Sesamum L.
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 634. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Sesamum L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000035179. Accessed on: 25 Oct 2021'

General Information

SESAMUM L.

Sesamum indicum L., Sp. Pl. 634. 1753.

Hierbas hasta 1 m de alto, ramificadas o no. Hojas basalmente opuestas, alternas y disminuyendo de tamaño hacia el ápice, ovadas a linear-lanceoladas, ápice agudo, base redondeada a angostamente cuneada, dentadas o enteras; pecíolos acanalados, los inferiores hasta 11 cm de largo, los superiores hasta 3 cm de largo. Flores solitarias en las axilas; sépalos connados solamente en la base, lineares, 5–8 mm de largo, algo carnosos, ebracteolados; corola oblicuamente campanulada, blanca, rosada o rosa viejo, nectarostigmas amarillo pálidos o ausentes, lobos no manchados; estambres 4, estaminodios ausentes. Fruto una cápsula oblongo-cuadrangular, café-amarillenta, no pectinada, dehiscente, con 2 rostros terminales de 3–5 mm de largo; semillas numerosas, obovadas, negras, cafés o blancas, testa brillante.

Cultivada e introducida en la zona pacífica; 50–350 m; fl jun–sep, fr ago–nov; Baker 42, Grijalva 509; nativa de Africa tropical y la India, ampliamente cultivada en México, Centroamérica y en otros países tropicales como materia prima para obtener aceite. Género con ca 15 especies nativas de los trópicos del Viejo Mundo y de Sur Africa. "Ajonjolí".

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Erect or prostrate herbs, often viscid pubescent with glandular hairs and with subsessile glands. Leaves opposite, but sometimes with alternate or cyclical leaves above, entire, serrate, lobed or dissected and sometimes pubescent with subsessile, peltate 4-celled trichomes and with elongate hairs, mostly petiolate. Inflorescences solitary flowers in the upper leaf axils, pedicellate or subsessile; bracts and bracteoles, wanting or obsolete. Flowers sometimes showy, yellow, red, purple or pink; calyx deeply 5-lobed, the lobes similar; corolla campanulate, 5-lobed, slightly 2-lipped, slightly gibbous basally, glandular with short-stipitate 2-4 celled glands; stamens 4, the anthers oblong, versatile, the locules parallel, the connective dorsally thickened and terminated by a gland; ovary oblong, the locules longitudinally demarcated, hispid, the style abrupt, slender. Capsule ob- long, longitudinally grooved or 4-angled, opening apically; seeds numerous, sometimes compressed, smooth or ridged, sometimes rugose, minutely 4-angled.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Plants terrestrial, annual or perennial herbs, rarely shrubs. Leaves entire or digitate. Flowers solitary. Pedicel short. Calyx deciduous or persistent. Corolla white, pink, to purple, obliquely campanulate, obscurely bilabiate; lowest lobe longest. Disc glandular. Ovary 2-locular, divided by a false septum almost to apex. Ovules numerous, uniseriate in each locule. Fruit a longitudinally dehiscing capsule, oblong to obconical, 4-sulcate, beaked. Seeds obovate, compressed, winged, fringed, or rarely smooth; testa smooth or rugose.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • "Fr a columnar, unarmed, 4-locellar capsule, dehiscent only at the summit; cal 5-cleft, nearly regular; cor campanulate, the limb oblique, the lower lobes the larger; stamens 4, straight, with parallel pollen-sacs; herbs with solitary, axillary fls, the upper lvs generally alternate. 20, Africa and India."

    • Provided by: [D].New York Botanical Garden
      • Source: [
      • 9
      • ]. 

      Morphology

      Seeds numerous, obovate, compressed, winged or wingless, smooth or rugose.

    • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Ovary 2-celled, subcylindrical; cells divided almost to the apex by a false septum; ovules numerous, 1-seriate in each division

    • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Capsule oblong or sub-obconical, grooved, beaked at the apex

    • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Calyx persistent or deciduous

    • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Filaments slender; anthers dorsifixed, cells parallel, connective gland-tipped

    • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Pedicels usually short, with nectarial glands at the base

    • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Disc annular, regular

    • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Leaves sessile or petiolate, entire, lobed or partite, often varying on the same plant

    • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Corolla foxglove-like, obliquely campanulate, limb sub-bilabiate, lowest lobe the longest

    • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Flowers solitary in the leaf axils, shortly pedicellate, white, pink or purple, sometimes spotted within

    • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Annual or perennial, erect or procumbent herbs

    • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Fruits longitudinally dehiscent capsules, cultrate to narrowly oblong or obconical in lateral view, 4-sulcate, rostrate at the apex.

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 6
      • ]. 

      Seeds numerous, obovate, compressed, winged or with a double, rarely single fringe, testa smooth or rugose.

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 6
      • ]. 

      Disk annular, regular.

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 6
      • ]. 

      Ovary bilocular, subcylindrical; loculi divided almost to the apex by a false septum; ovules numerous, uniseriate in each division.

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 6
      • ]. 

      Calyx persistent or deciduous.

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 6
      • ]. 

      Flowers solitary in the leaf axils, shortly pedicellate with extra-floral nectaries (reduced flowers) at the base.

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 6
      • ]. 

      Anthers dorsifixed, thecae parallel, connective gland-tipped.

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 6
      • ]. 

      Corolla white, pink or purple, obliquely campanulate, limb sub-bilabiate, lowest lobe the longest.

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 6
      • ]. 

      Annual or perennial, erect herbs, sometimes shrubs (not in the Flora Zambesiaca area) Leaves sessile or petiolate, lamina entire, lobed or digitate, often varying on the same plant.

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      • Source: [
      • 6
      • ]. 

      Habit

      herbs

    • Provided by: [A].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 8
      • ]. 

      Distribution

      native to the Old World and Australia with 18-34 species de- pending on classification. The greatest number of species is in Africa and India.

    • Provided by: [A].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 8
      • ]. 

        Bibliography

       Information From

      Flora de Panama
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
      Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
      • A Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora de Nicaragua
      http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
      WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
      • B Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
      'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • C Missouri Botanical Garden
      New York Botanical Garden
      Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
      • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
      Pedaliaceae
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • F
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • G
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).