Lindera Thunb.
  • Nov. Gen. Pl. 3: 64. 1783.
  • Spicebush [For John 1723, Swedish botanist]

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Lindera Thunb. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 27 Oct 2021'

General Information

Shrubs or small trees , deciduous. Bark grayish, becoming darker with age. Leaves alternate, aromatic when crushed (at least when young). Leaf blade pinnately veined, membranous to nearly leathery; surfaces glabrous to densely pubescent; domatia absent. Inflorescences appearing before leaves, axillary, clusters (pseudoumbels), clusters subsessile, nearly umbellate, each subtended by 2 pairs of decussate bracts. Flowers unisexual, staminate and pistillate on different plants, a few bisexual flowers on some plants; tepals deciduous, yellow, pellucid-dotted, equal, glabrous. Staminate flowers: stamens 9; anthers 2-locular, 2-valved, introrse. Pistillate flowers: staminodes variously developed; ovary globose. Drupe bright red, ellipsoid to nearly globose, borne on pedicel, with or without persistent tepals at base. x = 12.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Evergreen or deciduous trees or shrubs, aromatic, dioecious. Leaves alternate, entire on margins or 3-lobed, pinninerved, trinerved, or triplinerved. Umbels singular and axillary, or 2 to numerous tufted on abbreviated and axillary branch, pedunculate or not; involucral bracts 4, decussate. Flowers unisexual, yellow or greenish yellow. Tepals 6, sometimes 7-9, equal in size or outer whorl slightly larger, usually deciduous. Male flowers with 9 fertile stamens, sometimes 12, stamens usually arranged into 3 whorls; anthers 2-celled, introrse, with 2 stipitate glands at filament base; reduced pistil small, sometimes style and stigma joined in a small mucro. Female flowers: staminodes usually 9, sometimes 12 or 15, fasciated, with 2 flat sessile reniform glands, on both sides of staminodes; ovary globose or ellipsoid. Berry or drupe, globose or ellipsoid, green when young and red or purple at maturity, with 1 seed; perianth tubes inflated into a hypocarpium at base of fruit or cup-shaped and enclosed from base to middle of fruit.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    "Mostly dioecious; tep 6, deciduous; stamens 9, the 3 inner each with a pair of basilateral glands; anthers introrse, 2-locular; pedicels short, slender to maturity; trees or shrubs. 100, mainly Asian."

  • Provided by: [D].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 



    McCartney, R. D., K. Wurdack, and J. Moore. 1989. The genus Lindera in Florida. Palmetto 9: 3-8. Steyermark, J. A. 1949. Lindera melissaefolia. Rhodora 51: 153-162. Wofford, B. E. 1983. A new Lindera from North America. J. Arnold Arbor. 64: 325-331.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    Spicebush [For John 1723, Swedish botanist]

     Information From

    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Flora of North America Association
    Flora Of CHina @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).