Vitex L.
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 638 [as 938]. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Vitex L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000040364. Accessed on: 11 Jul 2020'

General Information

30. Vitex L.

Por R. Rueda.

Árboles oarbustos. Hojas opuestas, palmaticompuestas, rara vez lobadas, generalmente con1-7 folíolos, glabras o puberulentas, los tricomas simples, los márgenes enteros o dentados. Inflorescencias en cimasaxilares y/o terminales, solitarias o dispuestas en panículas; brácteasinconspicuas. Flores bisexuales, zigomorfas. Cáliz cupuliforme a tubular, 5-lobado o dentado, rara vez 3 o 6-dentadoo subtruncado. Corola infundibuliforme, 4 o 5-lobada, generalmente2-labiada; labio inferior 3-lobado, blanca, azul, violeta o amarilla; labio superior2-lobado. Estambres 4, didínamos, exertos. Ovario con 1 óvulo por lóculo, elestilo filiforme, el estigma corto, bífido. Frutos en drupas, 4-loculares;semillas oblongas; cáliz fructífero acrescente, pateliforme o levementecupuliforme. Aprox. 250 spp. Áreas tropicales, subtropicales, pocas especies deregiones templadas, ampliamente cultivadas y naturalizadas.

Bibliografía: Moldenke, H.N. Phytologia 5: 142-176 (1955); 5: 186-224 (1955); 5: 257-280 (1955); 5: 293-336 (1955); 5: 343-393 (1956); 5: 404-464 (1956); 5: 465-507 (1957); 6: 13-64 (1957); 6: 70-128 (1957); 6: 129-192 (1958); 6: 197-231 (1958); 15: 240-268 (1967).

  • Provided by: [H].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    VITEX L.

    Por Amy Pool

    Arboles o arbustos, a veces bejucos. Hojas opuestas, palmaticompuestas, (1–) 3–7 folíolos, enteras (en Nicaragua) o dentadas, raramente lobadas. Inflorescencias cimosas, axilares y/o terminales, solitarias o arregladas en panículas, brácteas inconspicuas; cáliz cupuliforme a tubular (en el fruto acrescente, pateliforme o levemente cupuliforme), 5-dentado, raramente 3 ó 6 dentado o subtruncado; corola infundibuliforme, zigomorfa, 4 ó 5-lobada, generalmente 2-labiada, el labio superior 2-lobado y el labio inferior 3-lobado; estambres 4, exertos; estigma corto, bífido. Fruto drupáceo, 4-locular.

    Género con ca 250 especies, mayormente en áreas tropicales y subtropicales, unas pocas nativas de regiones templadas de Europa y Asia; ampliamente cultivada y naturalizada; 3 especies se conocen de Nicaragua. Dos especies adicionales son cultivadas como oramentales en Nicaragua. Vitex trifolia var. subtrisecta (Kuntze) Moldenke puede ser reconocido por la combinación de hojas unifoliadas y trifoliadas cuales son densamente cubiertas en el envez por tricomas diminutos y grisáceos; V. agnus-castus L. tiene 5 o 7 folíolos cuales son muy angostamente elípticos o linear-lanceolados.

    H. Moldenke. Materials toward a monograph of the genus Vitex. I. Phytologia 5: 142–176, II. 5: 186–224, III. 5: 257–280, IV. 5: 293–336. 1955, V. 5: 343–393, VI. 5: 404–464. 1956, VII. 5: 465–507, VIII. 6: 13–64, IX. 6: 70–128. 1957, X. 6: 129–192, XI. 6: 197–231. 1958.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Trees or shrubs, rarely woody vines, glabrous, tomentose or villous. Leaves decussate-opposite or ternate, palmately 3-7 foliolate, rarely 1-foliolate, the leaflets chartaceous or membranous, sometimes coriaceous, mostly petiolulate, entire or dentate, rarely incised or lobed. Inflorescences cymose, the cymes short and dense or loosely divaricate, sessile or pedunculate in the leaf-axils or aggregated in ter- minal racemiform, thyrsoid or laxly diffuse panicles, more rarely contracted into heads, occasionally few- or 1-flowered, rarely cauliflorous; flowers perfect, more or less zygomorphic; bractlets and prophylls usually very small, mostly linear, sometimes longer than the calyx. Flowers with the calyx campanulate, cyathiform, or rarely tubular-infundibular, 5-dentate, or 5-fid, rarely 3-fid or 6-lobed, the teeth mostly slightly unequal; corolla white, blue, violet or yellowish, long-tubular,

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Panama
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    cylindric, or hypocrateriform, zygomorphic, the tube short or rarely elongate, cylindric, straight or slightly incurved, sometimes slightly ampliate apove, the limb oblique, spreading, more or less bilabiate, the upper lip often bifid, the lower lip trifid, the two posterior lobes exterior and usually shorter, the lateral lobes larger, the anterior lobe largest, entire or emarginate, the upper lip erect, arched, or resupinate; stamens 4, didynamous, inserted in the corolla-tube, often exserted, the anthers 2-celled, the thecae distinct, parallel to divergent or arcuate, attached near the apex, dehiscing by longitudinal slits; pistil single, compound, bicarpellate, the style terminal, filiform, shortly bifid apically, the branches acute, the ovary at first imperfectly 2-celled, during anthesis usually 4-celled, the cells 1-ovulate; ovules attached laterally at or above the middle of the cell. Fruit drupaceous, fleshy, the endocarp hard, often horny, sometimes incrassate in relation to the cells, 4-celled; seeds obovate or oblong, erect, without endosperm; fruiting-calyx often accrescent, usually patelliform or very shallowly cupuliform, rarely partly enclosing the fruit.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Panama
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    "Fls perfect; cal 5-toothed; cor salverform, irregular, white to blue or yellowish, with short, often slightly incurved tube and oblique, weakly bilabiate limb, the upper lip bifid; stamens 4, often exsert; stigma shortly bifid; ovary with 4 uniovulate chambers; fr drupaceous; trees or shrubs with palmately compound lvs and small cymose infls that may be aggregated into a terminal mixed panicle. 250, nearly cosmop."

  • Provided by: [D].New York Botanical Garden
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    Morphology

    Calyx hemispherical, campanulate or obconical, 5-lobed (4-lobed in V. schliebenii), toothed or truncate, persistent and ± accrescent in fruit.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Corolla ± zygomorphic (regular in V.schliebenii); tube usually creamy-white, straight or curved, shortly cylindrical to infundibuliform; limb blue lilac mauve or pale yellow (V. chirindensis), upper lip 2-lobed, lower lip 3-lobed, (limb 4-lobed in V.schliebenii), spreading, the lower-lip median lobe usually larger than the laterals and sometimes more strongly coloured.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Leaves opposite, rarely in whorls of 3, digitately compound with (1)3–7 leaflets, usually petiolate; leaflets entire or variously dentate or crenate, often with yellow gland-dots and aromatic; petiolules present or absent.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Inflorescences terminal or axillary, mostly of dichasial cymes, occasionally of cymes aggregated into lax panicles, slender or sturdy; bracteoles inconspicuous, linear, narrowly-lanceolate or narrowly-spathulate.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Fruit a drupe or a nut with a hard 4-locular endocarp; fruiting calyx firm and ± cupular to saucer-shaped below the drupe, or enlarged chartaceous campanulate about the nut.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Seeds 1–4, oblong to obovoid, without endosperm.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Stamens 4, didynamous, epipetalous, included or exserted from the corolla tube; filaments broadened at the base, glabrous or with glandular or eglandular hairs.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Ovary initially c. 2-locular, later 4-locular, with a single ovule in each locule, gland-dotted or not, glabrous or apically hairy; style terminal, filiform, bifid, shortly or distinctly exserted (>i>V.>i>schliebenii).

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Shrubs or trees, more rarely scrambling lianes, deciduous or evergreen, bark smooth or vertically fissured.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Seeds without endosperm.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Drupes fleshy with hard 4-celled endocarp; fruiting calyx usually accrescent, plate-like or cupular

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Corolla white and/or coloured, mostly shades of blue, lilac or mauve, ± zygomorphic; tube shortly cylindrical to long-tubular or ± funnel-shaped; limb spreading, ± 2-lipped, the upper lip 2-fid, the lower 3-fid

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 20
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    Stamens 4, didynamous, inserted in the tube, mostly exserted

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 20
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    Ovary at first ± 2-locular, later usually 4-locular, with single ovule in each locule; style terminal, filiform, shortly bifid

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 20
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    Trees, shrubs or occasionally lianas, the stems mostly 4-angled, glabrous to densely hairy

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 20
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    Leaves opposite or in whorls of 3, (1–)3–7-foliolate, mostly petiolate; leaflets entire, toothed or lobed, often glandular

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 20
    • ]. 

    Cymes mostly dichasial, short and dense to open and spreading, sessile or pedunculate, the bracts often well developed; cymes sometimes aggregated into thyrsoid or lax panicles

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 20
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    Calyx campanulate to tubular, (3–)5(–6)-lobed or toothed or nearly truncate

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 20
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    Habit

    Trees or shrubs, rarely woody vines

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 22
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    Distribution

    A complex genus of about 380 specific and infraspecific entities, mostly of the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres, a few also found in temperate Europe and Asia. Species are widely cultivated and naturalized.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Panama
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    Included Species

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Lamiaceae
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • G
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).