Pelargonium L'Hér. ex Aiton
  • Hort. Kew. 2: 417. 1789.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Pelargonium L'Hér. ex Aiton. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000028455. Accessed on: 21 Sep 2021'

Morphology

Stamens 10, connate at the base, with only 2–7 filaments bearing anthers, the remaining ones vestigial (staminodes); anthers dorsifixed

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Extrastaminal glands absent

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    Ovary 5-lobed, 5-locular (occasionally 3–4-locular by abortion), rostrate; each locule usually 2-ovulate, 1 ovule later aborting; style short or long; stigmas 5, generally filiform

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    Fruit a rostrate schizocarp; mericarps rostrate, 1-seeded, tapering from the apex to the base and ending in a point, hirsute; rostrum persistent, helically twisting when ripe, plumose on the inside

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    Herbes , sous-arbustes ou arbustes.'Feuilles'opposées ou alternes, entières, dentées, lobées ou pennatifides.'Inflorescences'en ombelles 2 à multiflores, rarement réduites à une fleur.'Fleurs'zygomorphes; sépales 5, imbriqués, le postérieur pourvu d'un éperon linéaire et étroitement soudé au pédicelle; pétales 5 ou moins par avortement, imbriqués, inégaux, les 2 supérieurs souvent plus grands; étamines 10, soudées à la base, dont 2-7 seulement portent une anthère; ovaire à 5 loges, terminé par 5 stigmates linéaires; ovules 2 par loge.'Fruits'se décomposant en 5 méricarpes à bec s'enroulant en hélice.'Graine 1 par méricarpe.\n\t\t\t\tGenre comptant environ 250 espèces et de nombreux hybrides, surtout sud-africains et dont l'aire s'étend de l'Afrique du Sud au Sud du Congo belge et du Territoire du Tanganyika. Quelques espèces se trouvent en Asie et en Australie; au Congo belge, 2 espèces.\n\t\t\t\tLe'Géranium Rosat,'un'Pelargonium'mal connu au point de vue systématique ( P. roseum Willd.? fournit une essence utilisée en parfumerie. Il est cultivé au Congo belge dans le Kivu et dans l'Ituri.

  • Provided by: [A].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Leaves opposite or alternate, usually petiolate, serrate, crenate, dentate, lobed, variously dissected or compound, rarely entire; stipules membranous, sometimes setaceous, rarely forming spines

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      Seeds ± oblong-obovoid, exalbuminous; embryo curved.

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      Annual or perennial herbs, shrublets or shrubs, sometimes with underground tubers, erect or decumbent, sometimes acaulescent or with subsucculent stems; stems viscid and aromatic, variously hairy, often glabrous

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      Petals 5, rarely 0–4 by abortion, usually unequal, imbricate, unguiculate or sessile

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      Sepals imbricate, often with a membranous margin; posterior sepals produced at the base into a spur which is decurrent along the pedicel and adnate to it

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      Flowers zygomorphic, mostly 5-merous, pedicellate, bracteate

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      Inflorescence a 2-many- flowered simple umbel, flowers rarely solitary

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      Disk or extra-staminal glands absent.

    • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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      Stamens 10, connate at the base; 2–7 filaments bearing anthers, the remaining ones often vestigial (staminodes); anthers dorsifixed.

    • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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      • 4
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      Seeds ± oblong-obovoid; endosperm absent; embryo curved.

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      • 4
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      Ovary 5-lobed, 5-locular (rarely 3–4-locular by abortion), rostrate; loculi 2-ovulate; style present, short or long; stigmas 5, usually filiform.

    • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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      • 4
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      Fruit a rostrate schizocarp; mericarps rostrate, 1-seeded, tapering from the apex to the base and ending in a point, hirsute; rostrum persistent, helically twisting when ripe, plumose on the inside.

    • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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      • 4
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      Sepals imbricate, often with a membranous margin, posterior sepal produced at the base into a spur which is decurrent along the pedicel and adnate to it.

    • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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      Flowers zygomorphic, 5-merous.

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      Inflorescence a 2-many-flowered pseudumbel (flowers rarely solitary); bracts present.

    • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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      Leaves usually petiolate, stipulate, opposite or alternate, serrate, crenate, dentate, lobed, variously dissected or compound, rarely entire; stipules membranous, sometimes setaceous, rarely forming spines.

    • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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      Petals 5 (rarely 0–4 by abortion), usually unequal, imbricate, unguiculate or sessile.

    • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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      • 4
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      Annual or perennial herbs, shrublets or shrubs, sometimes with underground tubers; erect or decumbent, sometimes acaulescent or with subsucculent stems; often viscid and aromatic, variously hairy, often glandular.

    • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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      Included Species

       Information From

      Flore d'Afrique Centrale
      https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
      • A http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
      Geraniaceae
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • C
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • D
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).