Physalis L.
  • "K. & A.M.Lu and K. & A.M.Lu, Sp. Pl. 1: 182., 1753."
  • tope-tope suevos


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Physalis L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000029503. Accessed on: 11 Aug 2020'

General Information

Herbs annual or perennial, glabrous or pubescent with simple hairs. Leaves mostly equal, sometimes paired, simple, petiolate; leaf blade membranous, entire, denticulate or sinuate. Inflorescences solitary flowers in leaf axils or branch forks. Flowers actinomorphic, 5-merous. Calyx campanulate. Corolla yellow or white, often with a contrasting eye, rotate or rotate-campanulate, subentire or lobed. Stamens shorter than corolla, inserted at base of corolla tube; filaments sometimes expanded at base; anthers dehiscing longitudinally. Ovary 2-locular, ovules numerous. Stigma minutely 2-lobed. Fruiting calyx becoming enlarged, inflated, entirely enveloping fruit, membranous or leathery, with 5 or l0 longitudinal ribs, base often invaginated. Fruit a juicy globose berry. Seeds numerous, compressed, discoid or reniform, minutely pitted; embryo coiled, subperipheral.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    PHYSALIS L. 

    Hierbas anuales o perennes o arbustos pequeños, mayormente ramificados, inermes, pubescencia mayormente de tricomas simples. Hojas solitarias o en pares, simples, enteras o dentadas; pecioladas. Inflorescencias de flores solitarias (raramente varias) en las axilas de las hojas o dicotomías de las ramas, pedúnculos ausentes, flores actinomorfas, 5-meras; cáliz cupuliforme, subcónico o infundibuliforme, lobado y envolviendo el fruto; corola rotácea a campanulada, a menudo levemente lobada (raramente hasta la mitad), plegada, amarilla y frecuentemente maculada en la base por dentro; filamentos insertos cerca del ápice del tubo, anteras oblongas o elipsoides, amarillas o a veces azuladas, dehiscencia longitudinal; ovario 2-locular, óvulos numerosos. Fruto una baya globosa y jugosa, cáliz fructífero acrescente y envolviendo a la baya, a menudo laxamente, típicamente 5- ó 10-angulado, verde o morado; semillas numerosas, discoides, con el embrión enrollado.

    Género ampliamente distribuido con ca 100 especies mejor representadas en México; 12 especies en Nicaragua. La mayoría de las especies son malezas en terrenos alterados. Unas pocas especies se cultivan por sus frutos comestibles. "Popa".

    U.T. Waterfall. Physalis in Mexico, Central America and the West Indies. Rhodora 69: 83–120, 203–239, 319–329. 1967; M. Martínez. Revision of Physalis section Epeteiorhiza (Solanaceae). Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. Auton. México, Bot. 69: 71–117. 1998.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
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    Unarmed herbs or rarely shrubs, pubescent with simple, often glandular or viscid, rarely dendritic hairs, sometimes sarmentose. Leaves simple and entire, shallowly toothed or lobed; petiolate; minor leaves when present resembling the major leaves. Inflorescence axillary, bracts obsolete, pedicels solitary or rarely in small fascicles, often elongating and cernuus in fruit. Flowers perfect and mostly nodding, calyx valvate, 5-lobed, accrescent and loosely enveloping the fruit or nearly so, remaining flexible or becoming woody-chartaceous; corollas yellow (Panama), often marked in the throat, funnelform -or rotate, sometimes reflexed, induplicate-valvate, the margin nearly entire or with 5 short, ovate-deltoid to subulate lobes; stamens mostly equal, the filaments inserted in the corolla tube, pubescent or not, the anthers all fertile, yellow or with various amounts of blue or purple and drying greenish, oblong-ovoid, basifixed, opening by longitudinal slits, in some species twisting and curling, the connective not apparent; ovary 2-locular, the many ovules anatropous, the style exserted, the stigma small. Fruit a juicy or fleshy, slightly stalked, many-seeded berry, glabrous but some- times viscid; seeds compressed, slightly rugose, the embryo circinnate at the periphery of the seed.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
  • Morphology

    Disk annular, adnate to and surrounding the basal part of the ovary, to none.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Flowers solitary, extra-axillary or appearing axillary (elsewhere occasionally up to several flowers in small, axillary fascicles or rarely in terminal pseudoracemes), actinomorphic; pedicel slender, often elongated and drooping or nodding in fruit; bracts obsolete.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Calyx often as long as the corolla tube, campanulate or sometimes tubular-campanulate, 5-lobed to sub-truncate, the lobes if present as long as or shorter than the tube, often splitting at the sutures, conniving at the apex, with valvate aestivation; in fruit much enlarged and usually bladdery-inflated, often splitting at the sutures, loosely enclosing it (or elsewhere nearly so), 5- or 10-angled to -ribbed, sometimes ± terete, reticulate, often invaginated basally, contracted apically with a small opening surrounded by the lobes, remaining membranous or becoming chartaceous.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Corolla yellowish to whitish, often blotched with 5 darker markings, campanulate, rarely infundibular-rotate (or elsewhere shortly infundibular); tube short, ± hairy inside above insertion of stamens and ± glabrous; limb plicate, subentire, sinuate, 5-angled or shortly and widely 5-lobed (to exceptionally 5-parted elsewhere), sometimes ± reflexed; lobes ovate-deltate (to subulate elsewhere), with imbricate-quincuncial aestivation.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Stamens 5, mostly ± equal, usually inserted near the base of the corolla tube, ± included or slightly exserted; filaments slender (to nearly as wide as the anthers elsewhere), often ± straight, pubescent or glabrous; anthers oblong or linear-oblong to ovate in outline, straight or occasionally twisting and curling after anthesis, free or sometimes conniving, attached on the lower part of the back or at the base between the thecae, dehiscing by longitudinal slits.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Ovary 2-locular; ovules hemicampylotropous, few–numerous in each locule on a much enlarged, subglobose placenta adnate to the dissepiment near the axis; style slender to stout; stigma capitate to nearly truncate, sometimes 2-lobed to -lamellate, included or exserted.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Herbs or more rarely shrubs, sometimes sarmentose, glabrous to hairy; indumentum varied and often intermixed, the hairs multicellular (“jointed”) and short, unicellular, simple or occasionally stellate, often glandular or viscid, more rarely branched, also stipitate or sessile glands; rhizomatous structures sometimes present.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Fruit baccaceous, mostly ± globose, sessile or sometimes on a short gynobase, juicy or fleshy, often thin-walled, sometimes viscid, 2-locular.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Leaves solitary, alternate, sometimes 2 or 3 appearing together, one larger than the others, petiolate, entire to coarsely lobed, rarely pinnatifid.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Seeds few–numerous, flattened, laterally compressed, suborbicular to reniform; testa somewhat leathery, slightly rugose or smooth, glabrous; embryo ± circinnate, flattened, subperipheral, in a fleshy or horny endosperm, with a terete radicle as wide as the semi-terete cotyledons.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Habit

    herbs or rarely shrubs

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
  • Distribution

    Physalis has its greatest number of species in Mexico, but some species are found in Central and South America and a few occur in the Old World.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
  • Synonyms

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    tope-tope suevos
    bomba miltomate
    uchuba hierba de sapo
    ground cherry sacabuche
    huevo de tortuga huevito
    topeton

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    SolanaceaeSource.org
    http://solanaceaesource.org/
    PBI Solanum Project. 2017. Solanaceae Source. Jan.31st, 2015. http://www.solanaceaesource.org/.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).