papery; endocarp crustaceous; styles usually persistent. Seeds not strophiolate, hemispheric or laterally compressed; endosperm fleshy; cotyledon flattened.
|Needlebush, cheesetree [Greek glochis, projecting point or barb on an arrowhead, and -idion, smaller or little, alluding to pointed extension of anther connectives]|