Mimulus L.
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 634. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Mimulus L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000024336. Accessed on: 05 Dec 2020'

General Information

MIMULUS L.

Mimulus glabratus Kunth in Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 2: 370. 1818.

Hierbas perennes, glabras o escasamente puberulentas; tallos 7–30 (–60) cm de largo, rastreros, decumbentes, enraizando en los nudos inferiores, a veces parcialmente flotantes. Hojas opuestas, ovadas a orbiculares, 9–35 mm de largo y 8–30 mm de ancho, margen irregularmente dentado o a veces subentero, ampliamente cuneadas a truncadas en la base, pecioladas, o las superiores algo auriculadas y más o menos sésiles; pecíolos hasta 20 mm de largo. Flores solitarias en las axilas de las hojas, pedicelos 10–40 mm de largo, ebracteolados; cáliz 5-lobado, 6–12 mm de largo, acrescente, los lobos desiguales y unidos excepto por dientes cortos de 0.6–3 mm de largo, los senos ciliados; corola bilabiada, 5-lobada, 12–20 mm de largo, amarilla, frecuentemente maculada con café-rojizo, el paladar barbado; estambres fértiles 4, didínamos; estilo cortamente bífido, los estigmas comprimidos, enteros. Cápsula ampliamente ovoide, 5–7 mm de largo, loculicida; semillas ovoide-elipsoides, indistintamente reticuladas en hileras longitudinales.

Conocida en Nicaragua de una sola colección (Atwood AN148) de orillas de arroyos y sitios muy húmedos, zona norcentral; ca 1000 m; fl y fr jul; Estados Unidos a Sudamérica. Un género con ca 150 especies en el sur de Africa, Asia y América, mayormente de Norteamérica.

A.L. Grant. A monograph of the genus Mimulus. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 11: 98–388. 1924.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    "Cal tubular, angled or prismatic, the lobes usually shorter than the tube; cor bilabiate, the lower lip arched in the throat, or with 2 elevated ridges partly or wholly closing the orifice; stamens 4, inserted near the middle of the cor-tube; pollen-sacs divergent; style elongate; stigmas 2, plate-like; fr cylindric, loculicidal; ours perennial herbs with rhizomes or stolons; lvs opposite; fls showy, yellow to red or blue, on solitary axillary pedicels. 120, widespread but mainly w. N. Amer."

  • Provided by: [A].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Herbs, erect or decumbent, glabrous, pilose or viscid.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Corolla bilabiate, tubular; tube cylindric to slightly dilated at mouth, villous within, longer than lips; posterior lip bilobed, exterior in bud; anterior lip trilobed usually with two proturberances in throat; lobes subequal, rounded.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Stamens 4, didynamous, included or exserted; filaments filiform, variously inserted near base of corolla-tube; anthers bithecal, cells distinct or confluent at apex.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Ovary bilocular, oblong with many ovules; style filiform with usually bilobed stigma.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Capsule cylindric to ovoid, loculicidally dehiscent Seeds numerous, small, ellipsoid.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Leaves opposite, simple, entire or dentate.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Inflorescence of terminal, leafy racemes or flowers solitary, axillary.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Calyx 5-toothed, generally 5-ribbed or 5-angled, lobes shorter than tube, somewhat unequal, ovate-acuminate, tube campanulate.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Herbes'annuelles ou vivaces; tige rampante ou dressée, glabre, quadrangulaire avec des ailes minces, simple ou peu ramifiée.'Feuilles'opposées, sessiles à subpétiolées ou pétiolées; limbe lancéolé à obovale ou ovale à orbiculaire, obtus à subaigu au sommet, entier, lâchement denté ou serreté, à nervation palmée.'Inflorescence'lâche, en forme de racème, chaque nœud florifère portant 2 fleurs.'Fleurs'jaunes, bleues ou blanches avec des taches violacées ou mauves, à gorge jaune; pédicelle distinct, accrescent à l'état fructifère; calice 5-lobé, chaque sépale pourvu d'une aile formée par la nervure mediane; corolle à lèvre supérieure entière; lèvre inférieure tripartite; étamines 4, didynames; anthères à 2 thèques égales; ovaire ovoïde, glabre; stigmate bilobé.'Capsules'loculicides.'Graines à albumen non alvéolé.\n\t\t\t\tGenre comprenant environs 150 espèces, réparties surtout en Amérique (Ouest des Etats Unis), 4 espèces en Afrique, à Madagascar et en Asie tropicale. Pour la Flore: 1 espèce.

  • Provided by: [C].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Included Species

      Bibliography

     Information From

    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • A Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • C http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Phrymaceae
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).