Tulipa L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 305. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • Tulip, tulipe, tulipán [Persian thoulyban or Turkish tulbend, turban, alluding to the shape of the just-opening perianth]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Tulipa L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000039559. Accessed on: 21 Sep 2021'

General Information

Herbs perennial, bulbiferous. Bulbs truncate basally, sometimes elongate and tapering apically, covered with a tunic; tunic usually hairy inside. Stem simple or occasionally branched, proximal part usually underground. Leaves basal and cauline, spaced or ± crowded, rarely opposite, sessile and clasping at base, linear to narrowly ovate. Inflorescence usually 1-flowered; bracts absent or sometimes present. Flowers bisexual, erect, campanulate to saucer-shaped. Tepals 6, free, often colored, outer and inner ones different in shape, apex usually with a minute tuft of white hairs. Stamens 6, equal or 3 longer; filaments sometimes hairy; anthers basifixed. Ovary 3-loculed; ovules many per locule. Style columnar or very short; stigma 3-lobed. Fruit a loculicidal capsule. Seeds flat, usually subdeltoid.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Herbs, perennial, scapose or subscapose, bulbose; bulbs often stoloniferous, tunicate, papery to coriaceous; tunics variously hairy or glabrous adaxially. Leaves 2–6(–12), cauline, alternate, reduced distally; blade linear to oblong, somewhat fleshy. Inflorescences 1(–4)-flowered, bracts usually absent. Flowers: perianth campanulate to cup-shaped; tepals caducous, 6, distinct, often blotched near base, petaloid, ± equal; nectaries absent; stamens 6, distinct; filaments shorter than tepals, basally dilated; anthers basifixed, linear to narrowly elliptic, introrse; ovary superior, 3-locular; style very short or absent; stigma prominently 3-lobed. Fruits capsular, ellipsoid to subglobose, 3-angled, leathery, dehiscence loculicidal. Seeds many, in 2 rows per locule, flat. x = 12.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    "Tep 6, essentially alike, separate, erect or ascending at anthesis to form a campanulate or stoutly cylindric fl; stamens 6, filaments shorter than the perianth; anthers oblong-linear, introrse, basifixed; ovules numerous; style short or virtually wanting; capsule loculicidal; perennial herbs from coated bulbs, bearing an erect stem with a few oblong to linear lvs and a large erect, usually solitary fl. 100, temp. Eurasia."

  • Provided by: [D].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Botschantzeva, Z. P. 1982. Tulips: Taxonomy, Morphology, Cytology, Phytogeography and Physiology, transl. and ed. H. Q. Varekamp. Rotterdam. Hall, A. D. 1940. The Genus Tulipa. London. Pavord, A. 1999. The Tulip. New York, London, and Bloomsbury.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Synonyms

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Tulip, tulipe, tulipán [Persian thoulyban or Turkish tulbend, turban, alluding to the shape of the just-opening perianth]

     Information From

    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Flora of North America Association
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Liliaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).