Hymenocallis Salisb.
  • Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 338. 1812.
  • Spider-lily [Greek hymên, membrane, and kallos, beauty, in reference to the corona]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Hymenocallis Salisb. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000018643. Accessed on: 21 Sep 2021'

General Information

Herbs, perennial, scapose, from bulbs. Bulb 1, ovoid or globose, tunicate, often extending into neck of clasping, distichous leaf bases. Leaves 2–16, deciduous or evergreen, sessile, rarely petiolate; blade narrowly to widely liguliform or oblanceolate, rarely ovate to elliptic. Scape: bracts 2–3, triangular, ovate, or lanceolate. Inflorescences umbellate, bracteate; each flower with subtending, often narrowly lanceolate bract. Flowers 1–16, usually sessile, erect or slightly diverging, large and starlike, fragrant; perianth connate basally into short or long tube, surmounted by conspicuous staminal corona; tepals extending from base of corona, free portions reflexed or ascending, often distally recurved, linear; stamens adnate basally into showy funnelform or rotate corona, margins between free portions of filaments often dentate or lacerate, portions of filaments inserted on margin of corona, erect to incurved, filiform; anthers versatile, introrse, pollen yellow, often golden, or orange; ovary inferior, globose, ovoid, oblong, or pyriform, ovules 2–10 per locule; style exserted beyond stamens, deflexed laterally, filiform; stigma capitate. Fruits capsular, green, subglobose to elongate, 3-locular, large, leathery. Seeds large, green, fleshy. x = 20, 23.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    HYMENOCALLIS Salisb.

    Hymenocallis littoralis (Jacq.) Salisb., Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 338. 1812; Pancratium littorale Jacq.; P. americanum Mill.; H. panamensis Lindl.

    Hierbas bulbíferas, escaposas; bulbos solitarios o agrupados, tunicados, 7–10 cm de diámetro. Hojas basales, planas, 60–80 cm de largo y 2–4 (–7) cm de ancho, agudas, sésiles. Escapo sólido, algo comprimido, 30–60 cm de largo; inflorescencia una umbela terminal con 4–8 flores, brácteas 2–4, lanceoladas, 5–7 cm de largo, flores sésiles, actinomorfas; perianto hipocrateriforme, el tubo recto o ligeramente curvado, 10–25 cm de largo, los lobos 6, lineares, subiguales, reflexos, 9–12 cm de largo, blancos; estambres 6, filamentos connados en la base formando una pseudocorona cupular 2–2.5 cm de largo y 3–3.5 cm de diámetro, las partes libres 4.5–5.5 cm de largo, filiformes, insertadas en el margen irregularmente dentado de la pseudocorona, anteras dorsifijas, introrsas, longitudinalmente dehiscentes, lineares, ca 12 mm de largo; ovario ínfero, 3-locular, óvulos 4–6 en cada lóculo, estilo solitario, terminal, filiforme, estigma capitado. Fruto una cápsula carnosa, tardíamente dehiscente; semillas angulares, negras.

    Común, pantanos de agua salobre y manglares, ampliamente cultivada y naturalizada, en todo el país; 3–1100 m; fl mar–nov, fr mar–abr, sep–nov; Stevens 20703, 21771; México a Sudamérica, ampliamente cultivada, naturalizada en Africa. Género con 40 especies de América tropical y templada.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    "Perianth tubular at base, with narrow elongate segments; corona conspicuous, membranous, connecting the filaments and apparently bearing the stamens on its margin; ovary inferior, with 2 ovules in each of the 3 locules; style slender, elongate; perennial scapose herbs from a coated bulb, with long, sessile basal lvs and a terminal umbel of large, white, sessile fls subtended by scarious bracts. 50, warm Amer."

  • Provided by: [E].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Feuilles'spiralées, le plus souvent pétiolées, elliptiques à étroitement elliptiques.'Ombelle'à pédoncule central, 1-∞-flore; spathes nombreuses.'Fleurs'sessiles, actinomorphes, dressées; tépales soudés en un tube longuement filiforme; lobes subégaux; étamines subégales, unisériées, insérées sur le tube du périgone, unies à la base en une couronne subentière; filets filiformes; anthères versatiles; ovaire à 1-5(-8) ovules par loge; style filiforme; stigmates capites.'Capsules'à déhiscence souvent irrégulière.'Graines globuleuses à anguleuses.\n\t\t\t\tGenre américain groupant 27 espèces dont 1 cultivée et naturalisée en Afrique.

  • Provided by: [D].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Flory, W. S. 1976. Distribution, chromosome numbers and types of various species and taxa of Hymenocallis. Nucleus (Calcutta) 19: 204–227. Flory, W. S. 1978. Known distributions of Hymenocallis Salisbury in North and Middle America and the West Indies. Pl. Life 34: 47–59. Morton, C. V. 1935. A check list of the bulbous Amaryllidaceae native to the United States. Year Book Amer. Amaryllis Soc. 2: 80–83. Sealy, J. R. 1954. Review of the genus Hymenocallis. Kew Bull. 1954: 201–240. Shinners, L. H. 1951. The north Texas species of Hymenocallis (Amaryllidaceae). Field & Lab. 19: 102–104. Traub, H. P. 1962. Key to the subgenera, alliances and species of Hymenocallis. Pl. Life 18: 55–72.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Spider-lily [Greek hymên, membrane, and kallos, beauty, in reference to the corona]

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Amaryllidaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • D http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • E Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).