Prunella L.
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 600. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Prunella L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000031279. Accessed on: 28 Sep 2021'

General Information

23. Prunella L.

Por A. Pool.

Hierbasperennes, rizomatosas, no aromáticas, pelosas, los tricomas simples. Hojassimples, los márgenes enteros, serrados, laciniados a pinnatífidos, pecioladaso rara vez sésiles. Inflorescencias espiciformes en verticilastros, terminales,ovoides, globosas o cilíndricas, los verticilastros generalmente con 6 flores,las brácteas subyacentes anchas, condensadas. Flores bisexuales y estaminadasestériles, zigomorfas, brevementepediceladas a sésiles, con diminutas bractéolas subyacentes o lasbractéolas ausentes. Cáliz tubular a campanulado, 2-labiado, 5-lobado, el labioinferior bífido la 1/2 a 2/3 de su longitud, los lobos curvados hacia arriba yencerrando la garganta del cáliz fructífero, el labio superior más o menostruncado con 3 lobos cortos, bífido. Corola púrpura, azul, color crema oblanca; tubo infundibuliforme o dilatado en un lado, constricto en la garganta,anular por dentro; limbo marcadamente 2-labiado, el labio inferior 3-lobado, ellobo medio cóncavo, generalmente denticulado, el labio superior galeado,entero. Estambres 4, didínamos, curvando debajo del labio superior de lacorola, el par inferior más largo que el par superior. Filamentos con unapéndice subulado; anteras 2-loculares, los lóculos conspicuos, divaricados.Ovario 4-lobado, disco 4-lobado o sin lobos (Morales, (2004); lobos del estigma iguales a subiguales. Frutos ennuececillas ovoides a oblongas, apicalmente redondeadas o apiculadas, glabras,mucilaginosas. 2n = 28, 30, 32 (Morales, (2004). 7-15 spp. Europa,noroeste de África y Asia.

Prunella vulgaris es una especie naturalizada en las regionestempladas y montanas de América, África y Australasia (Morales, (2004); algunas poblaciones son nativas en Canadá, EstadosUnidos, México y Guatemala (Standleyy Williams, (1973).

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Herbs perennial. Leaves pinnatifid to subentire. Verticillasters 6-flowered, in terminal ovoid or ovoid-globose spikes; bracts broad, membranous, margin ciliate, overlapping; bracteoles minute or absent. Pedicel very short or absent. Calyx tubular-campanulate, ± flattened dorsiventrally, irregularly 10-veined, netted between veins, 2-lipped, base hairy, throat glabrous; upper lip flat, truncate, shortly 3-toothed; lower lip 2-cleft to 1/2 of lip, teeth lanceolate, mouth closed in fruit. Corolla tube gradually dilated on 1 side, exserted, throat slightly constricted, scaly annulate inside, limb 2-lipped; upper lip straight, galeate, margin entire; lower lip 3-lobed, middle lobe largest, concave, denticulate; lateral lobes oblong, reflexed. Stamens 4, anterior 2 longer, ascending to underside of upper lip, parallel, free; filament apex dentate; anther cells 2, divaricate. Ovary glabrous. Style glabrous, apex equally 2-cleft, lobes subulate. Nutlets brown, subglobose, ovoid to oblong, glabrous, smooth or tuberculate, apex rounded.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    "Cal irregularly 10-nerved, bilabiate, the upper lip broad, shallowly 3-toothed, the lower deeply cleft into 2 narrow segments; cor bilabiate, the upper lip galeate-hooded and entire or nearly so, the lower shorter and 3-lobed; cor-tube with a ring of hairs inside; stamens 4, ascending under the galea, the lower pair the longer, scarcely exserted; filaments ± bidentate at the tip, the anther borne on the lower tooth; pollen-sacs set end to end on the expanded connective, separately dehiscent; nutlets smooth; perennial herbs with blue or purple to white fls crowded into a dense, evidently bracteate terminal spike, the bracts sharply differentiated from the lvs. 4, cosmop. (Brunella)"

  • Provided by: [D].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Lamiaceae
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).