Rinorea Aubl.
  • Hist. Pl. Guiane 1: 235, pl. 93. 1775. (Jun-Dec 1775)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Rinorea Aubl. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000033298. Accessed on: 16 Oct 2021'

General Information

Shrubs or small trees. Leaves alternate, rarely opposite, margin entire or serrate; stipules deciduous. Inflorescences axillary or terminal, racemose, paniculate, or sometimes cymose, rarely flowers solitary. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic, small. Sepals subequal, leathery. Petals equal or subequal, not spurred. Filaments free or ± connate, inserted inside at top of disk; connectives dilated abaxially from base or from apex into thin, scarious appendages exceeding anthers. Disk circular, slightly 5-lobed. Ovary ovoid, with few or numerous ovules; styles erect; stigmas terminal, not divided. Capsule usually 3-valved, rarely 2-valved. Seeds few, ellipsoid, glabrous or pubescent.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    RINOREA Aubl.; Alsodeia Thouars

    Arbustos o árboles pequeños. Hojas opuestas (en nuestras especies) o alternas, enteras a serradas; estípulas pequeñas, deciduas. Inflorescencias axilares o terminales, racemosas, paniculadas, raramente cimosas o con flores solitarias (no en las especies nicaragüenses), flores pequeñas, actinomorfas, pedicelos articulados, bracteolados; sépalos libres, generalmente persistentes; pétalos libres, mayormente reflexos en el ápice; filamentos generalmente con apéndices dorsales, erectos, glandulosos, anteras libres, con los conectivos formando escamas delgadas y escariosas excediendo las anteras; ovario 3-carpelar, cada carpelo con 1–3 óvulos, estilo erecto. Cápsula loculicida y elásticamente 3-valvada; semillas 3–6, glabras o pubescentes.

    Un género pantropical con ca 300 especie; 5 especies se encuentran en Nicaragua, otras 4 especies se conocen en Centro América.

    H.A. Hekking. Violaceae. Part 1. Rinorea and Rinoreocarpus. Fl. Neotrop. 46: 1–207. 1988.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Shrubs or small trees. Leaves alternate or apparently opposite, infrequently ternate, the stipules small and deciduous, the blade entire-margined to serrate. Inflorescences axillary or terminal, racemose, paniculate, or sometimes cymose, in- frequently flowers solitary. Flowers small, actinomorphic, the pedicels articulate, bracteolate; sepals free, equal or slightly unequal, ciliolate along the margins, usually persistent; petals imbricate, free, equal or almost so, sessile or very shortly unguiculate, mostly reflexed at the apex, white, yellow, or sometimes red; filaments usually bearing dorsal, erect, carnose, glandular appendages, these adnate only basally or throughout their length to the filaments and often ? united into a tube; anthers free, the connectives dilated dorsally from the base or from the apex into thin, scarious scales (connective scales) exceeding the anthers, the thecae some- times also appendaged; ovary with 3 placentae, each bearing 1-3 or more ovules; style usually erect, the stigma terminal. Capsules loculicidally and elastically 3- valvate, the seeds few, glabrous or pubescent, the endosperm copious and carnose.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
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    Morphology

    Inflorescence a simple raceme or a compound raceme or thyrse, rarely reduced to a solitary flower; pedicels articulate

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Flowers actinomorphic, very rarely slightly zygomorphic

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Sepals ± equal, margin often ciliate

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Petals ± equal, spreading or reflexed

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Stamens free or the filaments wholly or partially united into a tube, with or without a free margin; anthers free with a thin decurrent or non-decurrent prolongation of the connective (connective-appendage), and generally also with 2 free or ± united ventral or thecal appendages

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Fruit a loculicidal capsule with 3 contractile valves, each containing 1–several seeds, rarely semisucculent and indehiscent.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Shrubs or small trees, rarely above 20 m. tall

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Leaves spirally arranged, rarely opposite or verticillate, usually petiolate, entire or toothed; stipules small but enclosing the terminal bud, caducous

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Petals ± equal, often ± reflexed, white or greenish-white to yellow or red.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Flowers actinomorphic or slightly zygomorphic.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Sepals ± equal, margin ciliolate.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Ovary with 3 placentas, each bearing 1–3 or more ovules; style usually erect; stigma terminal.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Inflorescence simple or compound, cymose or ± racemose, rarely reduced to a single flower, terminal or axillary; pedicels articulated.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Stamens with filaments simple or bearing an erect dorsal appendage, free or more frequently ± united, when the fused dorsal appendages form a "free margin" to the stamen-tube; anthers free, with a thin dorsal prolongation of the connective ("connective-appendage") and frequently also two free or ± united ventral ("thecal") appendages.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Leaves alternate or, more rarely, opposite or whorled, petiolate, rarely sessile, entire or ± dentate; stipules small, enclosing the terminal bud, deciduous.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Seeds few or one per capsule, usually glabrous and smooth, with abundant fleshy endosperm.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Shrubs or small trees.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Fruit a loculicidal capsule with 3 contractile valves, rarely semi-succulent and indehiscent.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Arbustes'ou arbres.'Feuilles'alternes, plus rarement opposées ou ternées, pétiolées, simples, entières, sinuées, crénelées, serrées, dentées ou épineuses; stipules petites, rapidement caduques. Inflorescences axillaires ou/et terminales, très rarement cauliflores, en fascicules pauciflores, racèmes ou panicules, rarement fleurs solitaires; bractées et bractéoles présentes.'Fleurs'petites, jaunes ou blanches, actinomorphes ou faiblement zygomorphes; pédicelle articulé; sépales soudés à la base, subégaux à inégaux, triangulaires, ovales, concaves ou plans, glabres, pubérulents ou pubescents-hirsutes, ciliés; corolle suburcéolée à pétales imbriqués, libres, sessiles ou courtement onguiculés, subégaux, ± dissemblables, oblongs, ovales, ovales-anguleux ou obovales, dressés, à sommet recourbé à l'extérieur ou entièrement réfractés sur les sépales, généralement ciliés, certains munis sur la face interne d'une plage de poils blancs apprimés; filets des étamines soudés en un anneau ou en un tube de consistance et de forme variables, rarement presque entièrement libres, tube à bord libre ou sans bord libre; anthères sessiles ou à filet distinct, insérées au sommet ou à l'intérieur du tube, oblongues, glabres ou pubescentes, généralement plus longues que les filets; connectif élargi et prolongé en une lame finement membraneuse au-dessus des loges, plus courte ou plus longue que l'anthère, non ou ± longuement décurrente le long de celle-ci; thèques garnies ou non au sommet de la face interne d'un appendice parfois rudimentaire; appendices séparés ou soudés; ovaire ovoïde à subglobuleux, 1-loculaire; placentas 3, à 1-2 ovules; style droit ou ± coudé, cylindrique ou renflé au sommet; stigmate ponctiforme.'Capsules'ovoïdes-trilobées, le plus souvent tardivement déhiscentes, glabres, pubescentes ou farineuses, lisses, réticulées ou verruqueuses, papyracées à subligneuses.'Graines le plus souvent 3, anguleuses, lisses et glabres.\n\t\t\t\tEnviron 300 espèces distribuées dans toutes les régions tropicales, surtout d'Afrique. Quelques espèces existent dans les régions subtropicales (Natal). Pour la Flore, 42 espèces dont 5 représentées par 10 variétés et 4 imparfaitement connues.

  • Provided by: [D].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
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    Habit

    Shrubs trees

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Distribution

    A pantropical genus of about 250-300 species especially well represented in tropical Africa and characteristic of the rain forest; five species known from Panama.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
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    Included Species

    Synonyms

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • D http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • G
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    Violaceae
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).