Peperomia Ruiz & Pav.
  • Fl. Peruv. Prodr. 8, pl. 2. 1794. (early Oct 1794)
  • Peperomia


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Peperomia Ruiz & Pav. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000028681. Accessed on: 21 Sep 2021'

General Information

Herbs annual or, usually perennial, (Chinese species) rooting from nodes toward base of stem and with erect or ascending flowering shoots. Stems usually dwarf, fleshy; vascular bundles free, scattered. Prophylls absent. Leaves alternate, opposite, or whorled, main lateral veins all basal; reticulate veins inconspicuous. Flowers bisexual, very small, often within depressions in rachis, sessile. Inflorescence a spike, usually erect, terminal or axillary, rarely leaf-opposed, solitary, paired, or clustered; rachis as thick or slightly thicker than peduncle; bracts ± orbicular, peltate (sometimes oblong and/or not peltate). Stamens 2; filaments short, thecae ± globose, ellipsoid, or cylindric. Ovary 1-loculed; ovule 1; stigma 1, rarely 2-cleft, globose, apex obtuse or acute, beaked or brushlike, lateral or terminal. Fruit a very small, sticky nutlet, often partly enclosed in pit in rachis, sometimes distinctly curved.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Herbs , annual or perennial, erect, decumbent, or prostrate, terrestrial or epiphytic, glabrous or pubescent, sometimes glandular-dotted. Leaves alternate, opposite, or whorled, glabrous or pubescent, or glandular. Leaf blade conspicuously or inconspicuously veined, lateral veins ascending-arching, or inconspicuous, tertiary veins apparently absent or very faint. Spikes terminal, terminal and axillary, or opposite leaves, densely to loosely flowered. Flowers sessile, borne on surface or in pitlike depressions of rachis, floral bracts glabrous or glandular-dotted; stamens 2, attached at base of ovary; stigma 1, sometimes cleft. Fruits sessile or stipitate, globose, ovoid, oblong, or pyriform, surface warty, minutely reticulate, or faintly striate, ± viscid; beak mammiform or elongate, straight, bent, or hooked.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    PEPEROMIA Ruiz & Pav.

    Hierbas epífitas o terrestres, en ocasiones decumbentes o trepadoras, raras veces saxícolas, nudos discretos o las plantas acaulescentes y cormosas. Profilos obsoletos. Hojas alternas u opuestas o verticiladas (por reducción de los entrenudos), filotaxia a menudo variable en un mismo eje o contrastante entre tallos fértiles y estériles, lámina entera, en ocasiones peltada; pecioladas a sésiles, el pecíolo sin desarrollo estipular prominente. Inflorescencias simples, solitarias, axilares, opuestas o terminales (a menudo de posición variable en el mismo eje), o compuestas, geminadas o en grupos de más de 3 conformando umbelas, panículas o racimos, espigas erectas o raramente péndulas, raquis de la inflorescencia glabro u ocasionalmente papilado o pubescente, bráctea floral orbicular, glabra o raras veces con indumento, nunca fimbriada, flores laxamente agrupadas sobre el raquis sin formar bandas alrededor de la espiga, sésiles o pediceladas; estambres 2, anteras unitecas, con dehiscencia horizontal; pistilo parcialmente inmerso en el raquis, monocarpelar, distalmente con un sobrecrecimiento translúcido (pico), apicalmente mamiforme o rostrado, estigma fimbriado, solitario, lateral o terminal, en el lado abaxial del pico. Fruto ovoide o cilíndrico con un pericarpio víscido y a menudo verrugoso.

    El género Peperomia incluye ca 1200 especies; 50 especies se conocen en Nicaragua. Aunque pantropical en su distribución, la mayoría de las especies se encuentran en los paleotrópicos (ca 1000) y están claramente relacionadas con especies neotropicales de distribución amplia. Unas pocas especies son utilizadas localmente como diuréticos o como plantas ornamentales.

    H. Dahlstedt. Studien über Süd- und Central Amerikanische Peperomien. Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 33(2): 1–218. 1900.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Prostrate, assurgent or erect, succulent, terrestrial or epiphytic herbs; leaves alternate, opposite, or whorled, simple, entire, sometimes peltate, glabrous or more or less hairy, commonly yellow- or black-glandular-dotted, sessile or petiolate, venation palmate, pinnate, or plinerved with the nerves coalescing toward the base; spikes terminal, axillary, or leaf-opposed, slender, sometimes up to 15 cm. or more long; flowers sessile, in the axils of more or less round, peltate bracts, perfect, perianth none, stamens 2, ovary 1, with obliquely scutelliform, rounded-mammi- form, somewhat stylose, or rostrate beak; stigma apical or subapical; fruit very small, globose, ellipsoidal, or subcylindrical, one-seeded, drupe-like, with a thin pericarp and somewhat hardened endocarp, commonly verrucose and viscid.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
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    Morphology

    Stigma 1 (rarely 2), sessile or style developed, simple or sometimes sunken, usually fimbriate, apical, subapical on the abaxial side and usually oblique or at base of apical beak

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Stamens 2, borne at base of the ovary, soon deciduous; anthers subglobose or ellipsoid, 2-thecous, with filaments usually much shorter

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Flowers hermaphrodite, numerous, congested or lax, in simple spikes or inflorescences of many spikes arranged in panicles, usually white, cream or green, sessile, sometimes borne in depressions in the rhachis; bracts round or ovate, peltate, glabrous or fimbriate, usually with gland dots

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Leaves alternate, opposite or verticillate, simple, entire, sometimes peltate, thin to thick and succulent, even ± globose, glabrous or pubescent with simple or branched hairs; petioles usually present; stipules absent

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Annual or perennial often succulent herbs, terrestrial, epiphytic or growing on rocks; stems erect, prostrate, spreading or climbing, the vascular anatomy resembling that of monocotyledons

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Fruit globose, ovoid, ellipsoid, subcylindrical or obovoid, rounded mammiform or with a small style (oblique or adnate shield-shaped or with short beak), sessile, pedicellate, or on flattened pseudopedicel, sticky, smooth or verruculose, affixed basally or subbasally

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Seed 1; pericarp thin; endocarp slightly hardened.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Leaves alternate, opposite or verticillate, simple, entire, sometimes peltate, thin to ± fleshy, often glandular-punctate, glabrous or hairy, stipules absent.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Annual or perennial often succulent herbs, terrestrial epiphytic or growing on rocks; stems erect or ascending, sometimes climbing.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Fruit a sessile or stipitate drupe; pericarp thin.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Seed 1, testa membranous or coriaceous; endosperm farinaceous.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Stamens 2, borne at the base of the ovary, soon deciduous; filaments short, very thin; anthers transversely oblong or subglobose, dorsifixed.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Ovary globose or ellipsoid, glabrous; stigma 1(2), sessile or style developed, simple, sometimes sunken, smooth or penicillate.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Inflorescences of solitary or crowded spikes, terminal, leaf-opposed or axillary.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Flowers hermaphrodite, numerous, sessile, sometimes sunk in depressions in the rhachis, usually white cream or green.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Herbes'terrestres ou épiphytes; tiges dressées ou rampantes, souvent ascendantes, portant des feuilles alternes, opposées ou verticillées.'Fleurs'toujours ☿, ± espacées, formant des épis dressés; étamines 2; ovaire sessile à stigmate porté par un style charnu souvent élargi en plateau oblique.'Baies globuleuses ou ovoïdes ne dépassant pas 1 mm de long.\n\t\t\t\tGenre groupant ± 420 espèces et remarquable par ses nombreuses espèces épiphytes.

  • Provided by: [E].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Boufford, D. E. 1982. Notes on Peperomia (Piperaceae) in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 63: 317-325.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Peperomia

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • E http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Piperaceae
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • I
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • J
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • K CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).