Pedilanthus Neck. ex Poit.
  • Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 19: 388–394, pl. 19. 1812.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Pedilanthus Neck. ex Poit. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000028415. Accessed on: 21 Sep 2021'

General Information

Shrubs, succulent, becoming woody, usually erect to ascending and only sparsely branched, often somewhat zig-zag, milky latex in all parts. Leaves alternate, distichous; short petiolate; stipules small; blades expanded, fleshy, entire, early deciduous. Cyathia in axillary or terminal cymes, subtending bracts opposite; involucral bracts 5, partly connate, forming a slipper-shaped structure made up of a widely lobed ventral pair sometimes with glands on the dorsal edges, a basally asymmetric lateral pair with glands on the dorsal edges, and a dorsal bract with glands on each edge. Staminate flowers numerous, naked; monandrous; pollen grains ellipsoid, 3-lobed in equatorial view, usually intectate, 3-colporate. Pistillate flower terminal, solitary; naked; ovary 3-celled each with a single ovule, the styles 3, bifid, connate for most of length. Fruit a capsule or indehiscent; seed ovoid, smooth or tuberculate, ecarunculate.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Erect shrubs or subshrubs, monoecious, most parts fleshy; indumentum of simple hairs; latex present, white. Leaves alternate, distichous; stipules small, glandular or not; leaf blade entire; venation pinnate. Inflorescence a strongly zygomorphic cyathium in dichasial cymes or cincinni, bracteate, stalked; cyathophylls inconspicuous; involucre obliquely shoe- or boat-shaped, base oblique, stalked, apex 2-lipped, 2-fid, inner segments shorter and narrower than outer ones, with 2-6 glands at base of involucre, or sometimes eglandular. Flowers unisexual. Male flowers many, each reduced to 1 stamen; filament short, similar to pedicels; anthers globose, thecae introrse, longitudinally dehiscent. Female flower solitary at center of involucre, oblique, with long pedicels; ovary 3-celled; ovules 1 per locule; styles slightly connate; stigmas 3, 2-fid. Fruit a capsule, 3-coccal, central column persistent. Seeds without funicle; caruncle absent.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Morphology

      Leaves shortly petiolate, entire, with small stipules

    • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 9
      • ]. 

      Inflorescence with cyathia in dichotomous axillary or terminal cymes; bracts paired, persistent

    • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 9
      • ]. 

      Shrubs or small trees with woody or fleshy branches and a milky latex, monoecious

    • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 9
      • ]. 

      Female flower pedicellate, with the perianth reduced to a rim below the ovary; ovary 3-locular, with 1-pendulous ovule in each locule; styles 3, connate, with bifid stigmas

    • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 9
      • ]. 

      Male flowers in 5 groups, usually bracteolate

    • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 9
      • ]. 

      Involucres with 5 unequal lobes and 2, 4 or 6 glands enclosed within an adaxial spur-like extension of the involucre formed from 4 gland appendages, often brightly coloured

    • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 9
      • ]. 

      Seeds smooth or tuberculate, without a caruncle.

    • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 9
      • ]. 

      Fruit 3-lobed, usually a dehiscent capsule, occasionally indehiscent

    • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 9
      • ]. 

      Leaves shortly petiolate, entire, with small stipules.

    • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 10
      • ]. 

      Shrubs or small trees with woody or fleshy branches and a milky latex, monoecious.

    • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 10
      • ]. 

      Inflorescence with cyathia in dichotomous axillary or terminal cymes; bracts paired, persistent.

    • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 10
      • ]. 

      Female flower pedicellate, with the perianth reduced to a rim below the ovary; ovary 3-locular, with 1 pendulous ovule in each locule; styles 3, connate, with bifid stigmas.

    • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 10
      • ]. 

      Fruit 3-lobed, usually a dehiscent capsule, occasionally indehiscent.

    • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 10
      • ]. 

      Involucres with 5 unequal lobes and 2, 4 or 6 glands enclosed within an adaxial spur-like extension of the involucre formed from 4 gland appendages, often brightly coloured.

    • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 10
      • ]. 

      Male flowers in 5 groups, usually bracteolate.

    • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 10
      • ]. 

      Seeds smooth or tuberculate, without a caruncle.

    • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 10
      • ]. 

      Habit

      Shrubs

    • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 12
      • ]. 

      Distribution

      A tropical American genus of 14 species centered in Mexico. Only a single species is represented in Panama, and all collections (at least from naturally occurring plants), fall in the typical subspecies.

    • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 12
      • ]. 

       Information From

      Euphorbiaceae
      • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • B
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • C
      Flora de Panama
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
      Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
      • D Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
      'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • E Missouri Botanical Garden