Sinapis L.
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 668. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • Mustard [Greek sinapi, mustard]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Sinapis L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000035420. Accessed on: 21 Sep 2021'

General Information

9. Sinapis L.

Por I.A.Al-Shehbaz y S.Fuentes-Soriano.

Hierbas anuales o rara vez perennes. Tricomas simples oausentes. Tallos erectos, distalmente ramificados. Hojas caulinares noauriculadas, enteras, dentadas o ligeramente lobadas, con la base cuneada aatenuada, cortamente pecioladas o sésiles. Racimos corimbosos, con muchasflores, ebracteados, notablemente alargados en fruto. Sépalos oblongos olineares, patentes o rara vez reflexos, caducos, la base del par lateral nosacciforme; pétalos obovados, amarillos, patentes, el ápice obtuso oemarginado, unguiculado; estambres 6, tetradínamos; nectarios 4, mediales ylaterales; óvulos 4-20 por ovario. Silicuas dehiscentes, lineares, lanceoladasu oblongas, teretes a ligeramente 4-anguladas, latiseptas, sésiles, segmentobasal (valvar) dehiscente, con pocas a muchas semillas, más largo que elsegmento apical o más corto que él, toruloso; valvas con 3-7 venas longitudinales,prominentes, el segmento apical indehiscente, sin semillas o con 1-2 semillas;replo redondeado; septo completo; estilo conspicuo; estigma capitado, bilobado;semillas uniseriadas, sin alas, globosas, mucilaginosas o no mucilaginosascuando se humedecen; cotiledones conduplicados. 5 spp. Eurasia y norte de África;introducida en todo el mundo.

Bibliografía: Mulligan, G.A. yBailey, L.G. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 55: 171-183 (1975).

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Herbs annual or rarely perennial. Trichomes absent or simple. Stems erect or ascending, often branched apically, leafy. Basal leaves petiolate, not rosulate, simple, lyrate, pinnatifid, pinnatisect, bipinnatisect or/and dentate. Cauline leaves petiolate or sessile, not auriculate, entire, dentate, or shallowly lobed. Racemes ebracteate, elongated considerably in fruit. Fruiting pedicels slender or thickened, erect, ascending, divaricate, or reflexed. Sepals oblong or linear, spreading or reflexed, not saccate. Petals yellow, spreading; blade obovate, apex obtuse or emarginate; claw subequaling sepals. Stamens 6, tetradynamous; anthers oblong, obtuse at apex. Nectar glands 4, distinct; median pair ovoid; lateral pair prismatic, flat, or rarely lobed. Ovules 4-20 per ovary. Fruit dehiscent siliques, linear, lanceolate, or oblong, terete, somewhat 4-angled, or latiseptate, sessile, segmented; valvular segment dehiscent, few to many seeded, longer or shorter than terminal segment, torulose; valves with 3-7, prominent, longitudinal veins, thin or thick and obscurely veined; terminal segment indehiscent, seedless or 1- or 2-seeded, flattened and ensiform, or terete and conical or subulate, sometimes corky; replum rounded; septum complete, membranous; style distinct; stigma capitate, 2-lobed. Seeds uniseriate, wingless, globose, plump or rarely slightly flattened; seed coat reticulate, mucilaginous or not when wetted; cotyledons conduplicate.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Annuals [perennials]; not scapose; glabrous or pubescent. Stems erect, unbranched or branched distally. Leaves basal and cauline; petiolate or sessile; basal usually not rosulate, petiolate, blade margins usually lyrate, pinnatifid, or 1- or 2-pinnatisect, rarely undivided, (lobes usually coarsely dentate); cauline shortly petiolate or subsessile [sessile], blade (base not auriculate), margins often dentate or shallowly lobed [entire], rarely subentire. Racemes (corymbose, several-flowered), considerably elongated in fruit. Fruiting pedicels ascending, divaricate, or suberect [erect, reflexed], stout [slender]. Flowers: sepals usually spreading, rarely reflexed, narrowly oblong [linear], lateral pair not saccate basally; petals (spreading), yellow, obovate, claw differentiated from blade, (claw subequaling sepal, apex obtuse or emarginate); stamens tetradynamous; filaments not dilated basally; anthers oblong, (apex obtuse); nectar glands (4), distinct, lateral pair usually prismatic, rarely lobed, median pair present, (ovoid). Fruits siliques, dehiscent, sessile, segments 2, linear or lanceolate [oblong], torulose, terete or slightly flattened [4-angled, latiseptate]; (valvular segment dehiscent, longer or shorter than terminal segment, 2-5(-12)-seeded; terminal segment indehiscent, seedless or 1- [2-]seeded, flattened and ensiform, or terete and conical or subulate, sometimes corky); valves each with 3-5(-7) prominent, longitudinal veins, (thin or thick), glabrous or pubescent; replum rounded; septum complete; ovules 4-20 per ovary; stigma capitate, 2-lobed. Seeds uniseriate, usually plump, rarely slightly flattened, not winged, globose; seed coat (finely reticulate [smooth or alveolate]), mucilaginous or not when wetted; cotyledons conduplicate. x = [7], 9, 12.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    "Much like Brassica, but the valves of the fr with 3–5 prominent veins; beak 3-nerved on each side, often flattened and 2-edged (ensiform), often with 1–3 seeds; sep spreading to reflexed. 7, Mediterranean."

  • Provided by: [E].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Petals 4, unguiculate.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Stamens 6.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Stigma somewhat 2-lobed.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Silique terete, with convex valves, each 3–7-nerved, and a long beak with 0–4- (9) seeds.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Seeds 1-seriate, subspherical.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Cotyledons conduplicate.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Herbs, usually annual, with simple hairs.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Sepals spreading, not saccate.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Flowers yellow.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCE Baillargeon, G. 1986. Eine taxonomische Revision der Gattung Sinapis (Cruciferae: Brassiceae). Doctoral thesis. Freie Universität Berlin.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Mustard [Greek sinapi, mustard]

     Information From

    Brassicaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Flora of North America Association
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • E Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).