Rauvolfia L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 208. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Rauvolfia L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000032608. Accessed on: 02 Jun 2020'

General Information

Trees or shrubs with latex. Leaves whorled, rarely opposite, with glands axillary and sometimes on petiole. Cymes pedunculate, terminal or axillary, each branch ends in as many inflorescences and/or branches as leaves in a whorl. Calyx deeply divided, without glands. Corolla white, yellow, green, or pink, rarely with a red tube, salverform or campanulate; tube cylindric, swollen on 1 side at or above middle, villous inside distal half, throat not scaly, often with long hairs inside; lobes overlapping to left. Stamens inserted in widening of corolla tube; filaments very short; anthers ovate, free from pistil head, base rounded; disc ringlike or cup-shaped, entire or lobed at apex. Ovaries 2, free or connate. Style filiform; pistil head drum-shaped, with a pendulous ring, apex shortly 2-cleft. Drupes 2, distinct or connate. Seed 1, without coma.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    33. Rauvolfia L.

    Por J.F. Morales.

    Árboles, arbustos o hierbas; tallos con secreción lechosa; coléteres interpeciolares no evidentes. Hojas verticiladas, anisofilas o isófilas, pecioladas o sésiles, eglandulares, sin coléteres en el nervio central del haz, los pecíolos algunas veces con coléteres cónicos en la costa y base. Inflorescencias cimosas, terminales, subterminales o axilares, con pocas a muchas flores; brácteas inconspicuas. Flores con un cáliz de 5 sépalos, iguales, sin coléteres en la base de la cara adaxial; corola hipocraterimorfa, infundibuliforme, urceolada o campanulada, sin estructuras coronales accesorias, el limbo actinomorfo, la estivación sinistrorsa; estambres incluidos, las anteras no conniventes ni aglutinadas a la cabeza estigmática; gineceo 2-carpelar, los óvulos 2-4 por lóculo; cabeza estigmática más o menos cilíndrica; nectario usualmente anular. Frutos drupas apocárpicas o sincárpicas de formas variadas; semillas desnudas. Aprox. 110 spp. Pantropical.

    Bibliografía: Rao, A.S. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 43: 253-355 (1956).

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    RAUVOLFIA L.

    Arbustos o árboles con látex lechoso. Hojas verticiladas, anisofilas. Inflorescencia terminal o axilar, cimosa o de apariencia más o menos umbelada, las flores pequeñas, blancas; corola urceolada; anteras libres; ovario apocárpico. Fruto una baya drupácea sincárpica con 1–2 semillas.

    Un género pantropical con 100 especies, 35 de las cuales son americanas; 2 especies se conocen en Nicaragua.

    A.R. Rao. A revision of Rauvolfia with particular reference to the American species. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 43: 253–354. 1956.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Shrubs or trees, rarely vine-like, lacticiferous, the branches usually whorled. Leaves whorled, (3-)4(-5), ? anisophyllous within a whorl, non-glandular along the midrib, pinnately nerved, membranaceous to coriaceous, sessile to peti- olate, glandular in the axils, sometimes on the petiole; stipules small and decidu- ous. Inflorescences cymose, dichasial, terminal or axillary, few- to m' any-flowered. Flowers ? small; calyx 5-lobed, the lobes equal, without squamellae; corolla salverform, infundibuliform, urceolate, or campanulate, without appendages, the limb 5-lobed, sinistrorsely contorted; stamens 5, included, the filaments short, the anthers free and not agglutinated to the stigma; gynoecium 2-carpellate, apocarpous or syncarpous, the ovary superior, the ovules 2-4, the nectary an- nular or cupuliform, entire or dentate, the style 1, the stigma cylindrical, calyp- triform or sub-mitriform, obscurely biapiculate. Fruit apocarpous or syncarpous, drupaceous; seeds 1-4, naked.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Shrubs or trees, rarely vine-like

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    A large pantropical genus of about 110 species.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Included Species

     Information From

    Apocynaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).