Hovenia Thunb.
  • Nov. Gen. Pl. 1: 7–8. 1781.
  • Raisin tree [For David Hoven, 1724–1787, Dutch senator and botanical patron]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Hovenia Thunb. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000018346. Accessed on: 22 Oct 2021'

General Information

Deciduous trees or rarely shrubs, to 25 m tall. Young branches often pilose or tomentose. Leaves alternate, long petiolate, 3-veined from base, primary vein with 4-8 pairs of secondary veins, leaf base ± oblique, margin serrate. Flowers white or yellow-green, bisexual, 5-merous, in terminal or axillary, cymose panicles. Calyx tube hemispherical; lobes triangular, adaxially ± distinctly keeled. Petals elliptic to ovate, shortly clawed at base, rarely slightly emarginate apically, often ± completely enfolding stamens, ± widely reflexed during anthesis. Stamens enfolded by petals; filaments lanceolate-linear; anthers dorsifixed. Disk subrounded, thick, fleshy, often ± densely pubescent, rarely glabrous, filling calyx tube. Ovary semi-inferior, nearly completely immersed in disk, 3-loculed, with 1 ovule per locule; style 2- or 3-fid, ± deeply branched. Drupe subglobose, glabrous to densely hairy, base with persistent calyx tube, apex with rudimentary style; mesocarp leathery, often separating from membranous endocarp; peduncles and pedicels of infructescence becoming distinctly fleshy and juicy at fruit maturity. Seeds 3, brownish to blackish, shiny, oblate to orbicular, often spotted with minute pits.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Trees [shrubs], unarmed; bud scales present. Leaves deciduous, alternate; blade not gland-dotted; pinnately veined, basal pair of secondary veins more prominent. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, compound dichasia (appearing repeatedly dichotomously branched); peduncles and pedicels becoming fleshy [not fleshy] in fruit. Pedicels present. Flowers bisexual; hypanthium hemispheric, 2–3 mm wide; sepals 5, spreading, white, ovate-triangular to triangular, keeled adaxially; petals 5, white or yellow-green, inrolled full length, elliptic to ovate, short-clawed; nectary fleshy, filling hypanthium; stamens 5; ovary 1/2-inferior, 3-locular; styles 2–3, connate basally. Fruits capsules, appearing drupaceous, tardily dehiscent, exocarp sloughing off from leathery mesocarp prior to dehiscence.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCE Koller, G. L. and J. H. Alexander. 1979. The raisin tree—its use, hardiness and size. Arnoldia (Jamaica Plain) 39: 6–15.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Raisin tree [For David Hoven, 1724–1787, Dutch senator and botanical patron]

     Information From

    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Flora of North America Association
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Rhamnaceae
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).