Mussaenda L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 177. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Mussaenda L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000025036. Accessed on: 21 Sep 2021'

General Information

Trees, shrubs, or clambering or twining lianas, rarely dioecious, unarmed. Raphides absent. Leaves opposite or occasionally in whorls of 3, with or usually without domatia; stipules persistent or caducous, interpetiolar, entire or 2-lobed. Inflorescences terminal and sometimes also in axils of uppermost leaves, cymose, paniculate, or thyrsiform, several to many flowered, sessile to pedunculate, bracteate. Flowers sessile to pedicellate, bisexual and usually distylous or rarely unisexual. Calyx limb 5-lobed nearly to base, frequently some or all flowers of an inflorescence with 1(-5) white to colored, petaloid, persistent or deciduous, membranous, stipitate calycophyll(s) with 3-7 longitudinal veins. Corolla yellow, red, orange, white, or rarely blue (Mussaenda multinervis), salverform with tube usually slender then abruptly inflated around anthers, or rarely constricted at throat (M. hirsuta), inside variously pubescent but usually densely yellow clavate villous in throat; lobes 5, valvate-reduplicate in bud, often long acuminate. Stamens 5, inserted in middle to upper part of corolla tube, included; filaments short or reduced; anthers basifixed. Ovary 2-celled, ovules numerous in each cell, inserted on oblong, fleshy, peltate, axile placentas; stigmas 2-lobed, lobes linear, included or exserted. Fruit purple to black, baccate or perhaps rarely capsular (M. decipiens), fleshy, globose to ellipsoid, often conspicuously lenticellate, with calyx limb persistent or caducous often leaving a conspicuous scar; seeds numerous, small, angled to flattened; testa foveolate-striate; endosperm abundant, fleshy.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Morphology

    Seeds numerous, pale brown to blackish, small, usually ± flattened, the surface reticulated.

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Leaves petiolate, blades usually elliptic with an acute or acuminate apex, pubescent or less often glabrous.

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Stipules entire to completely bilobed, persistent or caducous.

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Shrubs, scandent shrubs or lianes.

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Flowers usually yellow to red or sometimes white, occasionally sweet- scented, isostylous or heterostylous, borne in terminal panicles.

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Calyx tube oblong, turbinate or ovoid; limb-tube small; lobes 5, usually subulate, linear, slightly spathulate or sometimes short and dentate or rounded, persistent or caducous; frequently several lobes on each inflorescence develop into a stalked white, creamy-yellow or sometimes red calycophyll (TAB. 73/A5).

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Colleters usually present between the calyx lobes.

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Corolla white, yellow or red; tube cylindrical, narrowly funnel-shaped or abruptly widened to accommodate the anthers, with flattened or fine hairs at the throat and between the anthers; limb 5-lobed, lobes reduplicate in bud, spreading at maturity, often with the centre portion connate, with short hairs and often a star-shape of longer, coloured hairs above.

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Anthers 5, the tips just level with the throat or inserted up to halfway down the tube, linear, attached by very short filaments near the base; connective very shortly acuminate at the apex.

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Ovary 2 (rarely 3–4)-locular; ovules numerous, inserted on fleshy placentas; style slender, sometimes divided into 2 arms; stigma included or occasionally exserted; lobes 2, ± oblong to fusiform.

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Fruit fleshy, indehiscent, globose, ellipsoid or oblong, sometimes crowned by the persistent calyx lobes, often lenticellate.

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Included Species

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Rubiaceae
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).