Thunbergia Retz.
  • Physiogr. Sälsk. Handl. 1(3): 163. 1776[1780].


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Thunbergia Retz. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000038303. Accessed on: 21 Sep 2021'

General Information

Vines [or shrubs], lacking cystoliths. Leaves petiolate; leaf blade margin entire to lobed to dentate. Flowers solitary or paired in leaf axils, or in terminal dichasiate thyrses, pedunculate; bracteoles leaflike, paired, enclosing calyx and most or all of corolla tube, distinct or fused along one side, persistent. Calyx much shorter than bracteoles, cupular with 10-20 subulate lobes or reduced to an entire ring. Corolla funnel-shaped, large; tube with short cylindric base then widened; limb ± equally 5-lobed. Stamens 4, often didynamous, inserted near base of corolla tube, included; anthers 2-thecous; thecae oblong or ovoid, parallel, spurred or not at base, sometimes bearded. Disk shortly annular or pulvinate. Ovary fleshy; ovules 2 per locule, collateral; style glabrous or pubescent; stigma 2-cleft, entire, or fringed. Capsule basally subglobose, apically prominently beaked, 2-4-seeded; retinacula absent. Seeds compressed to spherical, lacking trichomes.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    THUNBERGIA Retz.

    Herbáceas a trepadoras sufruticosas o arbustos. Hojas hastadas, romboides, deltoides, elípticas u ovadas, cistolitos ausentes; pecioladas. Flores grandes, solitarias en las axilas o en racimos terminales o axilares, pedunculadas, brácteas 2 por flor, foliáceas, grandes; cáliz corto, cupuliforme, truncado o dentado; corola subactinomorfa (en Nicaragua) a zigomorfa, 5-mera; estambres 4, incluidos, anteras ditecas. Frutos con una base globosa extendiéndose abruptamente en un rostro aplanado; semillas sobre funículos papiliformes.

    Un género con ca 200 especies principalmente, sino exclusivamente, de Africa y Asia tropicales; 4 especies cultivadas se encuentran en Nicaragua.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Herbaceous vines or shrubs. Leaves hastate, rhomboid or ovate. Flowers large, peduncled, borne singly in axils or in terminal racemes; bracts 2, foliaceous, large; calyx short, cupuliform, truncate or toothed; corolla 5-merous, funnelform; anthers 4, didynamous, attached near the base of the corolla tube, anthers with an apiculate connective; ovary fleshy, the style apically dilated; ovary basally subtended by a conspicuous fleshy nectary (rounded, entire disc). Capsule basally globose extending abruptly into a flattened beak; seeds 2 in each cavity, semiglobose, borne on papilliform funicles.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Habit

    vines or shrubs

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Africa

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Included Species

     Information From

    Acanthaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).