Jasminum L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 7. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • jasmine jasmin


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Jasminum L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000019529. Accessed on: 21 Sep 2021'

General Information

Trees or erect or scandent shrubs, evergreen or deciduous. Branchlets terete or angular and grooved. Leaves opposite or alternate, rarely whorled, simple, 3-foliolate, or odd-pinnate; petiole usually articulated. Inflorescences basically cymose, in panicles, racemes, corymbs, umbels, or heads; bracts subulate or linear, sometimes leafy. Flowers bisexual, usually heterostylous, usually fragrant. Calyx campanulate, cupular, or funnelform, 4-16-lobed. Corolla white or yellow, rarely red or purple, salverform or funnelform; lobes 4-16, imbricate in bud, sometimes doubled in cultivation. Stamens 2, included, inserted about middle of corolla tube; filaments short; anthers dorsifixed, introrse. Ovules 1 or 2 in each locule. Style filiform; stigma capitate or 2-lobed. Fruit a berry, didymous or one half aborted. Seeds without endosperm; radicle downward.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
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    6. Jasminum L. N.v.: Jazmín.

    Por P.S Green.

    Enredaderas leñosas o trepadoras, raramente arbustos erectos, perennifolios, bisexuales. Hojas opuestas o raramente alternas, generalmente cartáceas, simples, 3-folioladas o imparipinnadas; márgenes generalmente enteros. Inflorescencias cimosas, paucifloras a multifloras, paniculadas o subumbeladas, generalmente terminales en las ramas. Flores bisexuales, blancas, o raramente amarillas o rojas, generalmente fragantes, heterostilas. Cáliz pequeño, con 5-9 lobos inconspicuos a linear-filiformes. Corola simpétala, hipocraterimorfa; lobos 5 o más, imbricados en la yema. Estambres 2, incluidos dentro del tubo de la corola; anteras oblongas, el conectivo generalmente prolongado en un corto apéndice obtuso. Ovario con 2 óvulos basales por lóculo; estilo terminal, alargado; estigma terminal, casi linear, 2-lobado o más o menos unidos. Fruto en baya dídima carnosa, frecuentemente una por aborto, negra o negro-purpúrea cuando madura. Aprox. 200 spp. Nativa en los trópicos y regiones semicálidas del Viejo Mundo. Ampliamente cultivada por sus flores fragantes y ocasionalmente naturalizada en el Nuevo Mundo.

    Además de las especies consideradas, otras son ocasionalmente cultivadas, p. ej., Jasminum dichotomum Vahl y J. laurifolium Roxb.

    Bibliografía: Green, P.S. Baileya 13: 137-172 (1965).

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Mesoamericana
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    JASMINUM L.

    Arbustos generalmente escandentes, rara vez erectos, siempreverdes; plantas hermafroditas. Hojas opuestas (en Nicaragua), simples, trifoliadas o imparipinnadas, márgenes generalmente enteros (en Nicaragua). Inflorescencias terminales o axilares, cimosas o flores solitarias; cáliz pequeño, tubular o campanulado, lobos o dientes 5–7 (–numerosos); corola simpétala, hipocrateriforme, blanca o a veces amarilla o roja, lobos 5–numerosos, imbricados, oblongos (en Nicaragua); estambres 2, incluidos; estilo alargado. Fruto una baya carnosa rara vez formada, dídima, a menudo uno de los lobos abortados, negra o morado-negra cuando madura.

    Género con ca 200 especies, nativo de los trópicos y regiones cálido-templadas del Viejo Mundo, extensamente cultivado y a veces naturalizado en América por sus flores fragantes; 4 especies se encuentran cultivadas y tal vez escapan en Nicaragua. Otras especies cultivadas en Centroamérica y posiblemente en Nicaragua son: J. mesnyi Hance (hojas trifoliadas, flores amarillas, solitarias y axilares), J. laurifolium Roxb. (hojas simples, elípticas, cáliz con lobos filiformes patentes) y J. dichotomum Vahl (hojas simples, lobos del cáliz menos de 3 mm de largo, hojas y cáliz glabros).

    P.S. Green. Studies in the genus Jasminum III. The species in cultivation in North America. Baileya 13: 137–172. 1965.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
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    Shrubs or woody vines, sometimes deciduous; stems, mostly terete; pubescence of simple hairs. Leaves alternate or opposite, simple, trifoliolate or pinnately compound; blades entire or lobed; petioles short, sometimes articulated; stipules wanting. Inflorescences mostly terminal, sometimes on short spurs, cymose, dichasial panicles or heads; bracts and bractlets mostly present; pedicels mostly short or wanting. Flowers often fragrant, heterostylous; calyx campanulate, cupu- lar or funnelform, with 5-8 slightly unequal teeth; corolla white or yellow, rarely reddish, mostly drying yellowish or brownish, salverform, the tube slender, elongate, often curved, the limb obsolete, the lobes imbricate, 4-many, sometimes in several whorls, mostly narrowly elliptical; stamens 2, included, the short, gla- brous filaments inserted near the middle of the corolla tube and opposite one another, the anthers oblong, introrse, basifixed, the connective broad, extended

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
  • into a short apicule; stigmatic style branches fusiform, included or long-exserted, the ovary hemispherical or truncate, the 2 carpels mostly demarcated by a sulcus or separating plate of nonaccrescent tissue, the ovules 1-4 in each locule, mostly ascending, amphitropous, sometimes pendulous and anatropous. Fruits of 2 drupe- lets, connate or divaricate, juicy or fleshy, 1-2-seeded, one drupelet often abortive; pyrenes with little endosperm.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
  • Morphology

    Inflorescences few– to many–flowered, cymose, or flowers solitary; flowers sweetly scented.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Calyx with cup–shaped tube and (4) 5–15 teeth.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Corolla white and often pink on reverse, or yellow, hypocrateriform, glabrous; lobes imbricate, (4)5–13.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Stamens 2, inserted in or at mouth of corolla tube; filaments short, anthers introrse.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Ovary bilocular; style slender, either exceeding corolla tube or half as long (flowers heterostylous); stigma bilobed but lobes remaining together.

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    • Source: [
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    Fruit a deeply bilobed 2–seeded berry, often one lobe aborting.

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    • Source: [
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    Seeds without endosperm.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Shrubs, often with climbing habit.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Leaves opposite, verticillate or alternate, simple or compound, glabrous or hairy; acarodomatia sometimes present in axils of lateral nerves on lower leaf surface.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Leaves simple or compound, opposite, whorled, or spirally arranged

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Shrubs, generally climbing or scrambling

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Calyx with a more or less campanulate tube and variously developed lobes

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Flowers solitary or in generally few-flowered simple or compound cymes

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Fruit a berry, deeply bilobed (didymous) or simple by aborption of one lobe

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Seeds solitary in a lobe, erect; endosperm absent.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Stamens 2, inserted high up in the corolla tube on short filaments

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Ovary bilocular; style slender; stigma capitate, clavate, or bilobed; ovules generally 2 in each loculus

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Corolla hypocrateriform, with a usually slender essentially narrow-cylindrical tube surmounted by 4–10 imbricate lobes; often sweet-scented and white, yellow, or flushed pink

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Arbustes'souvent sarmenteux, lianes ou suffrutex.'Feuilles'simples ou composées, opposées, verticillées ou alternes.'Cymes'généralement réunies en panicules, ou fleurs solitaires.'Fleurs'à calice campanulé, persistant; lobes (4)5 ou plus; corolle longuement tubulaire; lobes (4)5 ou plus, étalés; ovaire 2-loculaire, généralement à 2 ovules, rarement plus, par loge.'Baies'bilobées ou souvent unilobées par avortement dۥune des loges.'Graine 1 par loge.\n\t\t\t\tQuelque 200 espèces paléotropicales et subtropicales, dont probablement 30-40 espèces en Afrique. Pour la Flore : 12 espèces dont 2 imparfaitement connues.

  • Provided by: [B].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 12
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    Habit

    Shrubs or woody vines

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
  • Distribution

    Jasminum is a genus of over 200 species native to the Old World, mainly of tropical regions.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
  • Included Species

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    jasmine jasmin

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • B http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Oleaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • H
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • I
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).