Phylica L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 195. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Phylica L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000029371. Accessed on: 23 Oct 2021'

Morphology

Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate (to nearly sessile but not in East Africa); blade-margins usually strongly revolute and entire or if toothed the toothing rolled out of sight

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    Stipules absent (present in a South African species)

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    Flowers bisexual, regular, 5-merous, in tight head-like clusters (contracted thyrses) or in more expanded sometimes raceme-like thyrses (but not in East Africa), the heads often with extremely pubescent bracts

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    Cup variously bell-shaped or cylindrical, either only slightly or much surpassing the ovary

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    Shrubs (or small trees but not in East Africa), often in parts densely pubescent, often ericoid, with stiff erect branches and numerous stiff crowded leaves

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    Seed with a lobed structure embracing the base, this often called an “aril”.

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    Fruit a dryish schizocarpous capsule, tardily separating into the 3 mericarps each of which liberates its seed through a ventral cleft

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    Ovary inferior at all stages, 3-celled, often top-shaped, less commonly cylindrical; style simple with 3 minute stigmatic lobes

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    Disk very variable, usually thickened around the top of the ovary where it is free from the cup

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    Sepals 5

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    Stamens 5

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    Petals 5 (or absent but not in East Africa), cucullate or merely concave

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    Inflorescence a spike, raceme or capitulum, or with flowers axillary and solitary.

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    Leaves alternate, simple, shortly petiolate; lamina with margins usually revolute; stipules absent (except in one species outside our area).

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    Receptacle campanulate, urceolate, cylindric, obconic or terete, 5-angled.

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    Flowers bisexual.

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    Petals 5 (or absent), small, cucullate, unguiculate.

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    Sepals 5, erect or spreading, variously shaped, often with a prominent median vein within.

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    Stamens 5, inserted below the petals; anthers 1–2-thecous.

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    Seeds somewhat 3-sided; funicle dilated into a lobed aril embracing the base of the seed.

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    Fruit a capsule, mostly crowned with the persistent calyx.

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    Ovary inferior, 3-locular; ovules 1 in each loculus; style simple; stigma minutely 3-lobed.

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    Shrublets, shrubs or small trees.

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    Disk usually distinct and lining the receptacle or fleshy almost filling the receptacle.

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    Included Species

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