Tamarix L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 270. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • Tamarisk [Arabic tamr, a tree with dark bark] I


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Tamarix L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000037507. Accessed on: 26 Sep 2021'

General Information

Shrubs or trees, much branched. Young branches usually glabrous; two types of branches present: ligneous growing branches, not deciduous in winter vs. green vegetative branchlets, deciduous in winter. Leaves alternate, sessile, amplexicaul or vaginate, small, scale-like, glabrous, rarely hairy, mostly with salt-secreting glands. Flowers in racemes or panicles, blooming in spring; racemes lateral on growing branches of previous or current year and clustered in terminal panicles, or two types of flowering habits present in some species. Flowers bisexual, rarely unisexual, 4- or 5(or 6)-merous, usually pedicellate; bract 1. Calyx herbaceous or fleshy, 4- or 5-fid; lobes entire or faintly denticulate. Petals as many as calyx lobes, deciduous or persistent after anthesis. Disk variously shaped, mostly 4- or 5-lobed; lobes entire, or apex retuse or even deeply divided. Stamens 4 or 5, opposite to calyx lobes, or numerous, outer series opposite to calyx lobes; filaments often free, inserted between lobes of disk or at apices of lobes; anthers cordate, versatile, 2-thecate, longitudinally dehiscent. Pistil consisting of 3 or 4 carpels; ovary mostly conic, many seeded; placentation basal-parietal; styles 3 or 4; stigmas capitate, short. Capsule conic, abaxially 3-septicidal. Seeds numerous, minute; apical awns villous.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Shrubs or trees. Leaves usually sessile, sessile or amplexicaul in T. tetragyna, or sheathing in T. aphylla. antisepalous, sometimes also antipetalous in T. tetragyna; ovary pear-shaped; styles 3(or 4), short. Seeds beaked. x = 12.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    "Stamens 4–5; pet often long-persistent; ovary conic; placentas basal or nearly so; styles 3–4, short-clavate or obovate; fr conic, separating completely into 3 or 4 valves; deciduous shrubs or trees with small, scale-like, often imbricate lvs and numerous small fls in racemes or spikes borne on the old wood or aggregated into a terminal panicle. 50, Old World. Two spp. occasionally escape from cult. in our range, but are scarcely members of our established flora. T. parviflora DC. has 4-merous fls, with the filaments seated on the 4 lobes of the disk. T. chinensis Lour. has 5-merous fls, with the filaments arising from (or just outside) the sinuses of the 5-lobed disk (the disk lobes often emarginate). (T. ramosissima; T. pentandra, an illegitimate name)"

  • Provided by: [B].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Stamens free or connate at the very base

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Anthers extrorse

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Seeds with a crest of long hairs at the apex.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Flowers in narrow racemes or spikes

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Ovary narrowed towards the apex; placentas basal; styles short and thick; stigmas flattened or somewhat concave

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Seeds with a sessile apical tuft of hairs; endosperm absent.

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Petals without ligules

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Stamens free or shortly connate at the base; anthers extrorse

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES Allred, K. W. 2002. Identification and taxonomy of Tamarix (Tamaricaceae) in New Mexico. Desert Pl. 18(2): 26–32. Baum, B. R. 1964. On the vernales-aestivales character in Tamarix and its diagnostic value. Israel J. Bot. 13: 30–35. Baum, B. R. 1967. Introduced and naturalized tamarisks in the United States and Canada. Baileya 15: 19–25. Baum, B. R. 1978. The Genus Tamarix. Jerusalem. Baum, B. R., I. J. Bassett, and C. W. Crompton. 1971. Pollen morphology of Tamarix species and its relationship to the taxonomy of the genus. Pollen & Spores 13: 495–521. Gaskin, J. F. 2002.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Tamarisk [Arabic tamr, a tree with dark bark] I

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Flora of North America Association
    Tamaricaceae
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).