Mangifera L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 200. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Mangifera L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000023026. Accessed on: 26 Sep 2021'

General Information

Evergreen trees, andro-monoecious with functionally staminate and bisexual flowers in same inflorescence. Leaves petiolate, simple; leaf blade margin entire. Inflorescence a terminal pleiothyrsoid. Flowers small, 4- or 5-merous, with imbricate aestivation. Sepals sometimes united at base. Petals with 1-5 prominent veins adaxially. Stamens 5, free or united with disk basally, usually 1(or 2) noticeably larger. Disk of 5 separate extrastaminal glands. Ovary glabrous, 1-locular, 1-ovulate; style 1, terminal. Fruit drupaceous; mesocarp fleshy or fibrous; endocarp thick and bony, compressed. Embryo 1 to several by polyembryony.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    MANGIFERA L.

    Mangifera indica L., Sp. Pl. 200. 1753.

    Arboles grandes, hasta 40 m de alto y ca 150 cm de ancho, corteza exterior grisácea a café negruzca, longitudinalmente fisurada, corteza interna amarilla, savia clara a café-amarillenta; plantas hermafroditas. Hojas alternas, agrandadas en los extremos de las ramas, siempreverdes, simples, lanceoladas, estrechamente oblongas o elípticas, 8–20 cm de largo y 2–10 cm de ancho, ápice agudo a acuminado, base cuneada, cortamente atenuada u obtusa, generalmente rojizas cuando jóvenes, tornándose verde obscuras y lustrosas cuando maduras, gruesamente cartáceas a coriáceas, nervio principal apenas prominente a prominente en la haz, prominente en el envés, 12–30 pares de nervios secundarios, prominentes en ambas superficies; pecíolo 0.8–6 cm de largo. Inflorescencia pleiotirsoide, terminal o a veces en las axilas de las hojas superiores, 10–40 (–60) cm de largo, escasa a densamente pubescente, pedúnculo 15–25 mm de largo, brácteas lanceoladas a ovadas, 15–25 mm de largo, pedicelos 1–3 mm de largo, articulados, glabros a densamente pubescentes; cáliz y corola imbricados, 5-meros; sépalos lanceolados a ovados, 2–2.6 mm de largo y 1–1.5 mm de ancho, pubescentes abaxialmente; pétalos elípticos a oblanceolados, 3–5 mm de largo y 1–1.5 mm de ancho, apicalmente reflexos, escasamente pubescentes distalmente, inicialmente blanco-verdosos a amarillo pálidos y tornándose rosados a café-rojizos, con 3–5 crestas glandulares amarillas a moradas o cafés en la superficie adaxial; disco extrastaminal de 5 lobos gruesos, frecuentemente libres; estambres 5, 1 ó 2 fértiles con filamento 3–5 mm de largo, los estambres restantes estériles, 0.7–1 mm de largo, anteras 0.6–0.8 mm de largo; ovario deprimido globoso, 1–1.5 mm de largo, 1-locular con 1 óvulo basal, estilo 1–2 mm de largo, lateral o excéntrico, curvado, estigma punctiforme. Fruto variable en forma y tamaño, globoso a oblongo-ovoide o subreniforme, a veces lateralmente comprimido, 8–30 cm de largo, verde, amarillo, anaranjado o rojo, mesocarpo carnoso, anaranjado, endocarpo fibroso; semilla lateralmente comprimida, embrión subreniforme con cotiledones plano-convexos, a menudo desiguales y lobados.

    Cultivada, en todo el país; 0–1400 m; fl nov–may, fr ene–may; Hahn 441, Stevens 6279; nativa de Asia tropical y cultivada en todos los trópicos y subtrópicos. Un género asiático con ca 69 especies. "Mango".

    A.J.G.H. Kostermans y J.M. Bompard. The Mangoes. Their Botany, Nomenclature, Horticulture and Utilization. 1993.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Trees, often attaining great size. Leaves petiolate, the blades simple and en- tire. Panicles terminal, large, the bracts deciduous. Flowers X, the pedicels artic- ulated; calyx-lobes 4-5, imbricate, deciduous; petals 4-5, free or adnate to the disc, imbricate, the nerves often ridged ventrally; stamens usually 5 (rarely 10-12), with 1 fertile and much larger than the rest (rarely with 2, 3 or all 5 fertile); disc extrastaminal, 4-5-lobed, tumid or less frequently much reduced; ovary 1-car- pellate, 1-locular, the solitary ovule affixed just above the base of the locule, the style excentric. Fruit a fleshy drupe with a large, compressed seed. A genus of about 53 species indigenous to tropical and subtropical Asia; one species is cultivated throughout the tropics of the Old and New World (including Panama) for its edible fruit.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
  • Morphology

    Seed oblong-ovoid, compressed, with a chartaceous testa; embryo with cotyledons plano-convex, sometimes lobed, and the radicle ascendent.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Fruit a fleshy drupe, subreniform or ovoid with a fleshy mesocarp and a fibrous woody endocarp

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Ovary subglobose, 1-locular, 1-ovulate; style subterminal or lateral, incurved, with a single stigma

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Disk 4–5-lobulate or vestigial

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, petiolate, simple, entire, with the lateral nerves arched and anastomosing near the margin

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Erect, branched evergreen trees

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Stamens 5–10, 1 (–2–5) fertile, the others sterile; filaments filiform; anthers ovoid

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Petals usually 5 (rarely 4–7), imbricate, inserted between the disk-lobes, with 3–5 darker yellow nerves on the inner surface with the median one prolonged like a crest at the base

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Sepals usually 5 (rarely 4–7), free, imbricate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Flowers polygamous with male and hermaphrodite flowers in the same terminal or subterminal panicles

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Seed oblong-ovoid, compressed, with a chartaceous testa; embryo with cotyledons plano-convex, sometimes lobed and the radicle ascendent.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Ovary subglobose, 1-locular, 1-ovulate; style subterminal or lateral, incurved, with a single stigma.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Drupe subreniform or ovoid with a fleshy mesocarp and a fibrous-woody endocarp.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Flowers polygamous, in terminal or subterminal panicles.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, petiolate, entire, with the lateral nerves arched and anastomosing near the margin; petiole hemicylindric, thickened at the base.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Trees.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Disk 4–5-lobulate or vestigial.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Stamens 5–10, 1 (2–5) fertile, the others sterile; filaments filiform; anthers ovoid.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Petals 4–5, imbricate, inserted between the disk-lobes, with 1–5 somewhat prominent nerves, the median one prolonged like a crest at the base of the internal face.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Sepals 5 (rarely 4), free or nearly so, imbricate.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Arbres'polygames.'Feuilles'alternes, simples, glabres, à limbe oblong-lancéolé, papyracé à coriace, à nervures secondaires arquées-anastomosées vers le bord.'Panicules'terminales et subterminales.'Fleurs'♂♀, 2, 4-5-mères, à préfloraison imbriquée; sépales 4-5, libres ou presque; pétales 4-5, insérés entre les lobes du disque, à nerville médiane ± développée en crête vers la base sur la face interne; étamines 5(10-12) dont 1(2-5) développée et fertile, les autres à anthères stériles ou réduites à des petits filets; disque extrastaminal, très épais et 5-lobé à subnul; ovaire subglobuleux, à 1 loge; style 1, ± excentrique, à stigmate non élargi.'Drupes'ovoïdes à subréniformes, à mésocarpe charnu; endocarpe fibreux-ligneux.'Graines oblongues-ovoïdes, ± comprimées; cotylédons épais, plan-convexes, quelquefois ± lobés.\n\t\t\t\tGenre groupant ± 40 espèces d'Asie et Océanie tropicales, dont une cultivée dans tous les pays tropicaux.

  • Provided by: [F].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Trees

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
  •  Information From

    Anacardiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • F http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).