Vinca L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 209. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Vinca L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000040296. Accessed on: 21 Sep 2021'

General Information

Herbs with stolons and watery juice. Leaves opposite, entire, short petiolate, intra- and interpetiolar glands present. Flowers solitary or rarely in 2-flowered cymes, axillary. Calyx small, without glands. Corolla violet, funnelform, tube cylindric, hairy or with scales at throat; lobes obliquely obovate, spreading, shorter than tube, overlapping to left. Stamens inserted just below middle of corolla tube. Disc glands 2, ligulate, alternating with ovaries. Ovules 6-many. Style filiform; pistil head ringlike, apex densely hairy. Follicles 2, erect or spreading, cylindric, striate. Seeds glabrous.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    41. Vinca L.

    Por J.L. Zarucchi.

    Hierbas perennes o subarbustos, en ocasiones escandentes con látex blanco. Tallos jóvenes teretes. Hojas opuestas, la mayoría glabras, submembranáceas a subcoriáceas; márgenes enteros. Inflorescencias axilares, usualmente reducidas a una sola flor; pedúnculos la mayoría alargados; brácteas ausentes. Flores pediceladas, rara vez produciendo frutos; cáliz persistente, los lobos 5, ovados; corola infundibuliforme, azul a azul-violeta, los lobos 5, sinistrorsamente convolutos en el botón, patentes o ligeramente reflexos en la antesis; estambres 5, insertados por arriba del centro del tubo de la corola expandido, las anteras modificadas y muy complicadas; ovario apocárpico, súpero, glabro, el ápice redondeado, el estilo terete con cabezuelas estigmáticas cilíndricas engrosadas. Fruto en folículos gemelos; semillas desnudas. 6 o 7 spp. Nativa de Europa; ampliamente introducida y cultivada, frecuentemente naturalizada.

    Bibliografía: Nowicke, J.W. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 57: 87 (1970). Stearn, W.T., Pp. 19-94, in: The Vinca Alkaloids: Botany, Chemistry, and Pharmacology (1973).

    La única especie en Mesoamérica es Vinca major.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Herbs, perennial, erect or trailing, lacticiferous. Leaves opposite, non-glandu- lar. Inflorescences 1-flowered, axillary, and alternate. Flowers medium-sized; calyx 5-lobed, the lobes ? equal, without squamellae; corolla infundibuliform, blue, rarely white, without appendages, the limb 5-lobed, sinistrorsely convolute; stamens 5, the anthers not connivent, with an enlarged connective; gynoecium 2-carpellate, apocarpous, the ovary superior, the ovules numerous, the nectaries 2, alternate with the carpels and about as large. Fruit apocarpous, of 2 follicles, terete; seeds numerous, dry, naked.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    "Fls perfect, hypogynous, sympetalous, regular or nearly so, mostly 5-merous; cor commonly funnelform or salverform to urceolate or cylindric, with mostly convolute lobes; stamens on the cor-tube, alternate with the lobes; anthers distinct or ± closely connivent around the style-head; ovaries 2 in our genera, with a common style and large stigma; ovules few to many; fr in ours of 2 slender, many-seeded follicles; ours herbs or twining woody vines with milky juice and opposite or (Amsonia) alternate, simple lvs. 200/2000, mostly tropical."

  • Provided by: [E].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Herbs

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    A genus of six species in Europe, Asia, and North Africa.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Apocynaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • E Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).