Physocarpus (Cambess.) Raf.
  • New Fl. 3: 73. 1836[1838].
  • Nine-bark, physocarpe [Greek physa, bladder, and karpos, fruit, alluding to inflated follicles of some species]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Physocarpus (Cambess.) Raf. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000029540. Accessed on: 21 Sep 2021'

General Information

Shrubs, (10–)30–60 dm, glabrous or stellate-hairy, mostly eglandular (except in inflorescence). Stems 5–20, ascending to erect, ?branches erect proximally, somewhat sinuous?; bark buff to reddish brown or black, ?usually peeling in narrow strips?; short shoots present; ?buds superposed, each with ca. 5 exposed brown scales?. Leaves deciduous, cauline; stipules caducous, ?decurrent on stem, leaving oblique, broadly ovate to rectangular stubs?, linear or oblong to narrowly ovate, obovate, or elliptic, sometimes rhombic, margins sometimes remotely glandular-dentate, ?surfaces sparsely stellate-hairy (glabrous adaxially in P. monogynus)?; petiole present; blade broadly ovate to obovate or orbiculate, 0.5–10 cm, membranous, margins flat, crenate to doubly crenate or doubly dentate, 3–5(–7)-lobed, rarely almost unlobed, ?3–5(–7)-veined?, surfaces glabrous or sparsely to densely stellate-hairy. Inflorescences terminal or axillary ?on leafy short shoots?, 5–50-flowered, open to dense corymb- or umbel-like pedunculate racemes; bracts present; bracteoles absent. Pedicels present. Flowers 5–12 mm diam.; hypanthium cup-shaped to campanulate, 1.5–3 mm, exterior stellate-hairy; sepals 5, ascending to slightly reflexed, triangular to ovate; petals 5, white to pale pink, broadly obovate, elliptic, or orbiculate, ?base short-clawed, sometimes irregularly toothed or notched?; stamens 20–40, shorter than, equal to, or exceeding petals; carpels 1–5; ?styles slender, stigmas capitate?; ovules 2–5. Fruits aggregated follicles, sometimes solitary, 1–5, ovoid, often ± inflated, slightly flattened, size not recorded, splitting along both sutures; hypanthium persistent; sepals persistent, ascending to slightly reflexed. Seeds 1(–5), ?shiny yellow, carunculate?. x = 9.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Shrubs deciduous. Branches spreading; buds small, with several alternate, exposed scales. Leaves alternate; stipules caducous; leaf blade usually 3-veined, margin usually 3-lobed, serrate. Inflorescence a terminal corymb. Flowers bisexual. Hypanthium cupular. Sepals 5, valvate. Petals 5, white or pinkish, slightly longer than sepals. Stamens 20–40. Carpels 1–5, connate at base; ovary 1-loculed. Follicles inflated, dehiscent along both sutures. Seeds 2–5.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    "Hypanthium shallowly cupulate; sep 5, triangular, persistent; pet 5, suborbicular, spreading; stamens 20–40; pistils (1–)3–5, sometimes weakly united below; style elongate; stigma capitate; ovules few; fr a firm-walled inflated follicle, dehiscent on both sutures; seeds hard, shining, with endosperm; shrubs with stipulate, simple, usually lobed lvs and corymbose white fls. 10+, N. Amer., Asia."

  • Provided by: [A].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Nine-bark, physocarpe [Greek physa, bladder, and karpos, fruit, alluding to inflated follicles of some species]

     Information From

    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • A Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Rosaceae
    CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0). https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).