Araliaceae Juss.
  • Gen. Pl. 217. 1789. (4 Aug 1789)


This taxon is accepted by World Flora Online consortium
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Information

Trees or shrubs, sometimes woody vines with aerial roots, rarely perennial herbs, hermaphroditic, andromonoecious or dioecious, often with stellate indumentum or more rarely simple trichomes or bristles, with or without prickles, secretory canals present in most parts. Leaves alternate, rarely opposite (never in Chinese taxa), simple and often palmately lobed, palmately compound, or 1-3-pinnately compound, usually crowded toward apices of branches, base of petiole often broad and sheathing stem, stipules absent or forming a ligule or membranous border of petiole. Inflorescence terminal or pseudo-lateral (by delayed development), umbellate, compound-umbellate, racemose, racemose-umbellate, or racemose-paniculate, ultimate units usually umbels or heads, occasionally racemes or spikes, flowers rarely solitary; bracts usually present, often caducous, rarely foliaceous. Flowers bisexual or unisexual, actinomorphic. Pedicels often jointed below ovary and forming an articulation. Calyx absent or forming a low rim, sometimes undulate or with short teeth. Corolla of (3-)5(-20) petals, free or rarely united, mostly valvate, sometimes imbricate. Stamens usually as many as and alternate with petals, sometimes numerous, distinct, inserted at edge of disk; anthers versatile, introrse, 2-celled (or 4-celled in some non-Chinese taxa), longitudinally dehiscent. Disk epigynous, often fleshy, slightly depressed to rounded or conic, sometimes confluent with styles. Ovary inferior (rarely secondarily superior in some non-Chinese taxa), (1 or)2-10(to many)-carpellate; carpels united, with as many locules; ovules pendulous, 2 per locule, 1 abortive; styles as many as carpels, free or partially united, erect or recurved, or fully united to form a column; stigmas terminal or decurrent on inner face of styles, or sessile on disk, circular to elliptic and radiating. Fruit a drupe or berry, terete or sometimes laterally compressed, occasionally vertically compressed, exocarp fleshy; pyrenes cartilaginous or membranous, often laterally compressed. Seeds 1 per pyrene, embryo small, endosperm uniform or ruminate.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Morphology

    Calyx adnate to the ovary, small

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Flowers hermaphrodite or unisexual, spicate, racemose, umbellate or capitate

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Fruit a berry or drupe

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Seeds with copious endosperm and small embryo

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Disk epigynous

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Ovary inferior, 1–or more-celled; styles free or connate; ovules solitary in each cell, pendulous from the inner angle

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Petals valvate or slightly imbricate, usually free

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Stamens free, alternate with the petals; anthers 2-celled, opening lengthwise

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    • 1
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    Mostly woody

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Leaves alternate or rarely opposite, simple or compound; stipules often adnate to the petiole

  • Provided by: [A].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Seeds endospermous, endosperm smooth or ruminate; embryo very small

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Stamens free, alternating with the petals and usually similar in number, but occasionally more numerous; anthers opening by longitudinal slits

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Ovary inferior, with 2–8 locules; styles often forming a distinct stylopodium and only free at the apex, sometimes free throughout

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Calyx inconspicuous, with the tube adnate to the ovary

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Petals (4)5(10), valvate or slightly imbricate, usually free but sometimes joined to form a calyptra

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Ovules solitary in each loculus, anatropous, pendulous

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 2
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    Fruit a berry or drupe

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Leaves alternate (rarely opposite), simple, pinnate or digitate; often coriaceous, glabrous or with a simple or stellate indumentum, the leaves of juvenile shoots often differing considerably from those of mature foliage; stipules frequently conspicuous

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Flowers small, hermaphrodite (monoecious or dioecious outside the FZ area), actinomorphic; arranged in umbels, racemes or in compound combinations of these structures

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Trees, shrubs, lianes, suffrutices (very rarely herbaceous outside the FZ area)

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Calyx ± obconic, with tube adnate to ovary; free margin erect and very small

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Petals 4–10, valvate, usually free, sometimes connate and calyptrate

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Leaves simple or compound; lamina coriaceous or chartaceous, often in some genera with differences in texture and outline between those of juvenile and mature parts of the plant

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 3
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    Stipules usually present

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Inflorescences generally ample, ultimate branching very often umbellate or racemose

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Flowers small, regular, often greenish-yellow, hermaphrodite, polygamous or dioecious

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Trees, shrubs, lianes or (rarely) ± herbaceous, sometimes epiphytic, unarmed (at least in East Africa), with a simple or stellate indumentum, or glabrous

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Stamens equal in number to the petals and alternate with them, rarely more numerous, inserted (with them) on a disk

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Ovary inferior with 2–8 locules; styles distinct throughout or connate below into a stylopodium; ovules solitary, pendulous from the apex of each locule

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Anthers dorsifixed, dithecous, longitudinally dehiscent

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Seeds with copious ruminate or smooth endosperm; embryo small and located near the hilum

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Fruit a berry or a drupe, often with fleshy exocarp and an endocarp divided into distinct pyrenes or hardly distinct from the exocarp

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
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     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Araliaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).