Vitis L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 202. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • Grape [Latin, vine]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Vitis L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000040377. Accessed on: 26 Sep 2021'

General Information

4. Vitis L.

Por J.A. Lombardi.

Bejucos, polígamo-dioicos; indumento de tricomas no glandulares, araneosos y no araneosos no ramificados. Zarcillos comúnmente asociados con las inflorescencias. Hojas simples y comúnmente lobadas, rara vez compuestas (fuera de Mesoamérica), con gran variación morfológica entre individuos o en un mismo individuo, la nervadura acródroma; estípulas libres; pecíolos canaliculados. Inflorescencias tirsoide-paniculadas, opuestas a las hojas. Flores funcionalmente diclinas, a veces bisexuales; cáliz (3-)5(-9)-mero, pateliforme; corola (3-)5(-9)-mera, los pétalos unidos en el ápice en una caliptra, la base induplicada y más o menos coherente en los márgenes, caducos en la antesis; estambres (3-)5(-9), erectos, en las flores funcionalmente femeninas reflejos o rara vez ausentes; disco compuesto de 5 glándulas libres alternadas con los estambres; estilo corto o ausente, el estigma único, puntiforme o levemente capitado, pistilodio presente en las flores estaminadas. Frutos en bayas; semillas (1-)3 o 4, lacrimiformes. Aprox. 65 spp. Canadá, Estados Unidos, México, Mesoamérica, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Europa, Asia.

Se reconocen, en principio dos especies, pero el género carece de revisión, las características usadas son muy imprecisas. Las dos especies de Mesoamérica representan, cada una, uno de los dos subgéneros reconocidos de Vitissubgen. Muscadinia (Planch.) Rehder (V. popenoei ) y subgen. Vitis (V. tiliifolia).

Bibliografía: Bailey, L.H. Gentes Herb. 3: 151-244 (1934). Comeaux, B.L. Taxon. Stud. Grapes East. U.S. 1-178 (1984). Moore, M.O. Sida 14: 339-367 (1991). Mullins, M.G. et al. Biol. Grapevine 1-239 (1992). Planchon, J.É. Monogr. Phan. 5: 321-368 (1887).

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Lianas, climbing by tendrils, sprawling, or occasionally shrubby, functionally dioecious (synoecious in V. vinifera). Branches: bark exfoliating (adherent in V. rotundifolia); pith brown, interrupted by nodal diaphragms (continuous through nodes in V. rotundifolia); tendrils 2–3-branched (unbranched in V. rotundifolia), rarely absent, without adhesive discs. Leaves simple. Inflorescences functionally unisexual (bisexual in V. vinifera), leaf-opposed, thyrses. Flowers functionally unisexual (bisexual in V. vinifera); calyx a minute rim, entire or 5-toothed; petals (3–)5(–9), connate distally, forming calyptra; nectary free, (3–)5(–9) glands alternating with stamens; stamens usually (3–)5(–9), sometimes 0 in pistillate flowers; style conic, short. Berries purple or black. Seeds 1–4 per fruit. x = 10.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Lianas, woody, usually polygamo-dioecious, rarely hermaphroditic. Bark usually shedding; tendrils leaf-opposed, usually bifurcate. Leaves simple, often lobed, sometimes palmately compound; stipules usually caducous. Inflorescence a thyrse. Flowers 5-merous. Calyx saucer-shaped; sepals minute. Petals united at apex and shed as a cap (calyptra) at anthesis. Stamens opposite to petals, undeveloped and abortive in female flowers. Disk conspicuous, 5-lobed or ring-shaped. Pistil 1; style slender; stigma slightly expanded. Berry globose, 2-4-seeded. Seeds obovoid or obovoid-elliptic, base rostrate, abaxially 1-furrowed with a rounded or suborbicular or elliptic chalazal knot, adaxially 2-furrowed; endosperm M-shaped in cross-section.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    VITIS L.

    Bejucos; tallos jóvenes glabros a densamente tomentosos, zarcillos presentes, generalmente ramificados; plantas poligamodioicas. Hojas simples (en Nicaragua) o compuestas, generalmente lobadas, margen dentado; estípulas presentes, caducas. Inflorescencias panículas de pseudoumbelas, flores perfectas o estaminadas; pétalos 5, fusionados apicalmente para formar una caperuza decidua; disco de 5 glándulas libres o connadas; estilo no conspicuamente persistente, estigma generalmente 2-lobado. Fruto con (1) 2–4 semillas; semillas irregularmente piriformes, extremos angostos y rostrados.

    Género con ca 65 especies del hemisferio norte, mayormente templadas; 2 especies, sólo 1 nativa en Nicaragua. Ambas especies, especialmente V. vinifera son cultivadas por su fruto comestible. "Uva".

  • Provided by: [H].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Woody vines, deciduous, rarely evergreen, scandent or climbing by tendrils borne opposite the leaves or arising from the peduncles, the bark often shredding and falling away, the pith usually interrupted by nodal diaphragms, brown; tendrils usually branched, rarely simple. Leaves simple or palmately compound, often lobed, usually rounded and cordate, dentate. Inflorescence a panicle. Flowers pedicellate, usually umbellate clustered, polygamodioecious, some plants with per- fect flowers, others staminate with a rudimentary ovary, 5-merous; calyx cupular, fused with an entire or shallowly lobed margin; petals fused at the apex to form a deciduous cap; stamens 5, the hypogynous disk of 5 ? free or connate glands alternate with the stamens and adnate to the base of the ovary, lobed; ovary bicarpellate. the style short, conical, the stigma usually shallowly bilobed, the carpels 2-celled. Fruit baccate, usually edible, pulpy, 2-4-seeded, the seeds usually pyriform and narrowly rostrate basally.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    "Fls 5-merous, actually or functionally unisexual, the plants sub- dioecious; cal obsolete or nearly so; pet separate at the base, but cohering at the summit and early deciduous; sterile fls with 5 erect stamens on long filaments and a vestigial pistil; fertile fls with a well developed pistil and 5 short, reflexed, functionless stamens; a 5-lobed nectary disk present at the base of the ovary; fr a juicy berry; seeds ovoid, 4, or fewer by abortion; simple-lvd woody vines with (rarely without) lf-opposed tendrils, the fls mostly cymose-paniculate, with the pedicels very often umbellately clustered. 60, N. Hemisphere."

  • Provided by: [D].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Habit

    vines

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    A genus of 60-70 species, mostly of the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere. Two species are found in Panama, V. vinifera, the common cultivated grape which has been occasionally planted and the native V. tiliifolia which occurs throughout Middle America.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES Bailey, L. H. 1934. The species of grapes peculiar to North America. Gentes Herbarum 3: 154–244. Comeaux, B. L., W. B. Nesbitt, and P. R. Fantz. 1987. Taxonomy of the native grapes of North Carolina. Castanea 52: 197–215. Moore, M. O. 1987. A study of selected Vitis (Vitaceae) taxa in the southeastern United States. Rhodora 89: 75–91. Moore, M. O. 1991. Classification and systematics of eastern North American Vitis L. (Vitaceae) north of Mexico. Sida 14: 339–367. Munson, T. V. 1909. Foundations of American Grape Culture. New York. Tröndle, D. et al. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of the genus Vitis (Vitaceae) based on plastid markers. Amer. J. Bot. 97: 1168–1178. Zecca G. et al. 2012. The timing and the mode of evolution of wild grapes. Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 62: 736–747.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Grape [Latin, vine]

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    Vitaceae
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).