Luffa Mill.
  • Gard. Dict. Abr. (ed. 4) vol. 2: [806]. 1754. (28 Jan 1754)
  • Estopa, Paste


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Luffa Mill. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000022408. Accessed on: 26 Sep 2021'

General Information

Plants annual, monoecious, climbing or trailing; stems villous or hirsute to scabrous; roots fibrous; tendrils [2–]3–6-branched. Leaves: blade suborbiculate to ovate-cordate [triangular], palmately (3–)5–7-lobed, [rarely subentire], lobes broadly ovate to triangular, suborbiculate, oblong-ovate, oblong-triangular, or depressed-ovate, margins entire or sinuate, sinuate-toothed, sublobulate-dentate, or coarsely dentate, surfaces eglandular or gland-dotted. Inflorescences: staminate flowers (5–)15–20 in axillary racemes, ; pistillate flowers solitary, in same or different axils as staminate; bracts , linear. Flowers: hypanthium campanulate; sepals 5, , triangular-lanceolate; petals 5, distinct, yellow, obcordate to obovate, oblong-obovate, or obovate-cuneate, 20–45 mm, glabrous, corolla shallowly campanulate [rotate, ± flat]. Staminate flowers: stamens (3–)5, one 1-locular, others 2-locular or all monothecous; filaments inserted on or near hypanthium rim, distinct; thecae connate, sigmoid, contorted, connective slightly broadened; pistillodes absent. Pistillate flowers: ovary 3(–6)-locular, subglobose to cylindric; ovules 30–100 per locule; style 1, columnar; stigmas 3, 2-lobed; staminodes 3(–5). Fruits pepos, usually greenish, sometimes white-striped, drying brownish, cylindric to narrowly clavate [subglobose], <(6–)15–50 cm>, smooth [ribbed, aculeate-scabrous, or densely echinate], , dehiscent by apical operculum. Seeds 100–300, broadly ellipsoid to oblong-ellipsoid or ellipsoid-ovoid, compressed, not arillate, , margins winged or not, surface smooth or roughened. x = 13.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    Herbs, scandent, annual, glabrous or puberulent. Tendrils bi- or multifid. Petiole eglandular; leaf blade usually 5-7-lobed. Plants monoecious. Male flowers in a raceme; calyx tube obconical; segments 5, triangular or lanceolate; corolla segments 5, free, spreading, entire or erose; stamens 3 or 5, free; anthers: one 1-celled, other 2-celled or all 1-celled when stamens 5; anther cells linear, sigmoid-flexuous; connective usually dilated; pistillode glandular or absent. Female flowers solitary; calyx and corolla as in male flowers; staminodes 3, or rarely 4 or 5; ovary cylindric; ovules numerous, horizontal; stigmas 3. Fruit oblong or cylindric, terete or acutely costate, smooth or echinate, inside fibrous, apex operculately dehiscent. Seeds numerous, oblong, compressed.

  • Provided by: [J].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    16. Luffa Mill.

    Por R.J. Hampshire.

    Bejucos, monoicos, trepadores o rastreros; tallos sulcados. Hojas pecioladas, simples, 5-7-lobadas. Inflorescencias axilares. Zarcillos simples hasta 5-fidos. Flores estaminadas en racimos bracteolados; hipanto campanulado; lobos del cáliz 5; pétalos 5, libres o 1-2 en pares; filamentos libres, insertados cerca de la base del hipanto; anteras libres o parcialmente coherentes, monotecas, las tecas flexuosas. Flores pistiladas solitarias en ejes con flores estaminadas; perianto como en las flores estaminadas; estaminodios 5; ovario alargado, 3-carpelado; estilos 3, connatos; estigmas 3-partidos. Frutos frecuentemente grandes, secos, fibrosos, apicalmente operculados, lisos, equinados o longitudinalmente acostillados; semillas numerosas, horizontales, oblongas, comprimidas, aladas o no. 5 spp. Pantropicales.

    Bibliografía: Jeffrey, C. Kew Bull. 47: 741-742 (1992).

  • Provided by: [I].Flora Mesoamericana
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    LUFFA Mill.

    Plantas anuales, trepadoras o rastreras, herbáceas; monoicas. Hojas simples, palmatilobadas, con algunas glándulas discoidales en el envés; zarcillos 2–6-ramificados. Flores de tamaño mediano a grandes; flores estaminadas dispuestas en racimos axilares, hipanto cortamente campanulado, sépalos 5, grandes, envolviendo a los pétalos cuando en yema, pétalos 5, libres, amarillos o blancos, estambres 3 ó 5, libres, insertos en el hipanto, conectivo ancho, tecas convolutas; flores pistiladas solitarias, coaxilares con las estaminadas, hipanto cortamente cilíndrico, perianto similar al de las flores estaminadas, ovario liso o tuberculado, finamente tomentoso, placentas 3, óvulos numerosos, horizontales, estigmas 3, estilo y estigmas agrandados y persistentes cuando en fruto. Fruto subgloboso a cilíndrico, subterete, acostillado o espinoso, seco, fibroso, café, dehiscente por un opérculo apical; semillas numerosas, oblongo-elípticas en su forma general, redondeadas en los extremos, comprimidas.

    Un género pantropical con 5 especies de las cuales 1 es nativa del Nuevo Mundo; 2 especies se encuentran en Nicaragua.

    C. Jeffrey. Names of the indigenous Neotropical species of Luffa Mill. (Cucurbitaceae). Kew Bull. 47: 741–742. 1992.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Monoecious, tendriled vines: stems 5- to 10-sulcate. Leaves petiolate, simple, 5- to 7-lobate, rarely subentire; tendrils simple or 2- to 5-branched. Staminate flowers in racemes, axillary; calyx campanulate or turbinate, 5-lobate; petals 5, free; stamens 3 (in ours), borne on the hypanthium tube, free, the anthers linear, flexuous, variously unilocular or bilocular; pistillodium glanduliform or absent. Pistillate flowers solitary in the axils of the same leaves as the staminate inflores- cences; calyx and corolla similar to those of the staminate flowers; ovary elon- gate, 3-carpellate, the ovules numerous, horizontal, the styles 3, connate, the stigmas 3, bilobate; staminodia 3, rarely 4 or 5. Fruits cylindrical, fusiform, ellip- soidal, or clavate, smooth, tuberculate, echinate, or acutely ribbed, operulate at the apex, the style persistent, the interior filled with a coarse fibrous mass (vas- cular bundle net); seeds oblong, compressed, winged or wingless, the testa smooth or rugose.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
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    Bejucos ± herbáceos, monoicos; tallos 5–10-surcados, los zarcillos simples ó 2–5-ramificados. Hojas simples, palmadamente 3–7-lobuladas, con glándulas laminares (a veces muy inconspicuas) dispersas sobre el envés. Infls. masculinas racemosas, las femeninas de 1 fl. solitaria (en el mismo eje que las infls. masculinas). Fls. con el hipanto campanulado o turbinado; sépalos 5; pétalos 5, amarillos, separados; estambres (fls. estaminadas) 3, los filamentos separados; anteras separadas o levemente connatas, flexuosas; estaminodios (fls. pistiladas) 3(–5), gruesos; estilo 1; estigmas 3. Frs. verdes a café, fusiformes o cilíndricos, secos, fibrosos, lisos, equinados, tuberculados o estriados, dehiscentes por un opérculo distal, con 3 placentas; semillas numerosas, horizontales, oblongoides, comprimidas, con o sin alas.

  • Provided by: [D].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
  • Morphology

    Petals 5, free, entire.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Stamens 5, all one-thecous, or 3, 2 two-thecous & 1 one-thecous; filaments inserted on the receptacle-tube, free; anthers free; connectives broad; thecae much convoluted.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Female flowers solitary; ovary smooth, ribbed, tuberculate or spiny; ovules many, horizontal; stigma 3-lobed.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Fruit globose to cylindrical, rostrate, smooth, ribbed or spiny, dry, brownish, fibrous, dehiscent by an apical operculum.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Seeds compressed, oblong-elliptic in outline.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Leaves simple, petiolate.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Tendrils proximally 2–6-fid.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Annual prostrate or scandent herbs.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Receptacle-tube broadly campanulate; lobes large, enclosing the petals in bud, entire.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Male flowers racemose.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Flowers yellow or whitish, monoecious.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Climbing or trailing herbs

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Leaves simple; blade palmately lobed

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Fruit medium-sized to large, subglobose to elongate-cylindrical, beaked, smooth, ribbed or sparsely to densely spiny with short to rather long spines, brownish, dry and fibrous, dehiscent by an apical operculum

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Seeds medium-sized, distinctly compressed, oblong-elliptic in outline

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Fig. 10.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Tendrils proximally 3–6-fid, less often bifid

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Flowers medium to large yellow, monoecious

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Male flowers racemose; receptacle-tube shortly campanulate; lobes relatively large, enclosing petals in bud, entire; petals 5, free, entire; stamens 5, all 1-thecous, in 2 pairs with one single, or the paired stamens variously united, when completely so stamens appearing as 3, 2 double 2-thecous, 1 single 1-thecous; filaments inserted on the tube, free; anthers free; connective broad; thecae marginal, much convoluted

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Female flowers solitary; ovary smooth, ribbed, tuberculate or spiny; ovules many, horizontal; receptacle-tube short; stigmas 3, bilobed

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Plantes'herbacées, monoïques ou dioïques, à tiges grimpantes ou rampantes.'Feuilles'pétiolées, simples, à limbe palmatilobé; vrilles 3-6-fides Fleurs ♂ blanches ou jaunes, en racèmes; réceptacle courtement campanulé; sépales 5, triangulaires, assez grands, recouvrant les pétales dans le bouton; pétales 5, libres, entiers; étamines 3 ou 5; filets libres, insérés sur le réceptacle; anthères libres, très sinueuses, à large connectif, deux d'entre elles biloculaires et à filet divisé en 2, la troisième uniloculaire, ou parfois 5 anthères uniloculaires (filets divisés jusqu'à la base).'Fleurs'♀ solitaires; périanthe semblable à celui des fleurs ♂; ovaire lisse, côtelé ou échinulé, renfermant de nombreux ovules horizontaux; style court et épais; stigmates 3, bilobés.'Baies'de taille variable, subglobuleuses, oblongues ou cylindriques-allongées, lisses ou échinulées ou nettement côtelées, sèches et fibreuses, déhiscentes par un opercule terminal.'Graines de taille moyenne, nombreuses, oblongues ou elliptiques, comprimées.\n\t\t\t\tGenre comprenant environ 6 espèces, dont 2 sont largement cultivées dans toutes les régions tropicales du monde; une espèce est originaire d'Amérique tropicale, les autres vraisemblablement de l'Ancien Monde. Pour la Flore : 1 espèce.

  • Provided by: [E].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 14
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    Habit

    vines

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    The genus includes 6-10 species mostly native in the tropics and subtropics of the Old World. A single species is native to the New World. Some species are cultivated and widely distributed. One native and one introduced species occurs in Panama.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES Ali, M. A., S. Karuppusamy, and F. M. A. Al-Hemaid. 2010. Molecular phylogenetic study of Luffa tuberosa Roxb. (Cucurbitaceae) based on internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA and its systematic implication. Int. J. Bioinf. Res. 2: 42–60. Heiser, C. B. and E. E. Schilling. 1990. The genus Luffa: A problem in phytogeography. In: D. M. Bates et al., eds. 1990. Biology and Utilization of the Cucurbitaceae. Ithaca, N.Y. Pp. 120–133.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Estopa, Paste
    Vegetable sponge, loofah [Arabic lufah, name for L. aegyptiaca]

     Information From

    Cucurbitaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • E http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Flora of North America Association
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • H
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • J Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • K CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).