Guettarda L.
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 991. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Guettarda L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000016337. Accessed on: 29 Oct 2020'

General Information

Shrubs or trees, sometimes polygamo-dioecious, unarmed. Raphides absent. Leaves opposite or rarely ternate, decussate, usually with domatia; tertiary and/or quaternary venation often arranged in regular, often small rectangles or squares; stipules caducous, interpetiolar, generally triangular. Inflorescences axillary, cymose with axes often markedly dichotomous or scorpioid, several to many flowered, pedunculate with peduncle usually elongated [to sessile], bracts reduced [to well developed]. Flowers sessile to shortly pedicellate, unisexual or bisexual and monomorphic or at least sometimes distylous, sweetly fragrant. Calyx limb tubular or subcampanulate, truncate or irregularly denticulate. Corolla white or pink, salverform with tube infrequently curved, glabrous to variously pubescent inside; lobes 4-9, obtuse, imbricate (and quincuncial) in bud. Stamens 4-9, inserted in corolla tube, included; filaments short or reduced; anthers dorsifixed. Ovary 4-9-celled, ovules 1 in each cell, pendulous from apical placentas, anatropous, with funicle thickened; stigma capitate, included. Fruit red, purple, black, or rarely green, drupaceous, thinly fleshy, oblate (i.e., depressed globose), ellipsoid, or subglobose, with calyx limb persistent; pyrene 1, 4-9-celled with 1 seed in each cell, oblate, ellipsoid, or subglobose, often 4-9-angled or -grooved, with preformed germination pore at apex of each cell; seeds medium-sized, ellipsoid, straight or curved; testa membranous; endosperm absent or scanty; embryo cylindrical or compressed; cotyledons small; radicle ascending.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    55. Guettarda L.

    Tournefortiopsis Rusby

    Por C.M. Taylor y D.H. Lorence.

    Arbolitos,arbustos o algunas veces lianas terrestres, inermes o rara vez con espinaspareadas, las flores bisexuales. Hojas opuestas, isofilas, enteras, algunasveces con domacios en las axilas abaxiales de las nervaduras secundarias;nervadura menor fina y regularmente organizada en aréolas pero no lineolada;estípulas interpeciolares e infrecuente yparcialmente intrapeciolares, triangulares, erguidas, persistentes ocaducas, aparentemente valvar-induplicadas, imbricadas o contortas, en elinterior glabras a estrigosas. Inflorescencias axilares, cimosas y con frecuencia marcadamente dicasiales oescorpioides o algunas veces subcapitadas, pedunculadas a sésiles,paucifloras a multifloras, bracteadas o las brácteas reducidas. Flores sésilesa brevemente pediceladas, distilas o posiblemente homostilas, fragantes; limbocalicino (1 en G.quadrifida)2-6(-9)-lobado o truncado, sin calicofilos; corola hipocraterimorfa a tubular, blanca a rosada o amarillenta, en el interiorglabra a estrigulosa, los lobos (4)5-6(-9), imbricados (i.e.,quincunciales), los márgenes a veces crespos; estambres (4)5-6(-9), las anterasdorsifijas en el 1/2 o cerca de la base, sésiles o subsésiles, incluidas oparcialmente exertas; estigmas 2-9, subcapitados o elípticos a lineares; ovario2-9-locular, los óvulos 1 por lóculo, apicales y péndulos. Frutos en drupas,subglobosas, elipsoidales o fusiformes, suculentas o carnosas, rojas o moradasa negras; pireno 1, 2-9-locular, subgloboso o elipsoidal a cilíndrico; semillascilíndricas a elipsoidales. 80 spp. América tropical, sureste de Asia,Madagascar.

    Los frutos devarias especies tienen cavidades y tejidos suberosos en el exocarpo blando y/odentro de los pirenos leñosos, y parecen estar adaptados para dispersión por elagua (hidrocoria). Guettardaes similar a Chomelia y con frecuencia es confundida con estegénero. Estos géneros se distinguen por la prefloración de las corolas, la corolavalvar con 4 lobos en Chomelia vs. la corola quincuncial casi siempre con 5lobos en Guettarda,y por lo general el arreglo de la nervadura terciaria, lineolada o inconspicuaen Chomelia vs. la disposición regularmente areoladapero no lineolada en Guettarda.No se ha observado la corola en C. rudisni tampoco en C.grandicarpa,y posiblemente estas especies pertenezcan a Guettarda; se tratan en Chomelia provisoriamente basándose en la similitudgeneral con algunas especies de Chomeliay la nervadura terciaria inconspicua. Guettarda también es similar a Stenostomum, género con el cual algunas veces seconfunde. Stenostomum se diferencia por tener los ápices de lasramitas resinosos y los pirenos con varios lóculos s

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Mesoamericana
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    GUETTARDA L.

    Arbustos o árboles; plantas hermafroditas o a veces poligamodioicas. Hojas opuestas, a veces con la nervadura menor lineolada, a veces con domacios; estípulas interpeciolares, triangulares, agudas a acuminadas, caducas, imbricadas o convolutas. Inflorescencias axilares, en cimas frecuentemente dicasiales, generalmente bracteadas, flores homostilas, fragantes, sésiles; limbo calicino generalmente truncado; corola hipocrateriforme, externamente glabra a serícea, blanca a roja, lobos 5, imbricados a quincunciales, con márgenes a veces crispados; ovario 2–9-locular, óvulo 1 por lóculo. Fruto drupáceo, elipsoide a oblato, carnoso, morado a negro; pireno 1, 2–9-locular.

    Género con unas 60–80 especies neotropicales y paleotropicales; 4 especies en Nicaragua. Género afín a Chomelia, que se distingue por sus lobos corolinos valvares y pirenos 2-loculares y a veces por sus espinas.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
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    Trees or shrubs. Leaves occasionally ternate, usually petiolate; stipules de- ciduous. Inflorescences axillary, cymose, the flowers occasionally solitary, usu- ally secundly disposed or congested; bracteoles present or absent. Flowers with the hypanthium ovoid or globose, the calycine cup tubular, cupular or campan- ulate, truncate, edentate or 2-9-toothed; corolla funnelform or salverform, the tube elongate, the lobes 4-9, imbricate, 2 of them exterior; stamens 4-9, inserted in the tube, the anthers slender, dorsifixed, included, the filaments frequently wanting; style slender, the stigmas capitate or 2-lobed, the ovary 2-9-celled, the ovules 1 per cell, pendulous. Fruits drupaceous, globose, ovoid or oblong, thinly carnose, usually with a fine velvety indumentum, often acutely angular, the pu- tamen ligneous or bony, the testa membranous.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
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    Morphology

    Leaves opposite or rarely ternate, petiolate; stipules interpetiolar or intrapetiolar, simple, persistent or soon falling, free or connate

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Calyx shortly tubular, globose or ovoid, the limb truncate or 2–9-toothed

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Flowers hermaphrodite or polygamo-dioecious, showing limited heterostyly, (4–)5–6(–9) even 11-merous, usually sessile, mostly secundly arranged in axillary pedunculate apically dichotomously branched inflorescences or rarely solitary or in groups of 2–3; bracteoles present or absent

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Corolla white, yellowish or red to reddish purple, salver-shaped; throat glabrous or nearly so; lobes imbricate or subvalvate, the margins often wavy or crenulate

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Stamens 4–9, inserted in the throat, included; anthers sessile or nearly so, dorsifixed

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Ovary 2–9-locular; ovules solitary, pendulous; style slender; stigma ± capitate, slightly bifid

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Fruit globose or subglobose, ± fleshy or fibrous with woody or bony endocarp, 2–9-locular, containing 2–9 pyrenes

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Seeds with little or no endosperm.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Trees or shrubs, the branches in some species armed with spines (not in Old World)

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Ovary 2–9-locular; ovules solitary, pendulous; style slender; stigma ± capitate, slightly bifid.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Fruit globose or subglobose, ± fleshy or fibrous with a woody or bony endocarp, 2–9-locular, containing 2–9 pyrenes.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Corolla white, yellowish or red to reddish-purple, salver-shaped; throat glabrous or nearly so; lobes imbricate or subvalvate, the margins often wavy or crenulate.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Stamens (4)–9, inserted in the throat, included; anthers sessile or nearly so, dorsifixed.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Flowers hermaphrodite or polygamo-dioecious, showing limited heterostyly, (4)5–6(9)- or even 11-merous, usually sessile, mostly secundly arranged in axillary pedunculate apically dichotomously branched inflorescences or rarely solitary or in groups of 2–3; bracteoles present or absent.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Calyx shortly tubular, globose or ovoid, the limb truncate or 2–9-toothed.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Trees or shrubs, the branches in some species armed with spines (not in Old World).

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Leaves opposite or rarely ternate, petiolate; stipules simple, persistent or soon falling, free but overlapping each other at apex.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Trees or shrubs

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    a genus of about 80 species, occurs throughout tropical America. It also occurs in New Caledonia (fide Willis 1966).

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Included Species

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Rubiaceae
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).