Matthiola W.T. Aiton
  • Hortus Kew. 4: 119. 1812. (Dec 1812)
  • Stock [For Pietro Andrea Matthioli, 1500-1577, Italian artist and botanist]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Matthiola W.T. Aiton. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000023337. Accessed on: 21 Sep 2021'

General Information

3. Matthiola W.T. Aiton

Por I.A.Al-Shehbaz y S.Fuentes-Soriano.

Hierbas anuales o perennes, algunas veces subarbustos.Tricomas estipitados o sésiles, estrellados o dendríticos, rara vez bifurcadoso simples. Tallos erectos a ascendentes o decumbentes, algunas veces leñosos enla base. Hojas caulinares enteras, dentadas o pinnatisectas. Racimoscorimbosos. Sépalos oblongos a lanceolados o lineares, conniventes, erectos, elpar lateral con la base marcadamente sacciforme; pétalos más largos que lossépalos, ampliamente obovados, espatulados, oblongos o lineares, amarillo-verdosos,blancos, rosados, color púrpura o pardos, unguiculados; estambres 6,marcadamente tetradínamos; nectarios laterales 1, 2 o 4; nectarios medialesausentes; óvulos (5-)15 a 60 por ovario. Silicuas dehiscentes, lineares,teretes o latiseptas, sésiles; replo redondeado; septo completo; estiloobsoleto o hasta 3 mm; estigma cónico, bilobado, los lobos prominentes,conniventes, decurrentes, sin apéndices o con 2 a 3 apéndices corniformes;semillas uniseriadas, angostamente aladas o sin alas, aplanadas, nomucilaginosas cuando se humedecen; cotiledones acumbentes. Aprox. 50 spp.Europa, Asia, norte y este de África e Islas del Atlántico (Islas Canarias);introducido en todo el mundo.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Herbs annual or perennial. Trichomes eglandular, stalked or sessile, stellate or dendritic, rarely forked or simple, sometimes mixed with glandular, multicellular, multiseriate ones. Basal leaves petiolate, rosulate or not, simple, entire, dentate, or pinnatisect. Cauline leaves petiolate or sessile and not auriculate, entire, dentate, or pinnatisect. Racemes ebracteate, elongated in fruit. Fruiting pedicels erect or divaricate. Sepals oblong or linear, connivent, erect, base of lateral pair strongly saccate. Petals yellowish green, white, pink, purple, or brown, much longer than sepals, clawed; blade broadly obovate, spatulate, oblong, or linear, flat or involute, crisped or not, apex obtuse or emarginate. Stamens 6, strongly tetradynamous; filaments not dilated at base; anthers oblong or linear, obtuse at apex. Nectar glands lateral, 4, when 1 on each side of lateral stamen, or 2, when semiannular and intrastaminal; median glands absent. Ovules (5-)15-60 per ovary. Fruit dehiscent siliques, linear, terete or latiseptate, sessile; valves with a prominent midvein, often torulose; replum rounded; septum complete, often opaque, veinless; style obsolete or up to 3 mm; stigma conical, 2-lobed, lobes prominent, connivent, free or connate, decurrent, unappendaged or with 2 or 3 hornlike appendages. Seeds uniseriate, narrowly winged or wingless, oblong, ovate, or orbicular, flattened; seed coat minutely reticulate, not mucilaginous when wetted; cotyledons accumbent.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Annuals, biennials, or perennials [subshrubs]; (base sometimes woody); not scapose; (glandular or not), pubescent, trichomes stalked, stellate or dendritic, or, rarely, forked or simple. Stems erect to ascending or decumbent, unbranched or branched. Leaves basal and cauline; petiolate or sessile; basal rosulate or not, petiolate, blade margins entire, dentate, or pinnatisect. Racemes (corymbose, several-flowered). Fruiting pedicels divaricate or ascending [erect], slender or stout. Flowers: sepals (connivent), oblong to lanceolate or linear, lateral pair strongly saccate basally; petals yellow, white, pink, purple, violet, or brown [yellowish green], broadly obovate, spatulate, oblong, or linear (much longer than sepals, flat or circinately rolled inwards, margins crisped or not), claw differentiated from blade, (apex obtuse, rounded, subacute, or emarginate); stamens strongly tetradynamous; filaments not dilated basally; anthers linear [oblong], (apex obtuse); nectar glands (4 and) lateral, 1 on each side of lateral stamen, or (2 and) semiannular, intrastaminal. Fruits sessile, linear, subtorulose [torulose], often straight, terete or latiseptate; valves each with prominent midvein, pubescent; replum rounded; septum complete, (often opaque, veinless); style obsolete or distinct; stigma conical, 2-lobed (lobes prominent, distinct or connate, decurrent, with or without 2 or 3 hornlike appendages). Seeds flattened, narrowly winged or not winged, oblong, ovate, suborbicular, or orbicular; seed coat (minutely reticulate), not mucilaginous when wetted; cotyledons accumbent. x = 7.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Fruit a siliqua, linear, terete or dorso-ventrally compressed, sometimes torulose, without transverse septa; style often 2-horned

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Ovary linear; stigma practically sessile, conoidal with decurrent narrow lobes, bifid; ovules numerous

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Nectaries as prominent horseshoe-shaped glands outside each lateral stamen-base, often continuing outside the base of the median stamens (sometimes forming a ring)

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Stamens 6, distinctly tetradynamous; filaments free, the median dilated, the lateral linear; anthers acuminate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Petals purplish, violet or sordid white, distinctly clawed

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Sepals erect, the inner saccate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Racemes ebracteate, with rather few showy flowers, elongate in fruit

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Leaves undivided to pinnatifid

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Seeds uniseriate, suborbicular, compressed, often winged.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Annual herbs to subshrubs, ± branched, with often dense greyish or whitish tomentum of branched and sometimes also glandular hairs

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Stock [For Pietro Andrea Matthioli, 1500-1577, Italian artist and botanist]

     Information From

    Brassicaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).