Glycine 


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Glycine . Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000015845. Accessed on: 25 Oct 2021'

General Information

Annual or perennial herbs, twining, climbing, creeping or erect. Roots herbaceous or almost woody, usually with nodules. Leaves pinnately 3(-7)-foliolate; stipules small, free, usually deciduous. Inflorescence axillary, racemose; flowers solitary or clustered at nodes. Bracts small, at peduncle base; bracteoles paired, at calyx base. Calyx membranous, campanulate, hairy, deeply 2-lipped; upper 2 lobes connate, lower 3 lanceolate to setiform. Corolla usually purple, light purple, or white, slightly longer than calyx, glabrous; petals long clawed; standard large, subcircular or obovate, with inconspicuous auricles; wings narrow, slightly connate with keels; keels shorter than wings, obtuse, apex untwisted. Stamens diadelphous; vexillary stamen partly joined to others; anthers uniform. Ovary subsessile; ovules many; style ± filiform, slightly inflexed, glabrous or shortly pubescent; stigma terminal, capitate. Legume stipitate, linear or oblong, straight or curved, dehiscent, valves coiling after dehiscent, compressed or slightly inflated, septate between seeds. Seeds 1-5, ovoid-oblong, almost oblate-tetragonal, oblate, or orbicular.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
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    Morphology

    Pod linear or oblong, subcylindrical or compressed, straight or falcate, ± thinly septate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Ovary several-many-ovuled; style short, slender but not filiform, slightly incurved; stigma small, terminal, capitate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Vexillary stamen joined to others or sometimes becoming free with age; anthers uniform

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Standard obovate, rhomboid or round, slightly auriculate at the base, glabrous

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Calyx 5-lobed, somewhat 2-lipped; the upper pair of lobes joined, often almost for their entire length

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Flowers small, white to blue or purplish

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Inflorescences racemose or falsely racemose, axillary, the flowers sometimes fascicled along the rhachis, more rarely terminal and paniculate, or flowers solitary or in sessile axillary fascicles

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Leaves pinnately or, in 3 Australian species, digitately 3-foliolate; stipules small, deciduous; stipels present

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Perennial twining or procumbent herbs or in the case of G. max (L.) Merrill an annual erect herb

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Seeds ovoid-oblong or subglobose; hilum short, lateral, with a small scale-like aril.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Herbes'volubiles ou petites lianes à souche vivace souvent épaisse.'Feuilles'3-foliolées pennées, rarement 5- ou 1-foliotées, stipellées.'Inflorescences'en racèmes ± développés, parfois paniculées.'Fleurs'petites, 2-bractéolées sous le calice qui a 5 dents, les 2 supérieures ± soudées entre elles; corolle dépassant peu le calice, à étendard suborbiculaire, obovale ou en forme de violon; étamines incluses, le plus souvent monadelphes, toutes fertiles et isomorphes; ovaire pluriovulé; style ± renflé, ne dépassant pas les étamines; stigmate à peine capité, glabre, entouré par les anthères; disque peu développé.'Gousses'linéaires, étroites, à valves s'enroulant en spirale, ± nettement cloisonnées entre les graines.'Graines petites, ovales, à hile latéral court, sans arille.\n\t\t\t\tGenre pantropical comportant quelques 60 espèces dont 10 environ en Afrique et 5 au Congo belge, plusieurs longtemps confondues avec celles des 2 genres suivants. Une de nos espèces,'G. javanica L. a été l'objet de nombreux désaccords : polymorphe et très abondante dans certains districts, souvent en terrain modifié par l'homme, elle ne semble cependant jouer qu'un rôle très secondaire dans les associations.\n\t\t\t\t\n\t\t\t\t\t G. soja (L.) Sieb. et Zucc., aux innombrables variétés et multiples usages en Asie orientale d'où elle est originaire, n'a pas pris en Afrique tropicale, malgré de nombreuses tentatives, l'importance que la grande valeur alimentaire de ses graines (richesse en protides et lipides) semblait devoir lui conférer.

  • Provided by: [D].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 6
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      Bibliography

     Information From

    Fabaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • D http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).