Tilia L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 514. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • Basswood, lime tree, linden, tilleul [Classical Latin name]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Tilia L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000038415. Accessed on: 26 Sep 2021'

General Information

Trees deciduous. Leaves alternate; stipule caducous; leaf blade base usually slightly oblique, cordate, truncate, or rounded, margin usually serrate or sometimes entire, often with hairy domatia in axils of veins. Inflorescences axillary, cymose, 3- to many-flowered. Bracts adnate to inflorescence peduncle, band-shaped, large, persistent. Flowers bisexual. Sepals 5, with adaxial nectary at base. Petals 5, white or yellow, imbricate. Stamens many, free or connate into 5 fascicles; anthers 2-locular, dorsifixed; staminodes when present petaloid, tightly enclosing style and stigma, alternating with petals. Ovary 5-loculed, ovoid, usually hairy after anthesis; ovules 2 per locule; style glabrous; stigma apparent, 5-lobed. Fruit a nut or capsule, globose, obovoid, ellipsoid, or ovoid, pericarp usually hairy, mostly woody or fragile and indehiscent, rarely leathery and dehiscent when dry. Seeds 1 or 2.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Herbs often annual, small, usually glabrous. Roots fibrous. Stems erect or ascending, sometimes ± stoloniferous at base. Leaves opposite, fused at base to form short sheath, flat or terete, margin entire. Inflorescences axillary, cymose, often shorter than subtending leaf, 1- to few flowered. Flowers bisexual, (3 or)4- or 5-merous, inconspicuous. Sepals free, spurless. Petals inconspicuous, free, dull white, greenish, pinkish, or yellowish, often translucent, sometimes shorter than sepals. Stamens as many as petals; filaments filiform. Carpels free. Stigma terminal. Follicles 1- to many seeded, dehiscent along adaxial suture. Seeds smooth, papillate, or striate.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Trees to 150(–300+) dm. Leaves deciduous, distichous; stipules caducous; petiole not winged; blade mostly ovate to orbiculate, base cordate to truncate, usually asymmetric, sometimes caducous. Flowers actinomorphic; sepals valvate, bases sometimes coherent, abaxially hairy [glabrous], adaxially usually densely pilose to villous; petals cream to yellow, lanceolate to oblanceolate; stamens usually in 5 fascicles [+ 5 separate stamens]; staminodes [0–]5, similar to, smaller than, petals; ovary sessile, (3–)5-carpellate, ultimately 1-celled; styles 1 per ovary; stigmas 5-lobed. Fruits nutlike, indehiscent. x = 41.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    "Fls 5-merous; stamens numerous, distinct or often united into 5 antepetalous bundles, in our native spp. the innermost member of each group modified into an oblanceolate or spatulate, petaloid staminode; style dilated into a shallowly lobed stigma; ovary tomentose, with 2 ovules in each of the 5 locules; fr tomentose, indehiscent, nutlike, 1–2-seeded; trees with broad, petiolate, palmately veined lvs very oblique at the base, and fragrant, white or ochroleucous fls in axillary cymes, the long peduncle adnate about to the middle of a characteristic narrow, elongate, short-petioled, foliaceous bract. 50, mainly N. Temp."

  • Provided by: [D].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES Ashby, W. C. 1964. A note on basswood nomenclature. Castanea 29: 109–116. Hardin, J. W. 1990. Variation patterns and recognition of varieties of Tilia americana s.l. Syst. Bot. 15: 33–48. Hickok, L. G. and J. C. Anway. 1972. A morphological and chemical analysis of geographical variation in Tilia L. of eastern North America. Brittonia 21: 2–8. Jones, G. N. 1968. Taxonomy of American species of linden (Tilia). Illinois Biol. Monogr. 39: 1–156. McCarthy, D. 2012. Systematics and Phylogeography of the Genus Tilia in North America. Ph.D. dissertation. University of Illinois, Chicago. Pigott, D. 2012. Lime-trees and Basswoods: A Biological Monograph of the Genus Tilia. Cambridge and New York.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Basswood, lime tree, linden, tilleul [Classical Latin name]

     Information From

    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    Malvaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).