Picrasma Blume
  • Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 247. 1825. (Sept-Dec 1825)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Picrasma Blume. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000029620. Accessed on: 24 Nov 2020'

General Information

Trees with bitter bark. Branches with a pith, glabrous. Leaves odd-pinnate; base of petiole or petiolule often dilated into a pulvinus that withers when dry; stipules early deciduous or persistent; leaflets opposite or nearly so; blades entire or serrate. Inflorescences axillary, cymose panicles. Flowers unisexual or polygamous, 4- or 5-merous; subtending bracts small or early deciduous; pedicel with lower half articulated. Sepals small, free or lower half connate, persistent. Petals valvate or nearly valvate in bud, apex shortly incurved, cuspidate, longer than sepals, persistent in females. Stamens 4 or 5, inserted at base of disk. Disk slightly thickened, entire or shallowly 4- or 5-lobed, sometimes dilate in fruit. Carpels 2-5, free, degenerate or rudimentary in males, each with a single ovule; style connate basally, apex free; stigma free. Fruit comprising one or more drupelike monocarps (each a druparium); exocarp thin, fleshy, wrinkled when dry; endocarp bony. Seeds with a broad hilum, exalbuminous; testa membranous, slightly thick and hard.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    PICRASMA Blume

    Por William J. Hahn

    Picrasma excelsa (Sw.) Planch., London J. Bot. 5: 574. 1846; Quassia excelsa Sw.; Simarouba excelsa (Sw.) DC.

    Arboles o arbustos, 2–15 m de alto; plantas incompletamente dioicas. Hojas imparipinnadas, 5–13 cm de largo, folíolos 5–13, elípticos, elíptico-ovados u obovados, 5–12 cm de largo y 1.5–5 cm de ancho, agudos en el ápice y en la base, glabros o a veces puberulentos. Cimas puberulentas; sépalos 4 ó 5, 1 mm de largo, más cortos en las flores perfectas; pétalos 4 ó 5, 2–4 mm de largo; estambres 4 ó 5, alternos con los pétalos, carpelos 2–5, unidos en los estilos. Drupas ca 5–8 mm en diámetro, negras.

    Infrecuente en lugares abiertos, zona norcentral; 800–1400 m; fr may; Davidse 30453, Molina 30503; Centroamérica a Ecuador y en las Antillas. Un género con 8 especies, 6 en América tropical y 2 en Asia.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Simaroubaceae
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).