Margaritaria L. f.
  • Suppl. Pl. 66, 428. 1781[1782]. (Apr 1782)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Margaritaria L. f. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000023142. Accessed on: 16 Oct 2021'

General Information

MARGARITARIA L. f.

Por Grady L. Webster

Margaritaria nobilis L. f., Suppl. Pl. 428. 1781; Phyllanthus nobilis (L. f.) Müll. Arg.; P. nobilis var. hypomalacus Standl.

Arboles, 5–10 m de alto, sin látex; plantas dioicas. Hojas alternas, simples, elípticas a lanceoladas, 6–15 cm de largo y 2.5–5 cm de ancho, acuminadas en el ápice, cuneadas a redondeadas en la base, márgenes enteros, glabras o pubescentes en el envés, pinnatinervias; pecíolos 1.5–6 mm de largo, estípulas lanceoladas, acuminadas, 2–4.5 mm de largo. Fascículos axilares, flores apétalas; sépalos 4, elípticos, 0.9–1.7 mm de largo, enteros, disco anular, 0.8–1.5 mm de ancho; estambres 4, libres, anteras 0.4 mm de largo; ovario (3) 4 ó 5-locular, 2 óvulos por lóculo, estilos libres, cortamente bífidos, 1.5 mm de largo. Fruto de paredes delgadas e irregularmente dehiscente, 8–11 mm de diámetro; semillas 3.5–4 mm de largo, con cubierta carnosa y azulada e internamente con cubierta ósea.

Ocasional en bosques deciduos en la zona pacífica; 0–800 m; fl y fr jun–sep; Stevens 2641, 2941; México a Brasil y en las Antillas. Un género con 14 especies tropicales.

G.L. Webster. A revision of Margaritaria. J. Arnold Arbor. 60: 403–444. 1979.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Shrubs or trees; dioecious; foliage deciduous, new leaves appearing with flowers (or persistent in certain species), ramification distichous, branches all persistent with +- conspicuous lenticels. Leaves alternate, entire, chartaceous; short-petiolate; stipules entire, subpersistent. Inflorescences of clustered flowers on short floriferous branches or at proximal axils of leafy branches, rarely flowers solitary; gamo- sepalous, the calyx-lobes usually 4; apetalous; disc annular and entire in both sexes. Staminate flowers with long pedicels; stamens usually 4, free, the anthers extrorse in the bud, dehiscing longitudinally; pollen grains 3-colporate. Pistillate flowers with stout pedicels; ovary with 2-5 carpels, the styles free or united into a column, bifid to bipartite, - dilated. Capsules irregularly dehiscent, the green reticulate exocarp usually breaking away from the pale membranous endocarp of each coccus, the cocci very fragile, fragmenting irregularly; seeds normally paired in each coccus, the outer seed-coat dark blue, thick and fleshy, the inner seed-coat thick and woody, achene-like, smooth or rugose, invaginated at the chalazal end, the endosperm copious, whitish, the embryo straight or nearly so, the cotyledons thin and flat, much longer than the radicle.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Fruit (2–)3–4(–5)-lobed, irregularly dehiscent or subindehiscent; endocarp paleaceous-crustaceous

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Seeds 2 per locule, sometimes 1 by abortion, hemispherical, smooth or rugose, ecarunculate; endosperm copious; embryo ± straight; cotyledons thin, flat, much longer than the radicle.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Male flowers: pedicels capillary; calyx-lobes 4, imbricate; petals 0; disc annular, ± entire; stamens 4, free, anthers extrorse, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode 0

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Female flowers: pedicels stouter than in the ♂ flowers; calyx-lobes and disc ± as in the ♂ flowers; ovary smooth, commonly glabrous, (2–)3–4(–5)-locular, with 2 ovules per locule; styles free or united at the base or for 1/2 their length, shortly bifid, rarely bifid

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate, stipulate, simple, entire, penninerved

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Flowers axillary, usually in the proximal axils of leafy branches, the males several, fasciculate, the females 2–3 per axil or often solitary

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Dioecious trees or shrubs with a simple indumentum

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Fruit (2)3–4(5)-lobed, irregularly dehiscent or subindehiscent; exocarp green, usually separating from the paleaceous-crustaceous endocarp.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Seeds 2 per locule, sometimes 1 by abortion, hemispherical, ecarunculate; sarcotesta fleshy, bluish; sclerotesta thick, woody or bony, smooth or rugose, chalaza invaginated; endosperm copious, whitish; embryo ± straight; cotyledons thin, flat, much longer than the radicle.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Dioecious, very rarely monoecious, trees or shrubs, rarely scandent.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Leaves distichous, shortly petiolate, stipulate, simple, entire, penninerved, usually deciduous.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Indumentum simple.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Male flowers: pedicels capillary; calyx lobes 4, imbricate; petals absent; disk annular, ± entire; stamens 4, filaments free, anthers extrorse, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode (non-functional ovary) absent.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Flowers axillary, usually in the proximal axils of new shoots; the males usually several, fasciculate, often precocious; the females 2–3 per axil or often solitary.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Female flowers: pedicels stouter than in the male flowers; calyx lobes and disk ± as in the male flowers; ovary smooth, commonly glabrous, (2)3–4(5)-locular, ovules 2 per locule; styles free or variously united, bifid to bipartite.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Shrubs or trees

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    A very homogeneous genus of about 10 species, represented in most tropical regions except Australia and the Pacific Islands.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Phyllanthaceae
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).