Ipomoea L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 159. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Ipomoea L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000019160. Accessed on: 29 May 2020'

General Information

9. Ipomoea L., N.v.: Campanilla, churristate

Batatas Choisy, Calboa Cav., Calonyction Choisy, Exogonium Choisy, Mina Cerv., Pharbitis Choisy, Quamoclit Moench

Por D.F. Austin, J.A. McDonald y G. Murguía-Sánchez.

Trepadoras, bejucos, árboles, arbustos o hierbas erectas, con savia normalmente lechosa, perennes o menos frecuentemente anuales. Hojas simples, enteras o lobadas, generalmente con la base cordata y el ápice acuminado, rara vez compuestas, glabras o pubescentes. Inflorescencias axilares, solitarias o en dicasios y/o monocasios compuestos; pedúnculos secundarios con brácteas escuamiformes, lineares, lanceoladas, glabras o pilosas. Flores 1-numerosas; sépalos 5, persistentes, imbricados, variables en forma, tamaño y textura, lisos u ornamentados, glabros, piloso-adpresos o hirsutos, los márgenes enteros, el ápice agudo, obtuso, atenuado, o emarginado; corola campanulada, infundibuliforme (con forma de embudo) o hipocraterimorfa (con forma de trompeta) a tubular, blanca, rosada, roja, morada, azul o rara vez amarilla; estambres 5, incluidos o excluidos, insertos cerca de la base del tubo de la corola, rectos, pubescencia de pelos glandulares, las anteras oblongas a sagitadas, rectas, polen porado; estilo 1, filiforme, blanco, glabro, con el estigma capitado, escasamente o claramente bilobulado. Frutos en cápsulas, dehiscentes, globosas, más o menos cónicas, redondeadas, de color pardo, pajizo, o gris, 4-6-valvares, 2-4-loculares, las valvas generalmente 4, la dehiscencia valvar o rara vez irregular, lisas, glabras o pubescentes; semillas 1-4(-6), grisáceas, pardas o negras, redondeadas u oblongas a piriformes, angulosas, 0-3 ángulos, lisas, glabras, puberulentas o lanosas. Aprox. 600 spp. Trópicos.

En América se registran más de 300 spp. Ipomoea representa la mayoría de la variación que se encuentra en la familia, sobre todo si son bejucos con hojas cordatas y flores rosadas, rojas, azules o moradas. La mayoría de las especies tienen brácteas en forma de escamas y estas típicamente no sirven para distinguir las especies; se hace mención de las brácteas solamente cuando sirven para distinguir las especies.

Bibliografía: Austin, D.F. J. Torrey Bot. Soc.124: 140-159 (1997). Austin, D.F. y Bianchini, R.S. Taxon 47: 833-838 (1998). Austin, D.F. y Huamán, Z. Taxon 45: 3-38 (1996). Burks, K.C. y Austin, D.F. Sida 18: 1267-1272 (1999). McDonald, J.A. Brenesia 28: 41-87 (

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    • ]. 

    Herbs or shrubs, often twining, sometimes prostrate, erect, or floating. Leaves petiolate, entire, lobed, or divided. Inflorescences mostly axillary, cymose, 1- to many flowered, rarely paniculate; bracts various. Flowers small to large. Sepals persistent, equal to unequal, ± enlarged in fruit. Corolla variously colored, rarely yellow, funnelform, campanulate, or salverform; limb 5-lobed to entire, midpetaline bands well defined. Stamens included or exserted; filaments filiform, usually unequal, dilated and pubescent basally; anthers ovate or linear, longitudinally dehiscent, not twisted; pollen globular, pantoporate, finely spiny. Disc ringlike. Ovary 2-4-loculed, 4- or 6-ovuled. Style 1, filiform, included or exserted; stigma capitate, or 2- or 3-globulose. Capsule globose or ovoid, 4- or 6-valved. Seeds 4(-6) or fewer, glabrous or pubescent.

  • Provided by: [K].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    IPOMOEA L.; Quamoclit Moench; Batatas Choisy; Pharbitis Choisy; Calonyction Choisy; Exogonium Choisy

    Trepadoras, lianas, arbustos o árboles, con frecuencia volubles, a veces erectas a postradas o flotantes. Hojas enteras, lobadas, divididas o raramente compuestas, glabras o pubescentes. Inflorescencias cimosas a cimoso-compuestas, raramente paniculadas, o flores solitarias; sépalos herbáceos o coriáceos, variables en forma y tamaño, glabros o pubescentes; corola pequeña a grande, infundibuliforme a campanulada, tubular o hipocrateriforme, purpúrea, roja, rosada, blanca o amarilla, limbo ligeramente lobado, raras veces profundamente lobado, área entre los pliegues bien definida mediante 2 nervios; estambres incluidos o exertos, filamentos filiformes, generalmente de diferentes tamaños, polen pantoporado, globoso, espinuloso; ovario generalmente 2–4-locular, 4-ovulado, menos frecuentemente 3-locular, 6-ovulado, glabro o pubescente, estilo 1, filiforme, incluido o exerto, estigma capitado. Frutos capsulares, globosos a ovoides, 4–6-valvados o raramente con dehiscencia irregular; semillas 1–4 (–6), glabras o pubescentes.

    Género principalmente pantropical con ca 600 especies, algunas de las cuales se encuentran en las zonas templadas; 43 especies se encuentran en Nicaragua y 4 adicionales se esperan encontrar.

    D.F. Austin y Z. Huáman. A synopsis of Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) in the Americas. Taxon 45: 3–38. 1996; D.F. Austin. Dissolution of Ipomoea series Anisomerae (Convolvulaceae). J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 124: 140–159. 1997.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 14
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    Vines, shrubs or trees, usually twining, sometimes prostrate or floating. Leaves mostly petiolate, often variable in shape and size on the same plant, entire, lobed, divided, or rarely compound, the petiole occasionally with pseudostipules. Flowers mostly in axillary 1- to many-flowered dichasia, rarely paniculate; sepals herbaceous or subcoriaceous, variable in size and shape, glabrous or pubescent, often somewhat enlarged in fruit; corolla small to large, regular, or rarely slightly zygomorphic, mostly funnelform or campanulate, less often tubular or salverform, purple, red, pink, white, or yellow, the limb shallowly or rarely deeply lobed, the interplicae well defined by 2 distinct nerves; stamens included or rarely ex- serted, the filaments filiform, often triangular-dilated at the base, mostly un- equal in length; the pollen pantoporate, globose, spinulose; ovary usually 2- or

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
  • sometimes 4-locular, 4-ovulate, rarely 3-locular, 6-ovulate, glabrous or pubescent, the style simple, filiform, included or rarely exserted, the stigma capitate, entire or often 2(-3)-globose. Fruits globose or ovoid capsules, mostly 4(-6)-valved or rarely splitting irregularly; seeds 4, (6, or less), glabrous or pubescent.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
  • Bejucos o lianas, raramente hierbas erectas o arbustos, a menudo con savia lechosa. Hojas simples o (I. wrightii) palmadamente compuestas, básicamente ovadas a orbiculares, generalmente cordadas en la base, acuminadas y mucronatas en el ápice, cuando simples no lobuladas o lobuladas, de otra forma enteras o (rara vez) inconspicua e irregularmente dentadas a sinuado-lobuladas, glabras o pubescentes en ambas caras con tricomas simples, a veces con puntos negros. Infls. cimosas o de 1 fl. solitaria. Fls. con los sépalos separados, ± iguales o desiguales, variables en el ápice, glabros o pubescentes; corola blanca a amarilla (raramente) o rosada a azul o morada o roja, tubular, campanulada o en forma de embudo o trompeta, subentera a lobulada  casi hasta el tubo, glabra o pubescente; estambres incluidos o exertos; anteras rectas; estilo 1, simple; estigma 1, ± globoso (pero 2 ó 3-lobulado). Frs. capsulares, 4–6-valvados; semillas 1–4, blancas a grises o (mucho más frecuente) café claro a negras, glabras o pubescentes.

  • Provided by: [J].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
  • "Sep 5, imbricate, often unequal; cor funnelform to campanulate or salverform, the margin entire, angled, or shallowly lobed; ovary 1–3-locular, with 2 ovules per locule, or sometimes 4-locellar by the development of partitions between the ovules; style 1, elongate; stigma entire or 2–3-lobed; capsule 2–4-valved; ours twining herbs with broad, cordate or lobed lvs and handsome fls produced singly or few together at the summit of axillary peduncles. 600+, cosmop. (Pharbitis, Quamoclit)"

  • Provided by: [F].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
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    Morphology

    Annual, biennial or perennial herbs or shrubs; stems woody or herbaceous, prostrate, twining or erect

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Corolla regular, usually funnel-shaped, rarely trumpet-shaped, the limb sometimes salver-shaped, usually not conspicuously lobed, variously coloured

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Pollen spinose or spinulose (Fig. 22/8, p. 131)

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Ovary 2-, 3-, 4- or rarely 5-locular, usually 4-ovuled, rarely 6–10–ovuled.; style filiform; stigma biglobular

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Capsule ovoid or globose, 3–10–valved

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Indumentum in the African species never stellate

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Leaves exceedingly variable, entire or lobed, simple or rarely compound; pseudo-stipules sometimes present

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Flowers axillary, solitary or in few- to many-flowered cymes, sometimes aggregated at the apices of shoots or enclosed in an involucre

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Sepals very variable in size and shape, often unequal, foliaceous to coriaceous

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Seeds usually 4 (rarely 3 or up to 10), glabrous, pubescent or clothed (sometimes only partly) with very long hairs.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Annuals, biennials or perennials, herbaceous, suffruticose or sometimes woody plants.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Leaves petioleate or rarely sessile exceedingly variable in shape and size, entire or lobed to deeply divided, simple or rarely compound; pseudo-stipules sometimes present.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Stems woody or herbaceous, usually twining or prostrate, sometimes erect.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Disk annular.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
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    Ovary 2-3-4, or rarely 5-locular, usually 4-ovuled, rarely with 6–10 ovules; style filiform, included to exserted; stigma 2-globular.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Flowers axillary, solitary or in few to many-flowered cymes, sometimes aggregated at the apices of shoots pseudo-capitate, or enclosed in an involucre or in cymes, rarely forming a terminal leafy panicle; peduncles short or long, rarely almost nil; pedicels usually distinct, rarely almost nil; bracts and bracteoles various, sometimes leafy, free or forming an involucre.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Sepals 5, very variable in size and shape, often unequal, membranaceous to coriaceous, persistent, often more or less enlarged in fruit.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Corolla usually regular, rarely faintly zygomorphic, usually funnel-shaped or the tube somewhat campanulate, sometimes hypocrateriform, usually not conspicuously lobed, variously coloured.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Stamens 5, usually unequal, inserted near the base of the corolla tube, subincluded or sometimes exserted; filaments filiform or somewhat linear, often dilated and hairy or papillate at the base; anthers ovate to linear; pollen globose, spinose or spinulose.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Capsule globose to avoid, 3–10-valved.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Seeds usually 4 (rarely less by abortion or up to 10), glabrous, pubescent or clothed (sometimes only partly) with very long hairs.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Vines, shrubs or trees

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
  • Distribution

    This is the largest genus-complex in the family with about 500 species widely distributed in the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
  • Included Species

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Convolvulaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • F Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • H
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • J Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • K Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • L CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).