Malva L.
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 687. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • Mallow, mauve [Latin name derived from Greek malacho, to soften, alluding to emollient qualities of some species]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Malva L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000022983. Accessed on: 23 Nov 2020'

General Information

Herbs annual or perennial, ascending or erect. Leaves alternate; stipule sessile, usually ciliate, persistent; leaf blade palmately lobed or sometimes deeply dissected. Flowers solitary or fascicled, axillary. Involucellar bracts usually 3, linear or foliaceous, usually free. Calyx cup-shaped, 5-lobed, often accrescent and spreading in fruit. Petals 5, usually purple, sometimes white, rose to dark red, apex usually emarginate or with a prominent notch. Anthers borne on staminal column apex. Ovary with 9-15 pistils; ovule 1 per locule, erect; style branches as many as pistils, adaxial surface stigmatic. Fruit a schizocarp, oblate, pubescent or glabrous; mericarps 9-15, indehiscent, mature carpels without spines. Seeds 1 per mericarp.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
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    Herbs, annual, biennial, or perennial, subshrubs, or shrubs, glabrous or hairy, hairs stellate or simple. Stems erect, ascending, or trailing. Leaves: stipules persistent or deciduous, linear, lanceolate, triangular, or ovate to ± falcate; blade orbiculate or reniform, unlobed or palmately 3–7(–9)-lobed or divided, base cordate to truncate, margins crenate to dentate. Inflorescences usually axillary, flowers usually in fascicles, sometimes solitary, sometimes terminal racemes; involucel present, bractlets persistent, 3, distinct or basally connate. or recurved pedicel), not inflated, oblate-discoid, usually depressed in center, around broad axis, without persistent swollen style base, ± indurate, glabrous or hairy; mericarps 6–15(–20), drying tan or brown, 1-celled, wedge-shaped (triangular in cross section), oblong to reniform, beak or cusp absent, sides thin and papery or thicker, margins usually edged, apex rounded, indehiscent. Seeds 1 per mericarp, adherent to mericarp wall, usually not readily separated from it, reniform-rounded, notched, glabrous. x = 21.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Herbs, sometimes more or less suffruticose, annual or perennial, the stems erect to decumbent or prostrate, glabrous or the indumentum of simple or stellate hairs. Leaves usually long-petiolate, the stipules caducous, the blades commonly more or less circular-cordate in outline, crenate to serrate or shallowly to deeply palmati- lobed or palmatidivided. Flowers axillary, solitary or in more or less dense glom- erules; epicalyx of 3 distinct bractlets; calyx cupuliform, 5-lobed, persistent or accrescent; petals 5, obcordate-cuneate, connate at the base and adnate to the base of the staminal tube, the claws glabrous or ciliate; staminal tube divided at the apex into numerous filaments, the anthers reniform; ovary of more or less 10 free, 1-ovulate carpels, the ovules ascending; style branches isomerous with the carpels, linear, introrsely stigmatose. Fruits discoid, separating into many indehiscent meri- carps, these verticillate around a central axis, reniform, muticous; seeds glabrous; embryo curved, the albumen scant.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    "Bractlets of the epicalyx 3, linear to obovate; stamen-column bearing anthers at the summit; pet truncate to (in our spp.) obcordate; carpels 10–20, beakless, one-seeded, indehiscent, the sides incompletely covering the seed; styles slender, stigmatic along the inner side; annual to perennial herbs with broad, toothed to lobed or parted lvs, the fls solitary or fascicled in the axils. 25, temp. Eurasia."

  • Provided by: [G].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Morphology

    Annuals or perennials, herbaceous to somewhat suffruticose, erect to decumbent or prostrate, nearly glabrous to more or less densely pubescent.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Flowers axillary, usually clustered or fasciculate; pedicels often short to 0.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Leaves usually suborbicular-reniform in outline, crenate to serrate or shallowly to rather deeply palmatilobed, usually long-petioled.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Calyx cupular, 5-lobed; lobes deltoid, acute.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Epicalyx of 3 free or nearly free linear to ovate bracts.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Staminal tube antheriferous at the apex only.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Petals usually obcordate-cuneate, emarginate at the apex, often with darker-coloured veins converging towards the glabrous or ciliate claw.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Fruit discoid, separating at maturity into suborbicular-reniform free indehiscent muticous mericarps; mericarps smooth or variously sculptured on the back, glabrous or pubescent.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Ovary of 9–15 free 1-ovulate carpels arranged around a central torus; style-branches as many as there are carpels, obliquely clavate; stigmas linear, decurrent on the inside of the style-branches.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Herbes'annuelles ou vivaces; tiges dressées ou décombantes, à poils simples ou étoilés.'Feuilles'palmatinerves, ± découpées, à stipules caduques.'Fleurs'axillaires, solitaires ou en glomérules ± denses; calicule à 3 bractéoles libres, ou ± soudées à la base du calice; calice à 5 sépales soudés entre eux à la base; corolle petite ou assez grande, rose ou violacée, à pétales obcordés; tube staminal garni d'anthères vers le sommet; ovaire à ± 10 carpelles 1-ovulés; style à ± 10 branches.'Fruits applatis en forme de disque, se séparant en ± 10 méricarpes réniformes indéhiscents, rangés autour d'un axe central.\n\t\t\t\tGenre de l'hémisphère boréal comptant environ 40 espèces dont plusieurs ± rudérales ou anthrophiles, à très vaste distribution; pour la Flore, 1 espèce, peut-être introduite.

  • Provided by: [B].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Herbs

  • Provided by: [A].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Distribution

    An Old World genus of which several species have become naturalized as weeds in North and South America. A few species with relatively large and showy flowers are cultivated as ornamentals. Only one species is reported from Panama.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
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    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCE Ray, M. F. 1995. Systematics of Lavatera and Malva (Malvaceae, Malveae)—A new perspective. Pl. Syst. Evol. 198: 29–53.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Mallow, mauve [Latin name derived from Greek malacho, to soften, alluding to emollient qualities of some species]

     Information From

    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • B http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Malvaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • G Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).