Mimosa 
  • DORMILONA


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Mimosa . Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000024328. Accessed on: 21 Sep 2021'

General Information

Shrubs or herbs, rarely trees or climbers, usually armed. Stipules not spinescent, usually 2 per pinna, small, caducous. Leaves bipinnate, often sensitive. Heads globose or spikes cylindric, solitary or fasciculate, axillary, pedunculate. Flowers small, bisexual or polygamous, sessile, usually 4-merous. Calyx connate, valvate, campanulate, toothed. Petals connate at base. Stamens 4 or 8, free, exserted; anthers without glands. Ovary many ovuled; style filiform. Legume oblong or linear, usually plano-compressed, mem­branous or leathery, composed of 1-seeded segments, separating from persistent margins. Seeds elliptic or orbicular, flat.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    MIMOSA L.; Leptoglottis DC.; Mimosopsis Britton & Rose; Morongia Britton; Neomimosa Britton & Rose; Pteromimosa Britton; Schrankia Willd.

    Por Rosaura Grether

    Hierbas anuales o bianuales, o sufruticosas erectas, rastreras, decumbentes o trepadoras, o arbustos erectos, rastreros o decumbentes, o bejucos o árboles pequeños, generalmente armados con aguijones infraestipulares o dispuestos irregularmente o a lo largo de los entrenudos, a veces inermes; plantas hermafroditas o en algunos casos andromonoicas con las flores estaminadas dispuestas en la porción inferior de la inflorescencia. Hojas biparipinnadas, pinnas 1–numerosos pares; folíolos 1–numerosos pares por pinna; pecíolos eglandulosos, rara vez con una glándula en la base, estípulas pequeñas. Inflorescencias cabezuelas, espigas o rara vez racimos, axilares o dispuestas en ramas racemiformes o paniculiformes, o en racimos o panículas axilares o terminales, pedúnculos generalmente inermes, rara vez espinosos, brácteas florales desde 1/5–1/4 de la longitud de la corola a más largas que ésta, flores sésiles o pediceladas; cáliz de 4 ó 5 lobos, 1/10–2/3 de la longitud de la corola, campanulado o laciniado, rara vez en forma de vilano o reducido a unas cuantas setas; corola gamopétala, de 4 ó 5 lobos valvados, blanca, rosada o purpúrea al menos en los lobos; estambres en igual número que los lobos de la corola (flores haplostémonas) o en doble número que éstos (flores diplostémonas), los filamentos libres o rara vez fusionados en la base, exertos, blancos o rosados a lilas, las anteras eglandulosas, dorsifijas, introrsas; ovario sésil a estipitado, glabro a pubescente o setoso, estilo filiforme, más largo que los estambres, con el extremo apical generalmente atenuado, en ocasiones cupuliforme u oblicuamente infundibuliforme o tubular, estigma formado por un poro terminal. Fruto linear a ampliamente oblongo o lanceolado, sésil a estipitado, valvas generalmente divididas en segmentos transversales o rara vez indivisas, inermes a espinosas, glabras o con indumento diverso, margen persistente, espinoso o inerme; semillas lenticulares, isodiamétricas, elípticas, oblongas, tetragonales o rómbicas, testa lisa o porosa, ocre a café-rojiza o negra, con la línea fisural bien definida.

    Género de América, Africa y Asia con ca 480 especies, principalmente en regiones tropicales, en zonas áridas y semiáridas y algunas especies en regiones templadas, la mayoría de las especies americanas distribuidas desde el sur de los Estados Unidos hasta Brasil y Argentina; 19 especies se encuentra en Nicaragua y 4 más se esperan encontrar. La localidad tipo indicada en la descripción original de Mimosa guatemalensis ( Hook. & Arn.) Benth. corresponde a la población de El Realejo (Nicaragua); sin embargo, existe confusión en cuanto a la procedencia del ejemplar tipo y es muy probable que se haya mezclado el material colectado, ya que esta planta es muy abundante en México, desde Sinaloa y Nayarit (donde se encuentra Tepic) hasta Guerrero, en la costa del Pacífico y no se conoce de Centroamérica. Los autores de la especie eligieron el epíteto guatemalensis, pues en ese entonces El Realejo era parte de Guatemala. Algunas especies sirven como forraje; la corteza de otras es usada localmente para curtir pieles y la madera es un excelente combustible; además se conoce el uso de ciertas mimosas como cercas vivas y en medicina popular.

    R. Grether. Taxonomic and nomenclatural notes on the genus Mimosa (Leguminosae). J. Arnold Arbor. 68: 309–

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Coarse herbs or shrubs (in Panama), usually sprawling, decumbent to sub- scandent, heavily or lightly armed (in all Panamanian species except sometimes M. pusilla) with recurved thorns, variously pubescent. Leaves often sensitive (re- sponding visibly to touch or other stimuli), bipinnate, the pinnae 1 to many pairs, opposite, the leaflets 2 to many pairs per pinna; petioles pulvinate, eglandular (in Panama), usually aculeate; rachis eglandular but often spinose- or subulate- appendaged; pinnae usually short, pulvinate, the pulvinus commonly setose; leaf- lets large and few or more commonly-- small and many, inequilateral basally, if pubescent usually strigose; stipules narrow, subpersistent. Inflorescence of pedunc- ulate heads (in all Panamanian species) or spikes, these axillary from lower foliate and/or subterminal non-foliate nodes-; floral bractlets usually shorter than the corolla, subpersistent. Flowers pinkish or whitish, normally sessile, small, numerous, usually perfect; calyx commonly very minute; corolla several times exceeding the calyx, usually funnelform, 3-6 (mostly 4) -lobed, the lobes equalling or shorter than the tube, valvate; stamens as many as or twice as many as the corolla lobes, free, exserted, the small anthers eglandular; ovary generally short, few- to many- ovulate, the style about equalling the stamens, the stigma not expanded. Legume linear to broadly oblong, flat, thin, with persistent margins, usually (as with all Panamanian species) transversely articulate, commonly setose-spinose.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Hierbas, arbustos o (raramente) árboles erectos, rastreros, decumbentes o trepadores, o lianas, hermafroditas o andromonoicos, las ramitas usualmente con espinas; estípulas pequeñas, subuladas a angostamente lanceoladas, persistentes o deciduas. Hojas bipinnadamente compuestas; pecíolo inerme o espinoso, con o (usualmente) sin nectarios glandulares; raquis (a veces nulo) inerme o espinoso, con o sin nectarios glandulares; pinnas 1–14(–17) pares (en CR); folíolos 1–46(–60) pares por pinna (en CR), opuestos (en CR). Infls. axilares, capituladas o capitulado-racemosas a -paniculadas, o espigadas a racemosas. Fls. blancas o rosado pálido, actinomorfas, sésiles o pediceladas; sépalos connatos en un cáliz campanulado, (3)4 ó 5-lobulado; pétalos (3)4 ó 5, connatos en una corola campanulada, lobulada; estambres (3)4–10, los filamentos separados; anteras sin glándulas. Frs. por lo general agrupados en el ápice del pedúnculo, por lo general pardo rojizo (cuando secos), lineares u oblongos, aplanados, membranáceos a coriáceos o crustáceos, con dehiscencia transversal, a veces divididos en artículos, los márgenes continuos y persistentes; semillas pocas a varias, café pálido a negras, generalmente lenticulares o comprimido-elipsoides, sin arilo.

  • Provided by: [H].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
  • "Fls perfect or the lower ones staminate; cal very small; cor gamopetalous, funnelform, 5-lobed; stamens mostly 10, with long, slender filaments; fr prickly, oblong to linear, obtusely tetragonal, the sutures (collectively forming a replum) about as wide as the persistent valves and separating from them at maturity; sprawling perennial herbs, armed with numerous stout hooked prickles; lvs bipinnate, sensitive, with small lfls; fls rose-purple, numerous in axillary peduncled heads. Nearly 600, New World. Description here based entirely on the small series Quadrivalves of section Batocaulon, forming the traditional genus Schrankia"

  • Provided by: [F].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Mostly herbs or shrubs, rarely trees, sometimes scrambling or climbing; prickles usually present

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Pods straight to circinate, flat, in our species ± bristly or prickly; at maturity the valves between the sutures splitting ± transversely into 1-seeded segments or rarely (not in our species) remaining entire; exocarp (at least in our species) not separating from the endocarp; sutures persistent.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Leaves bipinnate, or the pinnae seeming almost digitate on account of the very short rhachis, rarely (not in our species) absent or modified to phyllodes; pinnae each with few to many pairs of leaflets

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Inflorescences of ovoid or subglobose heads or (not in our species) spikes, which are axillary, solitary or more usually clustered and often ± aggregated

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Flowers hermaphrodite or ♂, small, sessile

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Stamens as many as or twice as many as the corolla-lobes, fertile

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Anthers without any apical gland

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Calyx very small, irregularly laciniate or denticulate in our species

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Corolla gamopetalous, 4- or sometimes 3-, 5- or 6-lobed

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Leaves 2-pinnate, or the pinnae seeming almost digitate on account of the very short rhachis, rarely (not in our species) absent or modified to phyllodes; pinnae each with few to many pairs of leaflets.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Mostly herbs or shrubs, rarely trees, sometimes scrambling or climbing, prickles usually present.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Flowers hermaphrodite or male, small, sessile.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Inflorescences of ovoid or sub-globose heads or (not in our species) spikes, which are axillary, solitary or more usually clustered and often ± aggregated.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Calyx very small, irregularly laciniate or denticulate in our species.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Stamens as many as or twice as many as the corolla-lobes, fertile.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Corolla gamopetalous, 4- or sometimes 3-, 5- or 6-lobed.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Pods straight to circinate, flat, in our species ± bristly or prickly; at maturity the valves between the margins splitting ± transversely into 1-seeded segments or rarely (not in our species) remaining entire; exocarp (at least in our species) not separating from the endocarp; margins persistent.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Anthers without any apical gland.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Arbres , arbustes ou herbes, parfois grimpants, généralement aiguillonnés.'Feuilles'bipennées ou subpalmées, généralement sensitives, à pétiole dépourvu de glandes.'Inflorescences'denses, en capitules ou en épis1.'Fleurs'☿ ou polygames, parfois dans la même inflorescence; calice généralement petit et peu distinct, 4-5 denté, à préfloraison valvaire; pétales 4-5, ± longuement unis; étamines 4 ou 8, à filets libres; anthères petites; ovaire pauci- ou pluriovulé; style filiforme.'Gousses linéaires ou oblongues, aplaties, déhiscentes ou séparées à maturité en articles et alors à bords persistants après la chute des articles.\n\t\t\t\tEnviron 425 espèces des régions tropicales; au Congo belge, 3 espèces dont 1 introduite.

  • Provided by: [K].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Habit

    herbs shrubs

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    DORMILONA

     Information From

    Fabaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • F Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • J
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • K http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • L CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).