Lycianthes Hassl.(Dunal)
  • "G. & Hook. and G. & Hook., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Geneve 20: 180., 1917."


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Lycianthes Hassl.(Dunal). Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000022484. Accessed on: 31 Oct 2020'

General Information

Shrubs, subshrubs, or rarely herbs or creeping herbs, unarmed; pubescence of many-celled, simple or 2- to many-branched hairs. Leaves solitary, paired, or sometimes unequal paired; leaf blade entire. Inflorescences 1-10-flowered fascicles in leaf axils; peduncle obsolete or absent. Flowers actinomorphic, 5- or rarely 4-merous, pedicellate. Calyx cup-shaped, truncate, often with 5-10 subapical teeth; teeth linear-subulate or umbonate, equal or not. Corolla white or purple-blue, rotate or stellate, shallowly or deeply divided. Stamens inserted at apex of corolla tube; filaments short, equal; anthers elliptic dehiscing by oblique apical pores. Ovary 2-locular; ovules numerous. Style glabrous. Fruit a red or red-purple berry, globose. Seeds small, numerous, deltate, deltate-reniform, or lenticular, finely reticulate.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    LYCIANTHES (Dunal) Hassl.

    Hierbas, arbustos, árboles pequeños o enredaderas, trepadoras terrestres o hemiepífitas, inermes; pubescencia de tricomas simples, dendríticos o estrellados, a veces glandulares. Hojas solitarias o en pares desiguales, simples, mayormente enteras; pecioladas. Inflorescencias mayormente fascículos axilares en brotes cortos (braquiblastos), raramente apareciendo pedunculados, o las flores solitarias, frecuentemente nocturnas, subactinomorfas, 5-meras, pedúnculo ausente, pedicelos mayormente presentes, brácteas y bractéolas ausentes; cáliz cupuliforme a campanulado, apicalmente truncado en un margen delgado, frecuentemente con (1–) 5 ó 10 dientes o umbones surgiendo por abajo del margen, dientes a veces alargados; corola mayormente rotácea, lobos anchos y poco profundos o angostos y hasta la base, iguales; estambres iguales o 1 más largo que los otros, insertos en el ápice del tubo de la corola, libres o cohesionados en un tubo, anteras dehiscentes por poros terminales o raramente longitudinales (L. anomala y L. sanctaeclarae en Nicaragua); ovario 2-locular, con muchos óvulos, estilo ligeramente exerto. Baya mayormente subglobosa, jugosa, roja o anaranjada, cáliz y pedicelos fructíferos frecuentemente algo acrescentes; semillas numerosas, discoides, con el embrión enrollado.

    Género con ca 175 especies ampliamente distribuidas en las partes cálidas de las América y también en el sureste de Asia y Australasia; 12 especies se encuentran en Nicaragua. La mayoría de las colecciones de estas especies están en fruto y los detalles de las flores son poco conocidos. El género es poco entendido en Nicaragua, por lo que varias colecciones no pudieron asignarse a una especie. El tratado presentado a continuación es bastante provisional. Las especies de Lycianthes son bastante similares a Solanum, las cuales se diferencian por tener cáliz de 5 lobos vascularizados directamente desde la base. En Lycianthes el cáliz es truncado y los dientes que aparecen en algunas especies surgen por abajo del ápice. Algunas especies se usan como plantas ornamentales (no en Nicaragua) y algunas especies herbáceas se cultivan por sus frutos comestibles (no en Nicaragua).

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Vine or shrub to 2 m tall; twigs fine-puberulent to tomentose with stellate or dendritic hairs, soon glabrescent. Leaves elliptic, to 12 cm long, apically obtuse or acuminate, basally rounded, obtuse or narrowed, somewhat upfolded from the midrib, membranaceous, glabrate on both sides except for a few scattered hairs on the lamina and veins; veins ca. 4 on each side of the midvein; petioles mostly 1-2 cm long; minor leaves mostly wanting. Inflorescence solitary or a few-flowered fascicle; pedicels slender, sometimes drying reddish brown, to 12 mm long, glabrate, sometimes with one or 2 normal-appearing stellae present, thicker but not much longer in fruit. Flowers with the calyx cup 3-4 mm deep with 10 reflexed, slender teeth in 2 similar series, the longer ca. 7 mm long, the shorter ca. 4 mm long, glabrous except for an occasional normal-appearing hair on the surface and frequently 1 or 2 on the tips of the teeth; corolla white, 14 mm long, the interplicae thickened, glabrous except for a tuft of hairs at the tips of the lobes, only shallowly lobed; stamens unequal, the anther of one sur- passing the others by its full length, the other anthers ca. 4 mm long, glabrous; style exceeding all anthers, the stigma ellipsoidal, lateral. Fruits pyriform, drying ovoid, red, 15-20 mm across, juicy; fruiting calyx 10-14 mm across, glabrous, the teeth recurved, to 8 mm long, slender or sometimes stout near the base.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • 4
    • ]. 

    the filaments inserted on the short corolla tube, the anthers elongate, opening by small terminal pores, sometimes connate, rarely pubescent; ovary 2-loculed, the ovules few to many on proliferated placentae. Fruit a dry, pulpy or juicy berry, globose, ovate, or pyriform, not enclosed in the sometimes enlarged calyx; seeds compressed-discoid, the embryo circinnate around the periphery of the seed, the endosperm fleshy.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Herbs, shrubs or vines, mostly unarmed, glabrous or pubescent with various types of hairs.4 Leaves simple, entire or nearly so; minor leaves often present. Inflorescences solitary or fascicled in the leaf axils, few to many-flowered. Flowers with the calyx campanulate or cyathiform, apically truncate, 10-ribbed, the ribs giving rise to 0-10 teeth lateral on the calyx wall near the summit of the calyx, the teeth mostly 5 or 10, when 10 then often appearing in 2 series, not splitting at the sinuses in flower or fruit; corolla rotate, 5-lobed to various depths, the interplicate area sometimes thickened; stamens mostly 5, equal or unequal,

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Herbs, shrubs or vines

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    This species ranges from Paraguay through Peru, Colombia, and at least as far north as Panama. In Panama, most collections are from middle elevations in Cocle Province but it does range down to sea level.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Most species occur in tropical America, but a dozen or more species are found in the South Seas and in Asia.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Synonyms

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    SolanaceaeSource.org
    http://solanaceaesource.org/
    PBI Solanum Project. 2017. Solanaceae Source. Jan.31st, 2015. http://www.solanaceaesource.org/.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).