Lobelia L.
  • Sp. Pl. : 929 (1753)

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2023): Lobelia L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000022035. Accessed on: 03 Feb 2023'

General Information

Herbs, but some species lignified at base, and even some species in Africa and Hawaiian Islands trees and shrubs. Leaves alternate, in 2 rows or spiral. Flowers solitary and axillary, or in terminal racemes, or in panicles of racemes, bisexual [some Australian species dioecious]; bracteoles present or absent. Flowers pedicellate, solitary and axillary or in terminal racemes (rarely secund or corymbose) or panicles. Calyx lobes entire or serrate, persistent, rarely auriculate. Corolla zygomorphic, rarely with a narrow nectar spur; dorsal side typically divided longitudinally to base or nearly so, sometimes laterally fenestrate; limb commonly bilabiate, dorsal lip 2-lobed, ventral lip 3-lobed, or rarely ventrally unilabiate. Stamens connate, enveloping style, exserted from corolla dorsally; all 5 anthers or just ventral pair barbate at apex (rarely all nude). Ovary inferior or semi-inferior, very rarely almost superior, 2-locular; stigma 2-fid; ovules numerous. Fruit an apically 2-valved capsule or a berry. Seeds numerous, oblong or 3-angled, sometimes winged, smooth, foveolate, striate, or verrucose.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora of China @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 


    Hierbas o arbustos, anuales o perennes. Hojas simples, serradas a subenteras con las puntas de los dientes menudamente callosos. Flores en racimos terminales y bracteados o en las axilas de las hojas superiores, generalmente invertidas, pediceladas, mayormente bibracteoladas; corola generalmente hendida dorsalmente casi hasta la base y ocasionalmente con 2 hendeduras laterales (fenestras) marcadamente zigomorfas; filamentos generalmente libres de la corola, connados al menos distalmente, anteras desiguales, las 2 inferiores más cortas y generalmente con un fascículo penicilado de cerdas en el ápice, las 3 más largas parcialmente cerrando el orificio del tubo de las anteras mediante sus ápices encorvados; corola, estambres y estilo marchitándose y permaneciendo sobre el fruto. Cápsulas biloculares, 1/4 a más frecuentemente completamente envueltas por el hipanto, dehiscencia loculicida apicalmente; semillas numerosas, lisas y brillantes o foveoladas o tuberculadas.

    Un género cosmopolita y heterogéneo con más de 350 especies; 6 especies en Nicaragua.

    R.L. Wilbur. Synopsis of the Mexican and Central American representatives of Lobelia section Tylomium (Campanulaceae: Lobelioideae). Sida 14: 555–567. 1991; T.G. Lammers. Revision of Lobelia sect. Homochilus (Campanulaceae: Lobelioideae). Sida: 591–623. 2004.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Annual or perennial herbs or shrubs. Leaves, simple, exstipulate, alternate, sessile or short-petiolate, pinnately veined and serrate to subentire with the teeth ending in minute callosities. Flowers solitary in the terminal leaf axils or in bracted, terminal racemes, usually inverted, pedicellate, mostly bibracteolate, more or less ascendant at anthesis; corolla usually with a dorsal slit from the apex nearly to the base and often bearing 2 lateral slits (= fenestrae) as well, strongly zygomorphic with 2 upper lobes and 3 lobes comprising the lower lip; filaments usually free from the corolla, connate at least distally into a monodelphous tube, the anthers laterally united into a tube and the pollen released into the central cavity formed by the fused anthers, unequal, the 2 lower anthers shorter, usually with a penicellate tuft of bristles at the tip, the 3 longer anthers partially closing the orifice of the anther tube by their strongly incurved tips. Capsules 1/4 to com- pletely enclosed by the hypanthium, dehiscing loculicidally apically, corolla, stamens and style withering-persistent; seeds, numerous, smooth and shining, pitted or tuberculate.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Cor irregular, inverted so that the 3-lobed morphological upper lip is on the lower (abaxial) side; cor-tube split (between the 2 lobes of the visually upper lip) to below the middle, commonly nearly to the base, often fenestrate on the sides near the base as well; filaments and anthers connate, the lower 2 anthers shorter than the others and bearded at the tip; ovary 2-locular, with axile placentation; style growing up through the anther-tube and pushing out the pollen; stigma 2- lobed; capsule opening at or near the top; ours fibrous-rooted, mostly single-stemmed herbs with the fls in terminal, bracteate racemes, rarely in the uppermost axils. Most of our spp. perennate by short offsets, a few by rhizomes; L. inflata appears to be annual. 300, widespread.

  • Provided by: [H].Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern US and Canada
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 


    Herbes'annuelles ou vivaces, sous-arbustes ou petits arbres à port de palmier.'Feuilles'alternes, entières à découpées ou lobées.'Fleurs'bisexuées ou rarement unisexuées, disposées en racèmes ou solitaires à l'aisselle des feuilles, presque toujours résupinées; calice à 5 lobes souvent quelque peu inégaux; corolle fendue jusqu'à la base ou presque sur la face arrière seulement, ou parfois avec les 2 pétales supérieurs à peu près libres jusqu'à la base, ou avec tous les pétales finalement libres, généralement à 2 lèvres, la lèvre supérieure 2-lobée, l'inférieure 3-lobée, plus rarement à une seule lèvre formée par l'ensemble des pétales; étamines 5, indépendantes de la corolle ou y attenant légèrement à la base; filets linéaires; anthères soudées en tube, les 2 inférieures ou toutes pénicillées au sommet, les 2 inférieures quelque peu plus courtes que les autres; ovaire infère à semi-supère, 2-loculaire; lobes stigmatiques 2, courts et larges, entourés d'un anneau de poils.'Fruits'capsulaires, déhiscents par 2, rarement 4, valves apicales, rarement indéhiscents.'Graines généralement nombreuses.\n\t\t\t\tGenre comprenant quelque 300 espèces, présentes sur tous les continents mais la majorité d'entre elles se situant dans les régions tropicales et subtropicales. Pour la Flore : 29 espèces et 1 sous-espèce.

  • Provided by: [F].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 


    herbs or shrubs

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Included Species

     Information From

    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    W. D. Stevens, C. Ulloa Ulloa, A. Pool & O. M. Montiel. 2001–. Flora de Nicaragua, Tropicos Project. Loaded from Tropicos Project: October 2017
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • F http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Flora de Panama
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern US and Canada
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • H Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora of China @ efloras.org
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online Consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).