Podophyllum L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 505. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • [Greek podos, foot, and phyllon leaf]

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Podophyllum L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000030510. Accessed on: 25 Oct 2021'

General Information

Herbs , perennial, deciduous, 2-6 dm, glabrous to sparsely pubescent. Rhizomes short to elongate, formed of distinct annual increments, producing 1 leaf or flowering shoot per year. Aerial stems present. Leaves simple, variously parted. Leaves of nonflowering shoot 1, basal; petiole centrally attached, erect, stemlike, blade orbiculate, peltate. Leaves of flowering shoots (0-)2(-3), cauline, alternate or nearly opposite; petiole attached near margin, blade reniform-orbiculate, peltate. Leaf blades 10-38 cm, parts entire or lobed, margins entire or serrate; venation palmate. Inflorescences terminal, flowers solitary. Flowers 3-merous, 30-55 mm; bracteoles absent; sepals caducous, 6, white or pale green; petals 6-9, white or pink; stamens equal to or 2 times number of petals; anthers dehiscing longitudinally; pollen exine finely reticulate to verrucate; ovaries ellipsoid; placentation marginal; style central. Fruits berries, yellow, orange, red, or maroon, ellipsoid. Seeds 20-50, yellow, orange, red, or maroon; aril yellow, rarely maroon, fleshy, enclosing seed. x = 6.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Sep 6, biseriate, falling early; pet 6 or 9, 2- or 3-seriate; stamens twice as many as the pet; anthers opening by longitudinal slits; ovary thick-ovoid, with a large, sessile stigma; fr a large, ovoid, fleshy, many-seeded berry; perennial herbs from a rhizome, usually colonial, the flowering stem with a pair of lvs and a short- peduncled, solitary terminal fl. 10, N. Hemisphere."

  • Provided by: [C].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 



    Dewick, P. M. 1983. Tumour inhibitors from plants. In: G. E. Trease and W. C. Evans. 1983. Pharmacognosy, ed. 12. London. Pp. 629-647.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    [Greek podos, foot, and phyllon leaf]


     Information From

    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).