Liriodendron L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 535. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • [Greek lirion, lily, and dendron, tree]

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Liriodendron L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 27 Oct 2021'

General Information

Trees, deciduous. Bark grayish white, longitudinally fissured, falling off in small masses. Winter buds ovoid, surrounded by 2 connate stipules. Stipules free from petiole. Leaves spirally arranged, folded and pendulous in buds; petiole long; leaf blade with 1 or 2 lateral lobes near base, apex truncate to emarginate. Flowers terminal, solitary, bisexual, not fragrant, appearing at same time as leaves. Tepals 9, in 3 whorls, subequal. Anthers dehiscing extrorsely. Gynoecium sessile; carpels many, spirally arranged, distinct, basal ones sterile; ovules 2 per carpel, pendulous. Fruit fusiform; mature carpels woody, falling off from torus when matured; testa fused with endocarp, apex elongated winglike; torus persistent. Seeds 1 or 2 per carpel; testa thin and dry.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Of CHina @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Trees , deciduous. Pith diaphragmed. Leaves distinctly alternate, not in false terminal whorl; stipules tardily deciduous on summer shoots, free. Leaf blade evenly (2-)4-6(-10)-lobed, base rounded to shallowly cordate or truncate, apex broadly truncate or notched; surfaces abaxially glaucous, adaxially lustrous, smooth. Flowers protogynous, appearing with the leaves; tepals (7-)9, petaloid, tip recurved, greenish yellow with feathered orange band or blotch near base, outermost tepals sepaloid, reflexed, green; stamens on short torus, tardily deciduous, whorled; filaments 1/3-1/2 length of extrorse anthers. Samaras deciduous, indehiscent, in elongate, spindle-shaped, dry cone. Seeds adherent to dry endocarp. x =19.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    "Sep 3, soon reflexed; pet 6, erect, broadly ovate, forming a cup-shaped cor; anthers extrorse; pistils many, on an elongate receptacle, ripening into a cone of dry, samaroid, eventually deciduous frs; deciduous trees with simple, 4-lobed lvs and large but inconspicuously colored fls. 2, the other in e. Asia."

  • Provided by: [D].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 



    Berry, E. W. 1901. The origin of stipules in Liriodendron. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 28: 493-498. Santamour, F. S. Jr. and F. G. Meyer. 1971. The two tuliptrees. Amer. Hort. Mag. 50(2): 87-89.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    [Greek lirion, lily, and dendron, tree]

     Information From

    Flora Of CHina @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).