Ribes L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 200. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • Currant, gooseberry [Arabic ribas, rhubarb, mistakenly applied to currants]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Ribes L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000033210. Accessed on: 21 Sep 2021'

General Information

1. Ribes L.

Grossularia Mill.

Por M. Weigend.

Hierbas erectas deciduas, rara vez arbustos perennifolios, rara vez postradas o bejucos fuera de Mesoamérica, inermes o con espinas simples o ternado-nodales y/o simples internodales; tallos teretes, la corteza frecuentemente exfoliante. Indumento simple y 1-celular, o 1-seriado o pluriseriado, algunas veces con tricomas ramificados y/o con punta glandular; indumento de tricomas subsésiles y/o 1-celulares y pluriseriados, glandulares o no glandulares sobre los vástagos jóvenes, hojas, flores y frutos. Hojas membranáceas a cartáceas, rara vez coriáceas, pelosas al menos en el envés, ovadas a subcirculares, 3-5-lobadas, la base decurrente, cuneada o (profundamente) cordata, los márgenes gruesamente serrados a lobulados, el ápice acuminado; estípulas generalmente unidas a la base del pecíolo, pelosas con los márgenes fimbriados; nervadura palmada con 3 nervaduras principales desde la base. Inflorescencias péndulas, algunas veces en racimos con pocas flores, con (1-)5-50 flores, cada flor con una bráctea pelosa y frecuentemente fimbriada y generalmente 2 profilos menores, o hasta un solo profilo amplexicaule. Flores bisexuales o unisexuales, rotáceas a campanuladas; lobos del cáliz oblongo-acuminados, rojo-verdosos o blancos; pétalos erectos o patentes, (obovados) ovados u oblongos con la base angostada, algunas veces involutos, (rojizo-)verdes o blancos; estambres 5, antisépalos, todos fértiles, o todos como estaminodios, los estaminodios no diferenciados con tecas completamente desarrolladas pero sin polen viable; disco nectarífero presente; flores bisexuales y pistiladas con un ovario completamente ínfero bien desarrollado, globoso, glabro a densamente glanduloso y/o peloso, con 2 placentas intrusivas parietales; ovario en las flores masculinas pequeño, con óvulos no desarrollados; estilo cónico a filiforme con 2 ramas estigmáticas y estigmas papilosos; óvulos numerosos. Frutos en bayas coronadas por el perianto persistente, frecuentemente cubierto con tricomas 1-celulares o glandulares, amarillas, anaranjadas, rojas, negras, rara vez blancas y/o cubiertas con una pruína cérea, acídicas o insípidas; semillas (3-)10-60, con una capa mucilaginosa externa y una capa interna dura, pardas a negras. 150-200 spp. América, sureste de Asia y norte de África.

El género Ribes es aparentemente hermano de Saxifragaceae y se diferencia solo por el hábito estrictamente arbustivo y los frutos en bayas. Este género es muy diverso tanto en Norteamérica como Sudamérica, pero no en Mesoamérica. Las especies mesoamericanas más norteñas pertenecen al subgénero norteamericano subgen. Calobotrya Spach (R. ciliatum ) y al del hemisferio norte subgen. Grossularia (Mill.) Pers. (R. microphyllum). La especie mesoamericana más sureña

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Shrubs usually synoecious (R. diacanthum dioecious). Stems usually differentiated into short shoots and long shoots, often glandular-pubescent, bearing spines at nodes or not, internodal bristles present or absent. Leaf blades roundish, ovate, obovate, reniform, or triangular to pentangular, surfaces glabrous or hairy, often glandular, palmately veined. Inflorescences terminal or axillary racemes, corymbs, or solitary flowers; bracts subtending pedicels persistent. Flowers: free portion of hypanthium saucer-shaped, cup-shaped, campanulate, or tubular; sepals greenish, white, yellow, pink, red, or purple; petals greenish, white, yellow, pink, red, or purple; nectary disc prominent, dark red, purple, or yellow, relatively thick, or not prominent, greenish. Berries globose. x = 8.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Shrubs, rarely small trees, deciduous, rarely evergreen or semievergreen, sometimes epiphytic. Branchlets spiny, prickly, or unarmed; spines sometimes verticillate below nodes. Buds with several scarious, papery, or herbaceous scales. Leaves alternate, rarely fascicled, petiolate, exstipulate; leaf blade palmately lobed or rarely entire, folded or rarely convolute in bud. Inflorescences many- or few-flowered racemes, rarely corymbs or subsessile umbels, sometimes flowers clustered or solitary. Bracts ovate to lanceolate, rarely ligulate or linear. Flowers bisexual, or unisexual and shrubs dioecious. Calyx tube rotate to cylindric or tubular, basally adnate to ovary; lobes (4 or)5, erect or reflexed at anthesis, petaloid, sometimes changing in fruit. Petals (4 or)5, concolorous, alternate with and often smaller than calyx lobes, sometimes absent. Stamens (4 or)5, alternate with petals and inserted on rim of calyx tube or slightly lower, often vestigial or with undeveloped pollen in female flowers. Ovary inferior, rarely semi-inferior, shortly stalked, 1-loculed, vestigial or absent in male flowers; ovules many. Style 2-lobed or divided for almost 1/2 its length, rarely entire. Fruit a juicy berry, with persistent calyx apically. Seeds many, albuminous; testa and endosperm gelatinous; embryo cylindric, minute.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    "Hypanthium prolonged beyond the inferior ovary, saucer-shaped to tubular; sep longer than the small pet; sep, pet, and stamens (4)5, the stamens opposite the sep and (except in R. lacustre) usually inserted at the level of the sinuses; ovary unilocular with 2 parietal placentas; style usually bifid; fr a many seeded berry; shrubs with palmately veined and lobed lvs (many of them fascicled on short lateral branches) and small fls in small clusters or racemes. (Grossularia, Limnobotrya) 150, N. Temp. and Andes."

  • Provided by: [F].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES Berger, A. 1924. A Taxonomic Review of Currants and Gooseberries. Geneva, N.Y. [New York State Agric. Exp. Sta., Techn. Bull. 109.] Coville, F. V. and N. L. Britton. 1908. Grossulariaceae. In: N. L. Britton et al., eds. 1905+. North American Flora. 47+ vols. New York. Vol. 22, pp. 193-225. Janczewski, M. E. 1907. Monographie des groseilliers, Ribes L. Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 35: 199-516. Messinger, W., K. Hummer, and A. Liston. 1999. Ribes (Grossulariaceae) phylogeny as indicated by restriction-site polymorphisms of PCR-amplified chloroplast DNA. Pl. Syst. Evol. 217: 185-195. Schultheis, L. M. and M. J. Donoghue. 2004. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of Ribes (Grossulariaceae), with an emphasis on gooseberries (subg. Grossularia). Syst. Bot. 29: 77-96. Senters, A. E. and D. E. Soltis. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships in Ribes (Grossulariaceae) inferred from ITS sequence data. Taxon 52: 51-66. Sinnott, Q. P. 1985. A revision of Ribes L. subg. Grossularia (Mill.) Pers. sect. Grossularia (Mill.) Nutt. (Grossulariaceae) in North America. Rhodora 87: 189-286. Weigend, M., O. Mohr, and T. Motley. 2002. Phylogeny and classification of the genus Ribes (Grossulariaceae) based on 5S-NTS sequences and morphological and anatomical data. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 124: 163-182.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Currant, gooseberry [Arabic ribas, rhubarb, mistakenly applied to currants]

     Information From

    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Flora of North America Association
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Grossulariaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • F Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).